Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of hydrocarbon and oxygenated monoterpenes against some foodborne pathogens through in vitro and in silico studies

Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Pesticide Biochemistry and PhysiologyAuthor(s): Mohamed E.I. Badawy, Gehan I.Kh. Marei, Entsar I. Rabea, Nehad E.M. TaktakAbstractThe present work describes the antimicrobial action of 25 monoterpenes (six hydrocarbons, five ketones, two aldehydes, six alcohols and six acetate analogues) against Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and antifungal activity against Aspergillus flavus. The antibacterial activity was evaluated by broth microdilution technique as a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the antifungal activity was performed by mycelia radial growth technique as the effective concentration causing 50% inhibition of the mycelial growth (EC50). The results showed that thymol and α-terpineol were the most potent against E. coli (MIC = 45 and 55 mg/L, respectively) and S. aureus (MIC = 135 and 225 mg/L, respectively). The results also showed that thymol displayed the maximum antifungal action against A. flavus with EC50 20 mg/L. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity was determined using N,N-dimethyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (DMPD) and the results showed that geraniol were the most potent compound (IC50 = 19 mg/L). Molecular docking studies indicated that the compounds displayed different binding interactions with the amino acid residues at the catalytic sites of N5-carboxyaminoimidazole synthetase and oxysterol binding protein Osh4 enzymes. Non-covale...
Source: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): Ohyla A. EL-Gammal, Heba A. Alshater, Hanaa A. El-BoraeyAbstractNovel mononuclear Fe(III), Cu(II), Cd(II), Sn(IV) and binuclear Ni(II) and Hg(II) complexes with the Schiff base ligand: (E)-N'-((4-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene) nicotinohydrazide were synthesized. The elucidation of the structure of the prepared compounds were performed by elemental analyses, magnetic measurements, thermogravimetry, 3D molecular modeling, molar conductance techniques and by various spectroscopic (IR, 1H NMR, UV–Visible, EPR) tools. Antioxida...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
a O, Nôžková J Abstract The aim of our study is to determine microbial contamination, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of 14 pollen samples of Corylus avellana collected from different locations in Slovakia. Microbiological analysis was carried out in two steps: microbiological assays and studies of antibacterial activity of pollen extracts. The antimicrobial properties of pollen extracts were carried out with the disc-diffusion method. Methanol (70%), ethanol (70%) and distilled water were used for pollen extracts. Five strains of bacteria such as gram-negative (Salmonella enterica subsp. en...
Source: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: J Environ Sci Health B Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, potential biological applications of PF-SeNPs were explored by antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant and biocompatibility assays. Materials and Methods Chemicals and Reagents Sodium selenite (98%), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) (MTT), Tween 80, methanol, acetate buffer, tetracycline, nystatin, rhodamine 123, caspase-3 kit, Dulbecco’s modified Eagle media (DMEM), Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, 2,2-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS), Dulbecco’s phosphate buffered saline pH 7.4 (DPBS) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) w...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract An L-fucose specific lectin from pathogenic fungus Aspergillus niger isolated from the corneal smears of keratitis patient was purified in a single step using mucin coupled sepharose-4B column by 58-fold. The purified lectin, ANL has molecular mass of 30 kDa by SDS-PAGE and 31.6 kDa by ESI-MS. ANL is a glycoprotein with 2.59% carbohydrate. ANL is blood group nonspecific and also agglutinates rabbit erythrocytes. ANL is heat stable up to 50 °C and over a pH range of 7-10. Hapten inhibition studies revealed that ANL is specific to L-fucose, galactose, lactose and glycoproteins, showing highest MIC...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research
We report the synthesis and characterization of some organotin(IV) compounds of N-butyl-N-phenyldithiocarbamate complexes represented as [C4H9SnL2] (1), (CH3)2SnL2] (2), (C4H9)2SnL2] (3), (C6H5)2SnL2] (4)], where L is N-butyl-N-phenyldithiocarbamate. Single crystal X-ray analysis of compounds 2 and 3 showed that they possess five or six coordinate geometry. These compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial properties against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavus, and in-vitro cytotoxic activities against human cer...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study the effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacterbaumannii, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhi, Shigella spp., Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, A. aegypti, A. albopictus, Culex pipiens, Trypanosoma brucei, Leishmania major, Trichomonas. Vaginalis, poliovirus type 1, coxsackie virus B, echovirus 6, West Nile Virus, herpes virus type 1, HSV-1 virus, Fusarium spp., Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, C. albicans, Alternaria alternata, Setosphaeria turcica and Magnaporthe grisea was revealed.
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion Starter cultures are an important tool that contributes to ensure the safety of fermented meat products. Indeed, the microorganisms that constitute starter cultures may inhibit or reduce the growth of spoilage and/or pathogenic populations through mechanisms, such as production of certain metabolites or competitive exclusion. Thus, the use of starter cultures may reduce the need for chemical additives, such as nitrites and nitrates. Furthermore, the lower residual levels of nitrates and nitrites detected in fermented meat products inoculated with starter cultures are due to the ability of starters to metabolize...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions In conclusion, articles in this Research Topic made a very significant contribution to our understanding of the role played by environmental factors, dysbiotic conditions, and infections in triggering diseases. Since this is a rapidly expanding area of research, many other factors contributing to the onset of these diseases are not covered here. We are confident, however, that further studies will expand the list as well as bring a better understanding of mechanisms involved in the onset of autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases. Author Contributions All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and i...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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