Philadelphia's Soda Tax Tied to Big Drop in Sales

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 -- Soda taxes appear to be an effective weapon in the war on obesity and type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests. In January 2017, Philadelphia began taxing sugary and artificially sweetened drinks, and in that year their sales...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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In this study, compared to young mice (4 months of age), aged mice (20-22 months of age) exhibited increased left ventricular weight and cardiomyocyte volume, and showed reduction in cardiomyocyte number, together with reduced ventricular function, indicating the pathological roles of cardiomyocyte senescence in the aged heart. Heart failure can be characterized into two types depending on the level of systolic function. One is described as heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), another is classified as heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and both types of heart failure are prevale...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
By Christian Jarrett There is increasing recognition that while our personality traits are stable enough to shape our lives profoundly, they are also partly malleable, so that our choices and experiences can feedback and influence the kind of people we become. A new study in the Journal of Research in Personality shines a light on a highly consequential behaviour that captures this dynamic – smoking cigarettes. The results add “… to existing knowledge on the implications of smoking by showing that this behaviour is also likely to alter individuals’ characteristic ways of thinking, feeling, and beha...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Health Personality Source Type: blogs
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
ConclusionSystematic studies with a newly developed mouse model enabled us to assess the metabolic consequences caused by acute or chronic activation of Gs signaling selectively in adipocytes. Most strikingly, chronic activation of this pathway led to reduced body fat mass and restored normal glucose homeostasis in obese mice. These findings are of considerable relevance for the development of novel antidiabetic and anti-obesity drugs.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aims to determine the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin therapy on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the patients with morbid obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical, anthropometric and laboratory data were analyzed together with intraoperative liver biopsies from morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. RESULTS: 219 patients with morbid obesity were evaluated. Systemic arterial hypertension (55.9% vs. 33.8%, p = 0.004) and dyslipidemia (67.1% vs. 39.0%, p
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Roman S Abstract Occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) is the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in the liver and/or serum (
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Justinussen T, Madsbad S, Holst JJ, Bojsen-Møller KN Abstract Introduction: The worldwide prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) constitutes an epidemic that is a threat to public health. Bariatric surgery, including Roux en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), is currently the most effective treatment to induce long-term weight loss and remission of co-morbid conditions. Surgery, however, comes with an added risk of complications, highlighting the need to understand the comparative effectiveness and risks of surgical versus conventional approaches to the treatment of obesity and T2D. Areas covered: Po...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
THURSDAY, June 20, 2019 -- Maternal obesity and overweight are associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes in offspring, according to a study published online June 19 in Diabetologia. Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Ph.D., from the University of...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a 3.5-times increased future risk of type 2 diabetes in the child, according to UK researchers.
Source: Nursing Times - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
Chemical Research in ToxicologyDOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.8b00304
Source: Chemical Research in Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Source Type: research
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