E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Replacement Therapy for Smoking Cessation

New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 380, Issue 20, Page 1973-1975, May 2019.
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusions: European MRPH showed a suboptimal level of knowledge about e-cigarettes and THR. Training programs for public health and preventive medicine trainees should address this gap.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study develops our understanding of factors influencing the implementation of an organisational change intervention to promote sustainable provision of smoking cessation care in the SIF setting.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Despite overall reductions in levels of smoking in the UK, rates of offender smoking remain high. In 2016, it was announced that prisons in England and Wales would gradually introduce a smoking ban. The purpose of this paper is to explore offenders' perceptions around the upcoming smoking ban. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A total of eight focus groups were conducted in four prisons across the North of England. Both smoking and non-smoking offenders participated in the focus groups, and thematic analysis was used to explore the findings. FINDINGS: Themes generated from the data were &quo...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research
Conditions:   Smoking Cessation;   Tobacco Use Cessation Interventions:   Behavioral: Smoking cessation counseling (Quitline);   Behavioral: Smoking cessation pharmacotherapy (e.g, nicotine replacement therapy);   Behavioral: Financial incentives Sponsors:   University of California, Los Angeles;   NYU Langone Health;   Olive View-UCLA Education & Research Institute Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Smoking cessation strategies for patients with schizophrenia appear to be effective and should combine (1) smoking cessation medications with sufficient duration, (2) diversified psychosocial approaches and (3) physical activity practice. PMID: 31153585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is high-certainty evidence that providing behavioural support in person or via telephone for people using pharmacotherapy to stop smoking increases quit rates. Increasing the amount of behavioural support is likely to increase the chance of success by about 10% to 20%, based on a pooled estimate from 65 trials. Subgroup analysis suggests that the incremental benefit from more support is similar over a range of levels of baseline support. More research is needed to assess the effectiveness of specific components that comprise behavioural support. PMID: 31166007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study aimed to develop an intervention to be integrated into existing healthcare. A mixed methods approach included a theory-driven systematic review identifying promising behaviour change techniques for targeting smoking relapse prevention, and qualitative focus groups and interviews with women (ex-smokers who had remained quit and those who had relapsed), their partners and healthcare professionals (N = 74). A final stage recruited ten women to refine and initially test a prototype intervention. Our qualitative analysis suggests a lack, but need for, relapse prevention support. This should be initiated by a trusted ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Project Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Prolonged smoking cessation support is recommended to address physical, behavioural and psychological aspect of smoking. Cessation support should address previous quitting experiences to assess smoking dependence and tailoring of support. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian and New Zealand Clinicial Trials Registry (Ref #ACTRN12616001603404). PMID: 31153777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research
Condition:   Lung Cancer Interventions:   Behavioral: Digital-based support;   Behavioral: Traditional-based support + Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) Sponsor:   Indiana University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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