A Survey of a Mixed Species Aviary Provides New Insights into the Pathogenicity, Diversity, Evolution, Host Range, and Distribution of Psittacine and Passerine Adenoviruses.

A Survey of a Mixed Species Aviary Provides New Insights into the Pathogenicity, Diversity, Evolution, Host Range, and Distribution of Psittacine and Passerine Adenoviruses. Avian Pathol. 2019 May 13;:1-25 Authors: Phalen DN, Agius J, Vaz FF, Eden JS, Setyo LC, Donahoe S Abstract A Bourke's parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) originating from an aviary in Australia containing two species of parrots, five species of finch and a species of dove was presented for necropsy. The Bourke's parrot died from gastritis caused by Macrorhabdus ornithogaster, but also had an interstitial nephritis and ureteritis with adenovirus-like inclusion bodies within collecting duct epithelial cells. The adenovirus causing the lesions was shown to be Psittacine Adenovirus-2 (PsAdV-2) using a PCR assay specific for adenoviruses and sequencing of amplicons. A survey of droppings from other birds in the aviary using the same PCR assay with amplicon sequencing found a high prevalence of infection of PsAdV-2 in Bourke and scarlet-chested parrots (Neophema splendida). PsAdV-2 was also present in droppings from a Namaqua dove (Oena capensis). Gouldian finches (Erythrura gouldiae), red-billed firefinches (Lagonosticta senegala), and red-throated parrot finches (Erythrura psittacea) were shedding Gouldian Finch Adenovirus-1 (GFAdV-1). Two novel adenoviruses, an atadenovirus and a siadenovirus were detected in the droppings from long-tailed finches (Poephila acuticauda). Kidney tissue from thr...
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION These observations demonstrate that immune control following ACT requires significant repertoire remodeling, which may be impaired in nonresponders because of the preexisting immune environment. Immunological interventions that can modulate this environment may improve clinical outcomes.TRIAL REGISTRATION Australian New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry, ACTRN12613000981729.FUNDING This study was supported by funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia (APP1132519 and APP1062074).
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Greetings, this is my 1st post on SDN. I'm currently an Australian AP registrar (resident), and am about to finish my 2nd year (out of a 5 year training program). I did my first 2 years rurally, but I got matched to another rural lab for 3rd year, which is extremely unusual, despite me preferencing it very low because it has a reputation for cut-up / grossing for 5 days / week, for both registrars. There'll be very little time to practice reporting cases or preparing slides for... Disillusioned, need help staying motivated for AP
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pathology Source Type: forums
Compare how obstetrician/gynecologists (OBGYNs) in four English-speaking regions (Australia/New Zealand (ANZ), Canada (CAN), United Kingdom (UK), and United States of America (USA)) think of and use transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) in the diagnosis and management of endometriosis.
Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Virtual Poster Session 3: Endometriosis (10:10 AM – 10:20 AM) 10:10 AM: STATION S Source Type: research
The aim was to design a reproducible, easy to adopt method for teaching laparoscopic suturing and intracorporeal knot tying. The novel use of a clock face to guide the steps is proposed to simplify&accelerate skill acquisition. The technique appears far easier to conceptualize than many others and has been very positively received during laparoscopic masterclasses conducted at the Centre for Advanced Reproductive Endo-surgery in Sydney, Australia.
Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Open Communications 5: Basic Science/Research/Education (2:00 PM – 3:00 PM) 2:14 PM Source Type: research
The adoption of robotic surgery by Australian gynecologists has increased in the past seven years but remains dominated by the private sector. Robotic assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) is associated with improved outcomes when compared with open surgery in women with endometrial cancer. However, the comparison of RALH with conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) is met with conflicting data.
Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Open Communications 19:  Robotics (2:00 PM – 3:00 PM) 2:42 PM Source Type: research
Change is in the air for Admedus. The Brisbane, Australia-based company is selling off its CardioCel and VascuCel businesses to LeMaitre Vascular. The deal would give Admedus the space to focus on its transcatheter aortic valve replacement products. Under the agreement terms, Admedus receives $A22.8 million upfront followed by deferred payments of $A1 million each at 12 months and at 36 months. Additionally, the company could receive up to $A11.4 million in earn-out payments. Admedus said it retains manufacturing rights for up to three years and will continue manufacturing CardioCel and VascuCel at its Malaga facility in W...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Cardiovascular Source Type: news
This study examined the association between neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and serious mental illness (SMI)–type 2 diabetes (T2D) comorbidity in an Australian population using routinely collected clinical data. We hypothesised that neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage is positively associated with T2D comorbidity in SMI. The analysis considered 3816 individuals with an SMI living in the Illawarra and Shoalhaven regions of NSW, Australia, between 2010 and 2017. Multilevel logistic regression models accounting for suburb (neighbourhood) level clustering were used to assess the association between neig...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Essex R, Isaacs D PMID: 31606901 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
A skin cancer protection program in Australia led to marked changes in sun-related behaviors that correspond to a reduction in the incidence of melanoma over the same period, suggest survey results.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Med Students Headlines - Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
AbstractA false-positive result of syphilis screening test (FPST) is a characteristic finding in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We evaluated the clinical characteristics of SLE patients with FPST at SLE diagnosis. We reviewed the medical records of patients with SLE who underwent the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory or Rapid Plasma Reagin tests at SLE diagnosis at Severance Hospital between 2006 and 2016. The baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared between patients with FPST and those with a negative result of syphilis screening test. Of 145 patients with SLE, 20 patients showed ...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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