Antimicrobial resistance: how you can make a difference

This article looks at the magnitude of the problem of antimicrobial resistance in Great Britain and elaborates on the important role of nurses in antimicrobial stewardship. Topics mentioned include the ways that nurses can do to reduce the use of antibiotics including the promotion of healthy diets among patients, the importance of public health campaigns on antibiotics prescription, and the use of vaccination for infection prevention.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Related Links:

Members of the ‘Mycoplasma mycoides cluster’ are important animal pathogens causing diseases including contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, which are of utmost importance in Africa or Asia. Even if all existing vaccines have shortcomings, vaccination of herds is still considered the best way to fight mycoplasma diseases, especially with the recent and dramatic increase of antimicrobial resistance observed in many mycoplasma species. A new generation of vaccines will benefit from a better understanding of the pathogenesis of mycoplasmas, which is very patchy up to now. In par...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractThe anaerobic intestinal spirochaeteBrachyspira hyodysenteriae colonises the large intestine of pigs and causes swine dysentery (SD), a severe mucohaemorrhagic colitis. SD occurs worldwide, and control is hampered by a lack of vaccines and increasing antimicrobial resistance.B. hyodysenteriae strains typically produce strong beta-haemolysis on blood agar, and the haemolytic activity is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of SD. Recently, weakly haemolytic variants ofB. hyodysenteriae have been identified in Europe and Australia, and weakly haemolytic strain D28 from Belgium failed to cause disease when used e...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this review, we summarize antagonistic concurrent infections involving parasites and provide a functional framework for in-depth studies of the underlying mechanisms of coinfection with different microorganisms, which will hasten the development of promising antimicrobial alternatives, such as novel antibacterial vaccines or biological methods of controlling infectious diseases, thus relieving the overwhelming burden of ever-increasing antimicrobial resistance.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Emergent resistance to antibiotics among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates is a severe problem worldwide. Antibiotic resistance profiles for S pneumoniae isolates identified from pediatric patients in mainland China remains to be established. The clinical features, antimicrobial resistance, and multidrug resistance patterns of S pneumoniae were retrospectively analyzed at 10 children's hospitals in mainland China in 2016. Among the collected 6132 S pneumoniae isolates, pneumococcal diseases mainly occurred in children younger than 5 years old (85.1%). The resistance rate of S pneumoniae to clindamycin, erythromycin, tetr...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Among the major drivers of the Antimicrobial Resistance crisis is the misuse and overuse of antibiotics in livestock and feed. Credit: Germán Miranda/IPS. By Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, May 21 2019 (IPS) Antimicrobial resistance is quickly becoming a global crisis and risks reversing a century of progress in health. Some organisations have already geared up and are tackling the issue from its roots. In a new report, the United Nations Interagency Coordination Group (IACG) on Antimicrobial Resistance estimates that antibiotic resistance could cause 10 million deaths each year by 2050. Already, drug-resistan...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America Regional Categories Sustainability TerraViva United Nations Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) WHO Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 2 May 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Yoon-Hee Oh, Dong-Chan Moon, Young Ju Lee, Bang-Hun Hyun, Suk-Kyung LimAbstractPasteurella multocida causes single or complex respiratory disease in pigs. Although antimicrobial therapy is the most effective treatment for porcine respiratory disease, P. multocida shows increased antimicrobial resistance in Korea. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the phenotypic and genotypic characterization of tetracycline-resistant P. multocida. Thirty-seven of 454 P. multocida isolates from South Korea between 2010 and 2016 were selected. Four tet ge...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
A young boy in Pakistan receives an oral polio vaccine (OPV). Over the last 30 years huge progress has been made against polio and it is now only endemic in 2 countries, Afghanistan and Pakistan, with only 33 cases confirmed cases last year. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, May 1 2019 (IPS) Since the introduction of vaccines, diseases such as measles and polio were quickly becoming a thing of the past. However, the world’s progress on immunisation is now being threatened. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 85 percent of the world’s children received basic va...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations diptheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) human papillomavirus (HPV) Measles Vaccines World Health Organ Source Type: news
Authors: Matsumoto H, Shiotani A, Graham DY Abstract Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common human pathogens and it has been estimated that about 50% of the world's population is currently infected. The present consensus is that, unless there are compelling reasons, all H. pylori infections should be cured. Since the 1990s, different national and international guidelines for the management of H. pylori-related diseases have been published and periodically updated regarding indications for treatment, diagnostic procedures, and preferred treatment regimens. Most guidelines provide sophisticated meta-analyses ex...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Shawna L. Semple1, Tania Rodríguez-Ramos1, Yamila Carpio2, John S. Lumsden3, Mario P. Estrada2* and Brian Dixon1* 1Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada2Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Havana, Cuba3Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a multifunctional neuropeptide that is widely distributed in mammals and is capable of performing roles as a neurotransmitter, neuromodulator, and vasodilator. This polypeptide belongs to the glucagon/secretin ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, the full-length PcrV was divided into four domains with the guidance of its structure, and the Nter domain (Met1-Lys127) and H12 domain (Leu251-Ile294) were found to be immunodominant. Subsequently, Nter and H12 were combined with a flexible linker to generate an artificial PcrV derivative (PcrVNH). PcrVNH was successfully produced in E. coli and behaved as a homogenous monomer. Moreover, immunization with PcrVNH elicited a multifactorial immune response and conferred broad protection in an acute PA pneumonia model and was equally effective to full-length PcrV. In addition, passive immunization with anti-Pcr...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
More News: Antimicrobial Resistance | Diets | Health | International Medicine & Public Health | Men | Nurses | Nursing | Nutrition | UK Health | Vaccines