Blood test can measure effectiveness of treatments for aggressive skin cancers

(NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine) Blood tests that track the amount of tumor DNA can -- after only one month of drug therapy -- detect how well treatment is working in patients with skin cancer, a new study finds.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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Abstract Pain is common among patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). However, there are very limited data on chronic pain among HNC patients treated with radiation therapy (XRT). In this retrospective study, we focused on the characteristics of chronic post-XRT pain in such patients. Post-XRT pain is common among HNC patients; however, we found discrepancy between frequency of treatment and frequency of chronic pain, suggesting poor documentation of pain in the medical records. Among patients who reported to have chronic post-XRT pain, most of them described having severe pain and used descriptors of neuropathi...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
In this study we investigated anti-melanoma and hepatoprotective activities of frankincense essential oil (FEO) in both in vitro and in vivo models. Pretreatment with FEO induce a significant (p
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Let's get to the punchline because it is a big one: Radiation therapy plus cetuximab led to inferior overall survival (OS) in human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). It is in light of the recently published results from Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 1016 and De-ESCALaTE HPV that we scope this issue's Oncology Scan to discuss the populist view that has prevailed among the head and neck cancer community for some time now: treatment de-intensification in HPV-positive oropharyngeal SCC (OPSCC).
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Feature Source Type: research
Authors: Ávila-Román J, Talero E, de Los Reyes C, Zubía E, Motilva V, García-Mauriño S Abstract Oxylipins are metabolites derived from lipid peroxidation. The plant oxylipin methyl jasmonate (MJ) shows cytotoxic activity against cancer cell lines of various origins, with ATP-depletion being one of the mechanisms responsible for this effect. The cytotoxic activity of oxylipins (OXLs) isolated from the microalgae Chlamydomonas debaryana (13-HOTE) and Nannochloropsis gaditana (15-HEPE) was higher against UACC-62 (melanoma) than towards HT-29 (colon adenocarcinoma) cells. OXLs lowered...
Source: Natural Product Communications - Category: Biochemistry Tags: Nat Prod Commun Source Type: research
ConclusionsMusculoskeletal problems are the main occupational health problems experienced by the study group. New findings include a low but important prevalence of ultraviolet radiation–associated conditions. One in 3 guides have experienced significant psychological trauma, and one quarter of these had symptoms of PTSD.
Source: Wilderness and Environmental Medicine - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
In this study verteporfin (Ver), a second-generation photosensitizer, has been conjugated with mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs): the resulting Ver-MSNs are an efficient nanoplatforms used to enhance cargo capacity and cellular uptake. Our in vitro and in vivo studies investigated whether Ver-MSNs were able to reduce or inhibit melanoma growth. In vitro experiments performed using B16F10 mouse melanoma cells showed that Ver-MSNs stimulated by red light (693 nm) significantly decreased in vitro cells proliferation in a range of concentration between 0.1 μg/ml to 10 μg/ml. When Ver-MSNs (5 μg/ml in glyc...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
AbstractCarriers of pathogenic variants inCDKN2A have a 70% life-time risk of developing melanoma and 15 –20% risk of developing pancreatic cancer (PC). In the Netherlands, a 19-bp deletion in exon 2 ofCDKN2A (p16-Leiden mutation) accounts for most hereditary melanoma cases. Clinical experience suggests variability in occurrence of melanoma and PC inp16-Leiden families. Thereby, the risk of developing cancer could be modified by both environmental and genetic contributors, suggesting that identification of genetic modifiers could improve patients ’ surveillance. In a recent genome-wide association study (GWAS),...
Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Mucosal Melanoma;   Advanced Cancer;   Apatinib;   SHR-1210 Intervention:   Drug: apatinib plus SHR-1210 Sponsor:   Henan Cancer Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Introduction With increasing health care expenses and limited resources, it is important to evaluate potential means of reducing cost while maintaining efficacy and safety. The purpose of our study was to compare the cost and outcomes of surgical excision of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in the operating room versus an outpatient procedure clinic. Methods A retrospective review of patients undergoing excision of biopsy-confirmed NMSC at the Miami Veterans Affairs Hospital between December 1, 2015, and December 1, 2016, was completed. Patients treated in the operating room and procedure clinic were included. Treatment...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research
Tumor spread through air spaces (STAS) as a new pathological invasion mode is closely related to many clinicopathological factors. In lung adenocarcinoma, micropapillary and solid pathological subtypes are most related; STAS for early stage lung adenocarcinoma, surgical type of lobectomy seems to benefit better than sublobar resection, which may up-regulate the pathological stage of early lung cancer; Moreover, STAS is closely related to squamous cell carcinoma and other non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition, intraoperative frozen-section pathological detection of STAS is difficult and controversial. STAS as an i...
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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