Patient Recall of Education about the Risks of Alcohol Use Following Bariatric Surgery

AbstractPatients who undergo bariatric surgery are at increased risk of developing alcohol problems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether patients who underwent bariatric surgery recalled receiving education about alcohol prior to having surgery and to investigate their alcohol use patterns. Patients (N = 567) who underwent bariatric surgery completed a survey regarding their knowledge of risks related to post-surgical alcohol use. Although most patients recalled receiving education about abstinence from alcohol after surgery, at least one-third of patients do not appear to understand the risk s involved with alcohol consumption, suggesting that patients did not retain the information. Despite recalling receiving education, many patients still consumed alcohol after surgery. It appears that additional interventions are needed to decrease alcohol use after bariatric surgery.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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This study aims to determine the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin therapy on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the patients with morbid obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical, anthropometric and laboratory data were analyzed together with intraoperative liver biopsies from morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. RESULTS: 219 patients with morbid obesity were evaluated. Systemic arterial hypertension (55.9% vs. 33.8%, p = 0.004) and dyslipidemia (67.1% vs. 39.0%, p
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
International Journal of Obesity, Published online: 18 June 2019; doi:10.1038/s41366-019-0397-xExploring pre-surgery and post-surgery substance use disorder and alcohol use disorder in bariatric surgery: a qualitative scoping review
Source: International Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
FRIDAY, June 14, 2019 -- Drug- and alcohol-related mortality is significantly higher than expected in the seven years following bariatric surgery, according to a study recently published in Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. Gretchen E....
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
AbstractNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) pathogenesis associates with intramyocellular lipid deposition and mitochondrial dysfunction. microRNAs (miRs), including pro-apoptotic miR-34a, are modulated during disease progression in liver tissue and plasma. We aimed to investigate the functional role of the miR-34a/SIRT1:AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway in modulating local mitochondrial dysfunction in the skeletal muscle of human and experimental non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Muscle biopsies were obtained from morbid obese NAFLD patients undergoing bariatric surgery. C57BL/6N mice were fed different NAFLD...
Source: Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundMorbid obesity is a worldwide epidemic and is increasingly treated by bariatric surgery. Fatty liver is a common finding; almost half of all patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis develop steatohepatitis. Bariatric surgery improves steatohepatitis documented by liver biopsy and single voxel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques.ObjectiveTo investigate changes before and after bariatric surgery using whole organ MRI quantification of liver, visceral, and subcutaneous fat.SettingUniversity of Basel Hospital and St. Clara Research Ltd, Basel, Switzerland.MethodsSixteen morbidly obese patients were...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: While there is a certain overlap between the results of the current study and published transcriptomic profiles of non-transplanted livers with steatosis, we have identified discrete characteristics of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in liver grafts potentially utilizable for the establishment of predictive signature. Introduction Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in industrialized countries, its prevalence being estimated at 19–31.3% (1). It encompasses a range of conditions that are thought to arise from fatty liver (simple steatosis) throu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Bianca Cox1†, Maria Tsamou1†, Karen Vrijens1, Kristof Y. Neven1, Ellen Winckelmans1, Theo M. de Kok2, Michelle Plusquin1 and Tim S. Nawrot1,3* 1Center for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium 2Department of Toxicogenomics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands 3Department of Public Health, Environment and Health Unit, Leuven University (KU Leuven), Leuven, Belgium Maternal body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy is known to affect both fetal growth and later-life health of the newborn, yet the implicated molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. As the master reg...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study not only confirms the significant association of NAFLD with obesity but also outlines a simple non-invasive scoring system to identify obese individuals at high risk for NASH.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion The periconceptional environment and lifestyle factors modify sperm epigenome. This alteration might be maintained in the zygote and throughout development, thereby leading to the inheritance of newly acquired pathologies. The role of sperm miRNA, not only as innovative markers of fertility issues but also as vectors involved in the inheritance of paternal diseases, appears to be crucial. Overweight and obesity seem to alter sperm miRNA profile, thereby leading to transmission of different miRNA profiles in zygote, with consequences on embryo development. In long term, metabolic disorders have been described in...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Katherine Samaras1,2,3*, Henrik Tevaerai4, Michel Goldman5, Johannes le Coutre6,7 and Jeff M. P. Holly8 1Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 2Diabetes and Metabolism, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 3St Vincent's Hospital, St Vincent's Clinical School, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 4Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland 5Institute for Interdisciplinary Innovation in Healthcare, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium 6Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom 7Nes...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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