Zoonotic diseases from birds to humans in Vietnam: possible diseases and their associated risk factors

AbstractIn recent decades, exceeding 60% of infectious cases in human beings are originated from pathogenic agents related to feral or companion animals. This figure continues to swiftly increase due to excessive exposure between human and contaminated hosts by means of applying unhygienic farming practices throughout society. In Asia countries —renowned for lax regulation towards animal-trading markets—have experienced tremendous outbreaks of zoonotic diseases every year. Meanwhile, various epidemic surges were first reported in the residential area of China—one of the largest distributor of all animal products on the planet. Some n oticeable illnesses comprising of A/H5N1 or H7N9—known as avian influenza which transmitted from poultry and also wild birds—have caused inevitable disquiet among inhabitants. Indeed, poultry farming industry in China has witnessed dynamic evolution for the past two decades, both in quantity and degree of output per individual. Together with this pervasive expansion, zoonotic diseases from poultry have incessantly emerged as a latent threat to the surrounding residents in entire Asia and also European countries. Without strict exporting legislation, Vietnam is now facing the serious proble m in terms of poultry distribution between the two countries’ border. Even though several disease investigations have been conducted by many researchers, the disease epidemiology or transmission methods among people remained ...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThese observations suggest that SYD is effective in the enhancement of antioxidant ability via activation of Nrf2 pathway and the up-regulation of Nrf2-downstream phase II enzymes expression. The anti-inflammation and antioxidant action of SYD together contributes to the prevention and treatment of ulcerrelated colorectal cancer.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsFeature selection methods and classification techniques were applied to mine TCM syndromes. Feature selection improved the performance of the classification models. Of six algorithms, ANN had the highest accuracy of syndrome classification.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Research underway to address latest viral threat.
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - Category: American Health Source Type: news
Conclusions: Hyperuricemia and hypertension may have a synergistic interaction towards renal function loss in addition to their independent impacts. Our findings may provide a straightforward illustration which is easy for the public to realize the hazard of coexistent hypertension and hyperuricemia on renal injury. PMID: 31962051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
We present the case of a 25-year-old woman admitted due to behavioral disorders, generalized paresthesiasand acute respiratory deterioration compatible with a respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requiring orotracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation and empirical initiation of antibiotic and antiviral therapy. Chest tomography showed pneumomediastinum and changes suggestive of pulmonary infection. In the presence of neurological symptoms, a central nervous system (CNS) infection was suspected and the cerebrospinal fluid showed no pleocytosis, hiperproteinorrachy without glucose consumption; cranial CT scan was normal. D...
Source: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo Source Type: research
ahesh Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are a major cause of respiratory illness and are responsible for yearly epidemics associated with more than 500,000 annual deaths globally. Novel IAVs may cause pandemic outbreaks and zoonotic infections with, for example, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) of the H5N1 and H7N9 subtypes, which pose a threat to public health. Treatment options are limited and emergence of strains resistant to antiviral drugs jeopardize this even further. Like all viruses, IAVs depend on host factors for every step of the virus replication cycle. Host kinases link multiple signaling pathways ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Renata Retkute, Chris P. Jewell, Thomas P. Van Boeckel, Geli Zhang, Xiangming Xiao, Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Matt Keeling, Marius Gilbert, Michael J. TildesleyAbstractThe Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) subtype H5N1 virus persists in many countries and has been circulating in poultry, wild birds. In addition, the virus has emerged in other species and frequent zoonotic spillover events indicate that there remains a significant risk to human health. It is crucial to understand the dynamics of the disease in the pou...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Since March 2013, when the avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infection was first detected in humans, a total of 1567 laboratory-confirmed human cases, including at least 615 deaths1, have been reported to WHO (Figure 1) in accordance with the International Health Regulations (2005). In the latest wave (the 6th wave since Oct 2017), only three human cases have been detected; meanwhile there have been generally fewer A(H7N9) virus detections in poultry and environment samples, according to various reports from mainland China and China, Hong Kong SAR. WHO has been monitoring the situation, and conducting risk assessments2 through...
Source: WHO Avian Influenza - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: avian influenza [subject], bird flu, avian flu, fowl plague, influenza in birds, avian bird flu, h5n1, disease outbreaks [subject], outbreak, outbreaks, epidemics, pandemic, disease control, influenza [subject], flu, seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza Source Type: news
Summary Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) is classified by the World Organization for Animal Health as one of the notifiable diseases. Its occurrence is associated with severe socio‐economic impacts and is also zoonotic. Bangladesh HPAI epidemic data for the period between 2007 and 2013 were obtained and split into epidemic waves based on the time lag between outbreaks. By assuming the number of newly infected farms to be binomially distributed, we fit a Generalized Linear Model to the data to estimate between‐farm transmission rates (β). These parameters are then used together with the calculated infectiou...
Source: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2017 Source:Epidemics Author(s): Edward M. Hill, Thomas House, Madhur S. Dhingra, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Subhash Morzaria, Muzaffar G. Osmani, Mat Yamage, Xiangming Xiao, Marius Gilbert, Michael J. Tildesley Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 remains a persistent public health threat, capable of causing infection in humans with a high mortality rate while simultaneously negatively impacting the livestock industry. A central question is to determine regions that are likely sources of newly emerging influenza strains with pandemic causing potential. A suitable candidate is Ba...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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