National, regional, and state-level all-cause and cause-specific under-5 mortality in India in 2000–15: a systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals

Publication date: June 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Li Liu, Yue Chu, Shefali Oza, Dan Hogan, Jamie Perin, Diego G Bassani, Usha Ram, Shaza A Fadel, Arvind Pandey, Neeraj Dhingra, Damodar Sahu, Pradeep Kumar, Richard Cibulskis, Brian Wahl, Anita Shet, Colin Mathers, Joy Lawn, Prabhat Jha, Rakesh Kumar, Robert E BlackSummaryBackgroundIndia had the largest number of under-5 deaths of all countries in 2015, with substantial subnational disparities. We estimated national and subnational all-cause and cause-specific mortality among children younger than 5 years annually in 2000–15 in India to understand progress made and to consider implications for achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) child survival targets.MethodsWe used a multicause model to estimate cause-specific mortality proportions in neonates and children aged 1–59 months at the state level, with causes of death grouped into pneumonia, diarrhoea, meningitis, injury, measles, congenital abnormalities, preterm birth complications, intrapartum-related events, and other causes. AIDS and malaria were estimated separately. The model was based on verbal autopsy studies representing more than 100 000 neonatal deaths globally and 16 962 deaths among children aged 1–59 months at the subnational level in India. By applying these proportions to all-cause deaths by state, we estimated cause-specific numbers of deaths and mortality rates at the state, regional, and n...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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PURPOSE: Although the importance of exposing adolescent boys to gender transformative programs has been recognized, such programs are limited in India. Studies that assessed the relative effect of intervening in early compared with late adolescence are eve...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
In 2013, a novel thermally dimorphic fungal pathogen was described to cause disseminated disease among persons living with advanced HIV/AIDS in South Africa. Although the organism was initially described as anEmmonsia-like fungus, it is now known to belong to a new genus of thermally dimorphic fungi and was recently namedEmergomyces africanus. There is considerable clinical and histopathological overlap between emergomycosis and histoplasmosis. This review addresses taxonomic, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects ofEs. africanus disease, a condition which has, to date, only been reported from southern Africa.Derma...
Source: Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Hey everyone! I recently got hired at a small animal clinic after having interned there for about 2 months. I know that many vets and RVTs have their rabies pre-exposure vaccine and I was wondering if I should consider getting it. I will only be working at the clinic for a few months because I have to go back to school so I just didn't know if I should get it or wait for a few years. I'm definitely a slight hypochondriac and during my internship I have been scratched by a handful of cats... Should I get the rabies pre-exposure vaccine?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pre-Veterinary Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: PhytomedicineAuthor(s): André GILLIBERT, Stéphane JAURÉGUIBERRY, Yves HANSMANN, Xavier Argemi, Jordi LANDIER, Eric CAUMES, Jean GAUDART
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: news
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PMID: 31232782 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research
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Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: Forensic Science International: Genetics - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
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