Why Measles Making the News Is a Sign of Progress

A set of  measles outbreaks in Washington state, New York City, and elsewhere, is making national headlines and frightening parents around the United States. Counter-intuitively, measles making the news is a sign of progress. Not long ago, measles was so common that it was simply not newsworthy. Suffer ing from the extremely infectious disease, which causes spotty rashes and a hacking cough, was widespread and often deadly.It was once the case that even royalty fell victim to diseases now easily preventable with routine shots given during childhood.  Measles killed the un-vaccinated King Kamehameha II of Hawaii, and his queen, Kamamalu, in the 1800s. A century prior to that, King Louis XIV of France lost his brother, son, grandson, and great-grandson to smallpox. Smallpox once claimed approximately 400,000 lives annually in Europe in the late 18th century, a nd in the 20th century, it caused hundreds of millions of deaths around the world. Thanks to vaccines, smallpox was eradicated in 1980.As recently as the late 1950s and early 1960s, nearly  twice as many children died from measles as from the polio disease. Thanks, once again, to vaccines, polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979.Recent  coverage by the Washington Post of the current measles outbreaks contains an amazing anecdote of a measles victim’s visit to a doctor: “the doctor, who...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs

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It ’s becoming more common for pregnant women in the United States to use cannabis: Between 2002 and 2017, the prevalence of past-month cannabis use increased from 3.4% to 7.0% among pregnant women overall and from 5.7% to 12.1% during the first trimester, according to areport published today inJAMA.These and other findings, which were based on the responses of women to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), highlight “the importance of screening and interventions for cannabis use among all pregnant women,” wrote Nora Volkow, M.D., director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and colleag...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: cannabis use Daniel Corsi gestational diabetes JAMA Michael Silverstein National Survey on Drug Use and Health Nora Volkow pregnancy preterm birth Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Food Research International, Volume 123Author(s): Juliana Melendrez-Ruiz, Stéphanie Chambaron, Quentin Buatois, Sandrine Monnery-Patris, Gaëlle ArvisenetAbstractOver time, meat has acquired a central place in French gastronomy. The role played by plant-based proteins, such as pulses, is less clear. In order to better understand it, this study seeks to identify how French non-vegetarian consumers structure their main dish, using an indirect approach. A total of 120 participants had to compose dishes, following six different scenarios, by selecting three images of food item...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Food PolicyAuthor(s): Yuan Chai, Philip G. Pardey, Connie Chan-Kang, Jikun Huang, Kyuseon Lee, Wanlu DongAbstractThe global geographical balance of food and agricultural R&D spending is shifting, characterized by a declining U.S. share and a rising middle-income-country share, propelled heavily by the rapid rise of spending in China. Based on our newly compiled data, we estimate that China now outspends the United States on both public and private food and agricultural research on a purchasing power parity basis. The public-private orientation of the research has also ...
Source: Food Policy - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, extra virgin olive oils from five French cultivars were discriminated by applying partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS1-DA) to their fatty acid and squalene compositions obtained by gas chromatography. Two decision rules were compared to determine the varietal origin of predicted samples: either a classical PLS-DA approach with uncertainty zones, or a control chart approach with warning and control limits. The control chart approach, being focused on characteristic samples from each modelled cultivar, is able to deal with classes having unbalanced number of samples and to identify atypical samples.
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Rouviere D, Veillon R, Chaltiel L, Simonneau Y, Filleron T, Milia J, Guibert N, Melloni B, Raherisson C, Didier A, Mazieres J Abstract The central nervous system (CNS), through carcinomatous meningitis or solid brain metastases, is the most common site of recurrence in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) with activating mutations. Our retrospective study describes the population of patients with CNS metastases of NSCLC harboring activating mutation with targeted therapy (EGFR, ALK, BRAF, HER2) in 4 French regional reference hospitals. 60 patients were analyzed. The proposed treatments were heterogeneous an...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
This study focuses on the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among teenagers and its connection with the consumption of tobacco. METHODS: A cross-sectional and monocentric study was conducted in the spring of 2018 and included 1435 students (15-16years old) from the metropolitan area of Saint-Étienne in France. RESULTS: Nearly half of the adolescents experimented with e-cigarettes (50.30%) or tobacco (50.40%). Nearly a quarter are vapers (23.60%) or smokers (28.20%), with low daily use (3.65% for vaping and 9.40% for smoking). In regard to the link between smoking and vaping, 64.85% of adolescents are &q...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that gaps of VTE care extend in different levels of the medical system, including: the patient, physicians, and medical teams. Patients were sensitive to a lack of disease awareness among healthcare providers. There was appreciation for subspecialty care recommended for VTE. In a qualitative study, using the patient perspective, we have detected frustrations and perceived areas of improvement of the care of the patient with VTE. These gaps are anchored in perceived lack of disease awareness and difficult transitional care. PMID: 31203596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
If it’s Tuesday afternoon at national delegate conference, it’s time for the general secretary to take the floor. But conference is never about one individual and in Liverpool today, Dave Prentis closed his speech by inviting dozens of members who have taken part in winning industrial action over the last 12 months to come forward. As green and purple flew, delegates stood as one, applauding and cheering, with Liverpool anthem You’ll Never Walk Alone reverberating around the hall. It was the perfect illustration of the solidarity that was his theme; the perfect illustration of how UNISON is helping m...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Article News 2019 National Delegate Conference BREXIT dave prentis international Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 17 June 2019Source: BiologicalsAuthor(s): P.R. Deepak, P. Saravanan, J.K. Biswal, S.H. Basagoudanavar, H.J. Dechamma, V. Umapathi, B.P. Sreenivasa, R.P. Tamilselvan, N. Krishnaswamy, I. Zaffer, A. SanyalAbstractFoot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious viral disease affecting cloven hoofed livestock. Insect cell expressed virus like particles (VLPs) are potential alternative to overcome the limitations of inactivated vaccine. However, at pH
Source: Biologicals - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Vicentini CB, Manfredini S, Maritati M, Di Nuzzo M, Contini C Abstract Gonorrhea can be traced back to the earliest records of the human race even if Albert Neisser first described gonococcus in 1879. The Romans, Jews and Arabs all have documents referring to gonorrhea and each society had their own description of symptoms and treatment. The Roman physician Galen in 130 AD described the disease as an "involuntary escape of semen". The word itself derives from the Greek, meaning "the flow of seed". Gonorrhea is currently the second most commonly notifiable sexually transmitted infection ...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
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