Crystal structure of the SPRY domain of human SPSB2 in the apo state

The SPRY domain-containing SOCS box protein 2 (SPSB2) is one of four mammalian SPSB proteins that are characterized by a C-terminal SOCS box and a central SPRY/B30.2 domain. SPSB2 interacts with inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) via the SPRY domain and polyubiquitinates iNOS, resulting in its proteasomal degradation. Inhibitors that can disrupt SPSB2 – iNOS interaction and augment NO production may serve as novel anti-infective and anticancer agents. The previously determined murine SPSB2 structure may not reflect the true apo conformation of the iNOS-binding site. Here, the crystal structure of human SPSB2 SPRY domain in the apo state is reported at a resolution of 1.9   Å . Comparison of the apo and ligand-bound structures reveals that the iNOS-binding site is highly preformed and that major conformational changes do not occur upon ligand binding. Moreover, the C-terminal His6 tag of the recombinant protein binds to a shallow pocket adjacent to the iNOS-binding site on a crystallographically related SPSB2 molecule. These findings may help in structure-based and fragment-based SPSB2 inhibitor design in the future.
Source: Acta Crystallographica Section F - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: SPRY domain of SPRY domain-containing human SOCS box protein 2 SPSB2 SPRY/B30.2 domain iNOS apo structure His6 tag research communications Source Type: research

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