Always on the defensive: The effects of transit sexual assault on travel behavior and experience in Colombia and Bolivia

Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport &Health, Volume 13Author(s): Gwen KashAbstractThis mixed-methods study uses surveys and interviews with transit users to document the prevalence and effects of transit sexual assault in two Latin American transit systems: Bogotá, Colombia's TransMilenio BRT and informal transit in El Alto, Bolivia. Transit sexual assault is common in both systems, but more prevalent in the overcrowded TransMilenio system; 37% of female TransMilenio users reported experiencing unwanted sexual contact while using transit. Transit users in general are found to respond to the risk of transit crime by engaging in defensive behaviors such as avoiding travel at certain times of day, traveling in groups, taking more expensive modes, or avoiding travel altogether. Transit sexual assault victims are more likely to engage in these behaviors, and also engage in victim-specific defensive behaviors: selecting defensible positions within a carriage, standing near “safe” people (typically other women), or using objects to shield themselves. These habitual behaviors allow some victims to regain a sense of safety on transit, but others continue to struggle with hypervigilance, anxiety, and other responses to sexual trauma. It is imperative to prevent future transit sexual assaults, but many women have already been assaulted, are already traumatized, and need additional help to recover freedom of movement. Crowding reduction, improve...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Tom Østergaard, Tobias Lundgren, Robert D. Zettle, Nils Inge Landrø, Vegard Øksendal HaalandAbstractThe Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II) aims to measure psychological flexibility (PF), described as the ability to act according to chosen values while consciously being in contact with present moment experiences that might function as obstacles. To date, the psychometric properties of a Norwegian translated version of the AAQ-II (NAAQ) have not been published, thus limiting the confide...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Psychiatric medications are an important part of treatment for many people with mental disorders, such as depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia, anxiety, and others. They play an important role in helping to alleviate the most serious symptoms, allowing people to better focus on their lives and on other treatment types, such as psychotherapy. Psychiatric medications are an important part of many people’s treatment plans for obtaining the most effective treatment for a mental health concern or mental illness. It’s good to know what drugs are being prescribed most often for mental disorders in the U.S...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Medications Psychiatry psychiatric meds psychiatric prescriptions Source Type: blogs
Omega-3 is a type of fat, small amounts of which are essential for good health. → Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety Depression subscribers-only Source Type: blogs
A drink that is linked to high blood pressure and increased risk of heart problems. → Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Blood Pressure Source Type: blogs
A 21-year-old man sought treatment at an oral pathology center presenting with thick, brownish and peeling crusts along the upper and lower lips with a time-course evolution of 5 years. His main complaints were pruritus, burning sensation, and lack of aesthetics. Concomitantly with the onset of the lesions, the patient was diagnosed with anxiety disorder and depression. The diagnosis of exfoliative cheilitis was made based on the clinical characteristics and symptomatology reported by the patient.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Physical and chemical injuries of the oral mucosa can be caused by an accidental, iatrogenic, and factitious trauma. The present case describes chemical burn of oral mucosa caused by escitalopram oxalate. It belongs to a group of medicines used for relief of the symptoms of depression. A 27-year-old female patient presented with a 1-month history of an oral lesion with a burning sensation. Intraoral examination revealed a solitary white plaque on the ventral surface of the tongue. The patient reported medical treatment for anxiety and panic syndrome with a single daily dose of escitalopram (Lexapro) oral solution (20 mg/mL...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Many factors have been studied in order to identify the causes of oral lichen planus (OLP), such as use of drugs, autoimmune diseases, diabetes, and hepatitis C virus infection. Some researchers have been trying to find a connection between psychological states and OLP. The authors report a case of a 36-year-old female patient who went to the stomatology care service complaining of a "white ball on the tongue," which was causing her some discomfort over a year. During anamnesis, the patient reported taking lithium and bupropion (treating depression and anxiety, respectively).
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Venlafaxine hydrochloride is a structurally novel antidepressant that inhibits reuptake of 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline but, unlike the older antidepressants, has few adverse effects. A 57-year-old female patient, a smoker with anxiety, on psychiatric treatment with venlafaxine hydrochloride attended our oral medicine unit complaining of a white spot on the right cheek with 1 year since the onset, which did not regress after the use of nystatin and triamcinolone acetonide. The intraoral clinical examination revealed the presence of white striae and leucoplastic plaque on the buccal mucosa and on the right lateral ...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Toothache is the great complaint for dental care. Generally, the patient postpones around 7 days, awaiting remission of pain, using medications and/or alternative resources. Difficulties of public access to treatment, financial issues, fear, and dental anxiety are frequently cited. There are reports of the use of alternative products found in the domestic environment to solve them, such as alcohol, toothpaste, and some foods like garlic and cloves among others. A 41-year-old woman, V.S.F., presented to attendance with toothache for 5 days, and as pain increased, in addition to analgesics, she applied 90 g (1 tube) of tooth...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
To evaluate psychological factors (anxiety, depression, and stress) and levels of salivary alpha-amylase in individuals with oral lichen planus.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
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