Investigation of the novel mTOR inhibitor AZD2014 in neuronal ischemia
ConclusionAZD2014 was detrimental to neurons that underwent ischemia. AZD2014 appeared to reduce hamartin, a known neuroprotective mediator, thereby preventing any beneficial effects of mTOR inhibition. Further characterization of the role of individual mTOR complexes (mTORC1 and mTORC2) and their upstream and downstream regulators are necessary to reveal whether these pathways are neuroprotective targets for stroke.
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee
This study aimed to explore the effect of winter temperatures on the risk factors, etiology, coagulation, and degree of neurological impairment in patients with ischemic stroke using temperature and rainfall data from the Guangzhou Meteorological Bureau during the winter months of December, January, and February. MATERIAL AND METHODS We divided 112 patients with ischemic stroke into low-temperature and non-low-temperature groups. The low-temperature group experienced an average daily winter temperature of 13°C on admission. Neurological deficits were scored and monitored using the National Institutes of Health Stroke S...
ConclusionsEndovascular treatment for TBAD with ARSA was feasible and safe with a satisfactory midterm follow-up outcome.
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Natan M Bornstein, Jeffrey L Saver, Hans Christoph Diener, Philip B Gorelick, Ashfaq Shuaib, Yoram Solberg, Lisa Thackeray, Milan Savic, Tamar Janelidze, Natia Zarqua, David Yarnitsky, Carlos A Molina, Ashfaq Shuaib, Michael Hill, Daniel Vaclavik, David Skoloudik, Jan Fiksa, Grethe Andersen, Pekka Jakala, Turgut TatlisumakSummaryBackgroundSphenopalatine ganglion stimulation increased cerebral collateral blood flow, stabilised the blood–brain barrier, and reduced infarct size, in preclinical models of acute ischaemic stroke, and showed potentia...
CONCLUSION: Initial results illustrate how a shift from paper-based documentation to an integrated eHealth service can improve communication and documentation in an independent therapy network. PMID: 31118341 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Dhamane AD, Baker CL, Rajpura J, Mardekian J, Dina O, Russ C, Rosenblatt L, Lingohr-Smith M, Lin J Abstract Objective: To compare the risk of hospitalization and costs associated with major bleeding (MB) or stroke/systemic embolism (SE) among elderly patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who initiated apixaban then switched to another oral anticoagulant (OAC) vs. those who continued with apixaban treatment. Methods: NVAF patients (≥65 years) initiating apixaban were identified from the Humana database (1/1/2013-9/30/2017) and grouped into Switcher and Continuer cohorts. For Switchers, the...
Authors: Nishiyama A, Wakabayashi H, Nishioka S, Nagano A, Momosaki R Abstract Our aim was to clarify the nutritional status and energy intake needed for activities of daily living (ADL) improvement among convalescent stroke patients. This retrospective cohort study of stroke patients used data from the Japan Rehabilitation Nutrition Database. Mean energy intake per ideal body weight was 26 kcal/kg/day at 1 week after hospitalization. Patients were divided into two groups according to energy intake: ≥26 kcal/kg/day (high) and
Conclusions: The study proved that TTP-minimally invasive surgery was safe and feasible in mitral and tricuspid valve surgery. It has been associated with superior esthetics. Mitral repairs performed through TTP access are durable in mid-term observation. PMID: 31119001 [PubMed]
Conclusions: Trans-apical off-pump MV repair with the NeoChord system is a safe, minimally invasive procedure, with few minor complications. In well-selected candidates it provides successful treatment of degenerative MR. Results are anatomy dependent, so preoperative patient selection is crucial. PMID: 31119000 [PubMed]
Death, stroke, and cardiac arrest outcomes are comparable to drug therapy.