Critically appraised paper: Group-format dual-task training reduces dual-task interference in simple mobility tasks in people with chronic stroke commentary

Publication date: Available online 14 May 2019Source: Journal of PhysiotherapyAuthor(s): Valerie E Kelly
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research

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Publication date: June 2019Source: The Lancet Neurology, Volume 18, Issue 6Author(s): Gary A Ford, Bipin B Bhakta, Alastair Cozens, Suzanne Hartley, Ivana Holloway, David Meads, John Pearn, Sharon Ruddock, Catherine M Sackley, Eirini-Christina Saloniki, Gillian Santorelli, Marion F Walker, Amanda J FarrinSummaryBackgroundDopamine is a key modulator of striatal function and learning and might improve motor recovery after stroke. Previous small trials of dopamine agonists after stroke provide equivocal evidence of effectiveness on improving motor recovery. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of co-careldopa plus routi...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 May 2019Source: Journal of PhysiotherapyAuthor(s): Prudence Plummer
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research
Post-stroke spasticity (PSS) is effectively treated with intramuscular botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A), although the clinical improvement is likely mediated by changes at the central nervous system level. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain, this study aims to confirm and locate BoNT-A-related changes during motor imagery with the impaired hand in severe PSS. Temporary alterations in primary and secondary sensorimotor representation of the impaired upper limb were expected. Thirty chronic stroke patients with upper limb PSS undergoing comprehensive treatment including physiotherapy and indicat...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Clinicians can use a change of 1 impairment point for the arm, hand, leg, foot, and postural control dimensions and a change of 2 impairment points for the shoulder pain dimension to identify true change in a patient's motor recovery. PMID: 31040505 [PubMed]
Source: Physiotherapy Canada - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Can Source Type: research
Conclusions: Acupuncture therapy seems effective for motor function, pain relief and activities of daily living in stroke patients with mild SHS, when it is used in combination with rehabilitation. The low certainty of evidence downgrades our confidence in making recommendations to clinical practice. Introduction Shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) is a common condition among people who have had a stroke, with its reported prevalence ranging from 12% to 49% (1, 2). The main symptoms of SHS include pain, hyperalgesia, joint swelling and limitations in range of motion (ROM) (3). Post-stroke SHS is also named type I complex ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to systematically review the effect of virtual reality on balance as compared to conventional therapy alone poststroke. Methods: The databases of PubMed, Cochrane, and Ovid were searched using select keywords. The randomized controlled trials published between January 2000 and August 2017 in English language were included if they assessed the effect of virtual reality on balance ability compared to conventional therapy alone in adults ’ poststroke. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used to assess the methodological quality.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Christophe Duret1,2*, Anne-Gaëlle Grosmaire1 and Hermano Igo Krebs3,4,5,6,7,8 1Centre de Rééducation Fonctionnelle Les Trois Soleils, Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, Unité de Neurorééducation, Boissise-Le-Roi, France 2Centre Hospitalier Sud Francilien, Neurologie, Corbeil-Essonnes, France 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States 4Department of Neurology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, United States 5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fujita Health University, Nago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: KT may have positive effects on lower-extremity, post-stroke rehabilitation. Due to the limited number and quality of the research, additional studies are needed to identify KT benefits. PMID: 31003662 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Clin Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion This systematic review provides an update on GI-APA reorganization following stroke. Stroke patients present atypical GI-APA patterns, longer GI-APA duration and lower GI-APA amplitude compared to healthy people, regardless of which leg is used as the leading or trailing leg. GI is facilitated when the non-paretic leg is used as the trailing leg because the weakness of the paretic leg leads to difficulties in supporting body weight during the upcoming stance phase. Further experiments should include distinct groups of patients in order to describe GI-APA features in acute, subacute and chronic stroke, and the i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Impairments in motor abilities are present in preterm born adolescents without major neuromotor impairment and in the absence of focal brain injury. Altered microstructure of the corpus callosum microstructure appears a crucial factor, in particular for movement quality. Introduction Very preterm birth (birth
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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