Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting after Extracorporeal Life Support in Patients with Cardiac Arrest or Cardiogenic Shock.

Conclusion: CABG after ECLS was very rare in real-world circumstances. Although the early mortality rate was high, the risk of mortality may be acceptable under such devastating circumstances. PMID: 31089443 [PubMed]
Source: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research

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Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesIn type II atrial septal defect (ASD) patients, the left-to-right (LR) shunt causes adaptation of the heart and circulation. The study objective was to evaluate with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) the impact of LR shunt on left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) volumes, function, and myocardial strain.MethodsThirty-five patients (42  ± 17 years, 17 male) were compared to a control group (n = 40). Cine imaging was used to calculate ventricular volumes and ejection fraction (EF), global longitudinal (GLS) and circumferential strain (GCS), and longitudin...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractThe role of drug-coated balloons (DCBs) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of all published studies comparing the outcomes of DCBs vs. stenting in AMI patients. Four studies with 497 patients (534 lesions) were included (three randomized controlled trials and one observational study). During a mean follow-up of 9  months (range 6–12 months), DCBs were associated with similar risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (5% vs. 4.4%; OR 1.24, 95% CI: [0.34, 4.51],p = 0.74,I2 = 35%), all-cause mortality (0.0...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWith increasing use of prosthetic valves to treat degenerative valvular heart disease (VHD) in an aging population, the incidence and adverse consequences of paravalvular leaks (PVL) are better recognized. The present work aims to provide a cohesive review of the available literature in order to better guide the evaluation and management of PVL.Recent FindingsDespite gains in operator experience and design innovation, significant PVL remains a significant complication that may present with congestive heart failure and/or hemolytic anemia. To date, clear consensus or guidelines on the evaluation and...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewLymphatic disorders have received an increasing amount of attention over the last decade. Sparked primarily by improved imaging modalities and the dawn of lymphatic interventions, understanding, diagnostics, and treatment of lymphatic complications have undergone considerable improvements. Thus, the current review aims to summarize understanding, diagnostics, and treatment of lymphatic complications in individuals with congenital heart disease.Recent FindingsThe altered hemodynamics of individuals with congenital heart disease has been found to profoundly affect morphology and function of the lymph...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The association between implanted stent types and heart failure in patients with non –ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) remains unknown. The current study aimed to investigate whether the implantation of a newer-generation drug-eluting stent (NG-DES) compared with that of a bare-metal stent (BMS) in patients with NSTEMI who receive an undefined duration of dual antiplate let therapy (DAPT) reduces the risk of hospitalization for heart failure (HHF).
Source: Atherosclerosis - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewHeart failure remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality despite advances in guideline directed medical and electrophysiologic device therapies. Valvular heart disease (VHD) is common in heart failure patients and independently associated with poor outcomes. This review provides an update in the rapidly evolving field of transcatheter heart valve interventions (THVI) in the management of heart failure.Recent findingsAortic stenosis (AS) may cause or worsen heart failure. Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) occur secondary to heart failure and con...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewAtrial fibrillation is the commonest sustained arrhythmia in rheumatic heart disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In this review, we discuss its epidemiology, natural course and management with special emphasis on recent developments in understanding and treatment of atrial fibrillation in rheumatic heart disease.Recent findingsUse of direct oral anticoagulants appears promising, especially in developing countries where regular coagulation monitoring is a challenge. Also, restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm in rheumatic atrial fibrillation appear feasible and ...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The $13 billion deal will bolster the big pharma firm's cardiovascular disease pipeline
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions The studies here suggest that certain pediatric patient populations are at risk for impaired psychosocial functioning as a result of repetitive procedures. However, it is important to differentiate whether the association with poorer psychosocial outcomes is from the number of surgical procedures or whether the number if just a surrogate for increased disease complexity. Standardized psychosocial outcomes measures and future prospective, long-term, randomized clinical trials are also warranted.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research
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