It May Not Be a Bad Thing Fewer U.S. Babies Were Born in 2018 Than in Any Year Since 1986

With American women increasingly delaying having children, fewer U.S. babies were born in 2018 than in any year since 1986, according to provisional data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). About 3.7 million babies were born in the U.S. last year, 2% fewer than in 2017, according to the NCHS. Birth numbers fell across racial groups, with declines charted among white, black, Hispanic, Asian and American Indian women. In 2018, the U.S. saw not only a 32-year low in total births, but also a record-setting dip in national fertility rates. Based on 2018 data, a group of 1,000 women would be expected to have 1,728 babies in their collective lifetimes, the data say—well below the 2,100 required to replace aging generations without accounting for immigration and emigration, according to the NCHS. The report, however, deals only with a snapshot in time and may not represent “births foregone. It’s simply births that have been postponed,” says Brady Hamilton, a statistician demographer at the NCHS and lead author of the new report. “Women generally do have, in the end, two children”—they may just have them later in life than did women of previous generations. In other words, the data don’t suggest that Americans are actually getting less fertile, biologically, says Hans-Peter Kohler, a sociology professor at the University at Pennsylvania who specializes in fertility an...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized CDC data Demography fertility Pregnancy public health Source Type: news

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This study explored the association between serum vitamin D levels and urinary tract infections in pregnant women.Study designIn this case control study, 187 participants including, 97 pregnant women diagnosed as a symptomatic UTI (case group) and 90 matched healthy pregnant women (control group) were consecutively enrolled from prenatal care clinic of Imam Reza Hospital in Urmia, North West of Iran. The two groups were matched for trimester and parity, and sexual intercourse. Blood samples were collected from both groups. Chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) was used to evaluate the serum vitamin D levels. We used a binary...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: To perform a descriptive analysis of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) cases attended in a tertiary hospital. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of medical records and laboratory tests of patients admitted to a Brazilian tertiary hospital between 2006 and 2011, with a confirmed diagnosis of PPROM and gestational age (GA) at delivery
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conditions:   Control of Pregnancy;   Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections Interventions:   Device: Polyurethane (PU) condom;   Device: Natural Rubber Latex (NRL) condom Sponsor:   Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare (UK) Limited Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this issue of JAH, Choi et  al. [1] report on research examining sexting among sexual minority youth. The results of their study represent a significantly more sophisticated understanding of this behavior, relative to the emergence of the concept of sexting approximately 15 years ago. Back then, in 2005, the Los Angeles Tim es published a news story referencing a phenomenon they called “sext messaging.” Three years later, a survey released by Cosmogirl.com and the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy was the first to examine this behavior in a systematic way.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Pregnant women and people with chronic health conditions such as asthma, diabetes and heart disease are particularly vulnerable to flu complications yet lag the elderly in getting vaccinated.(Image credit: BSIP/Getty Images)
Source: NPR Health and Science - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
ConclusionsOverall health status is found to be poor among women during the perinatal period compared with the postpartum period. The study indicates that interventions to address the influencing factors are needed to ensure better quality of life for women both pre- and post-birth. Community-based initiatives, such as awareness building, might address negative factors and subsequently improve health status and reduce adverse health outcomes related to pregnancy and postnatal care.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
This report aimed to discuss the reason for IVCT in a case of pregnancy-induced hypertension with decreased antithrombin III and protein S and the anticoagulation strategy.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Autoimmunity ReviewsAuthor(s): Andrea Rubbert-Roth, Melinda Zsuzsanna Szabó, Melinda Kedves, György Nagy, Fabiola Atzeni, Piercarlo Sarzi-PuttiniAbstractThe five TNF inhibitors currently approved for the treatment of RA are characterised by differences in their molecular structures, half-lives, administration routes, dosing intervals, immunogenicity, and use in women who wish to become pregnant. TNF inhibitors still represent the first biologic after conventional synthetic DMARD (csDMARD) in the majority of patients according to registry data. This was p...
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): Ketsia Sabrina do Nascimento Marinho, Clovis José Cavalcanti Lapa Neto, Ilka Dayane Duarte de Sousa Coelho, Meykson Alexandre da Silva, Maria Eduarda Gomes Melo, Katharine Raquel Pereira dos Santos, Cristiano Aparecido Chagas, Álvaro Aguiar Coelho Teixeira, Valéria Wanderley TeixeiraAbstractExposure of pregnant women to pesticides in an occupational or incidental manner has been pointed out as a possible cause of health problems in newborns. Cypermethrin and methomyl ar...
Source: Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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