Scientists release 3D images that reveal how a baby's head is SQUASHED as it delivered

Until the MRI scans taken by French researchers, the details of foetal head moulding remained unclear, and only one previous study had captured images of the process.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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The Scandinavian Guidelines for Initial Management of Minimal, Mild, and Moderate Head Injuries in Adults (Scandinavian guidelines) are the first to incorporate serum measurement of the S100 astroglial calcium-binding protein B (S100B) to emergency departm...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Yi Zhen Tan, Yi Qi Chong, Emerlyn Khong, Yun Khoon Liew, Norman ChiengAbstractLive attenuated Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), marketed as Bacille Calmette-Guérin is the only FDA-approved vaccine against tuberculosis. The prerequisite of cold chain storage between 2 to 8 °C hinders the global vaccination effort. The study aims to investigate the effect of trehalose, sucrose and glycerol combinations in enhancing the stability of M. bovis. The bacilli were formulated in various ratios of trehalose-glycerol, sucro...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 103Author(s): Renad S. El-Kamel, Azza A. Ghoneim, Amany M. FekryAbstractGraphene oxide nanoparticles/polythreonine polymer as a nano-coating on AZ91E Mg alloy was considered as a new temporary implant for gastrectomy applications. This coating as a novel one is decomposable and has bio-viability possessions. Various electrochemical measurements were utilized for corrosion performance estimation of Mg alloy in peritoneal fluid with time of dipping. It was recognized that the nano-coating is fixed for 20 days giving unexpected high corrosion...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Materials Chemistry and PhysicsAuthor(s): Yannan He, Jiacheng Wu, Dacheng Qiu, Zhiqiang YuAbstractHeat treatment of rigid polyurethane foam (RPUF) was performed at different temperature. The failure degrees of treated RPUF were evaluated by the characterization of tensile properties. The failure process and mechanism of RPUF was further analyzed by thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Experimental results showed that the untreated RPUF maintained the optimal tensile strength and m...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Materials Chemistry and PhysicsAuthor(s): Lucio Scandola, Saverio Latorrata, Roberto Matarrese, Cinzia Cristiani, Isabella NovaAbstractPhotoanodes for water-splitting applications were produced by coating acid-treated Ti slabs using an aqueous dispersion of TiO2, polyvinyl alcohol and glycerol. Such components were adjusted to achieve a lower viscosity at a 10 s−1 shear rate, considered as representative of the dip-coating application, for the sake of reducing the final coating thickness while increasing its quality.A correlation was found between the thickness of...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Journal of Materials Processing TechnologyAuthor(s): Pratik Murkute, Somayeh Pasebani, O. Burkan IsgorAbstractPowder bed fusion-selective laser melting (PBF-SLM) was used to produce corrosion-resistant 316L stainless steel clads on 1018 carbon steel substrates. The PBF-SLM parameters such as laser power, laser-scanning speed, hatch spacing, and layer thickness were optimized to attain maximum clad density and a superior metallurgical bond to the substrate. Typical energy densities that are required for producing dense 3D parts (˜100 J/mm3) was inadequate for cladd...
Source: Journal of Materials Processing Technology - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Rocco Chiou, Matthew A. Lambon RalphAbstractThe neural architecture of semantic knowledge comprises two key structures: (i) A set of widely dispersed regions, located adjacent to the sensorimotor cortices, serve as spokes that represent various modality-specific and context-dependent contents. (ii) The anterior-temporal lobe (ATL) serves as a hub that computes the nonlinear mappings required to transform modality-specific information into pan-modality, multifaceted concepts. Little is understood regarding whether neural dynamics between the hub and ...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsBy obtaining the moisture behavior information with NMR, Raman and DSC and direct images or network structure of ice crystal, these direct and indirect measurements can characterize ice crystals in multi-perspectives, providing constructive information on the mechanisms of the freezing process. In addition, advanced novel freezing technologies show great promise in improving the crystallization process during freezing of foods. It is thus hoped that this review could provide better understanding on ice crystallization in frozen products, leading to the optimization of the freezing process for the frozen food industry.
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of SolidsAuthor(s): D. Alburquenque, L. Troncoso, J.C. Denardin, J.F. Marco, J.L. GautierAbstractManganese nickel oxides with a spinel-related structure, NixMn3-xO4-δ (x = 0.5 or 0.75), were synthesized by an ultrasound-assisted sol-gel method. Inductively coupled plasma atomic optical emission spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis showed good agreement with the nominal oxide compositions. The Rietveld refinement of the X-ray data indicated that both Ni0.5Mn2.5O4-δ and Ni0.75Mn2.25O4-δ cryst...
Source: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): O. Secundino-Sánchez, J. Diaz-Reyes, J. Aguila-López, J.F. Sánchez-RamírezAbstractIn this work reports the crystalline phase transformation of electrospinning TiO2 nanofibres by annealing at high temperatures. The nanofibres chemical stoichiometry was determined by Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), which allowed find that the TiO2 crystal phase transformation is caused by oxygen vacancy generating. The TiO2 nanofibres diameter varied from 137.0 to 115.3 nm in the temperature range of 100-1000...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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