Chronic Otitis Media and its Correlation with Unilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss in a Tertiary Care Centre of North India

In this study, 840 patients of unilateral COM were included. Audiometry was done and data analyzed. Majority of patients showing SNHL had COM for over a period of 5 years. Squamosal disease showed early progression to SNHL than mucosal disease. Higher frequencies were found to be more affect ed and maximum bone gap was seen at 4000 Hz. There was significant difference in mean bone conduction threshold between diseased ear and normal ear at all frequencies (p value  
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Abstract(1) To study the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss among chronic renal failure patients. (2) To study the correlation between degree of hearing loss and the duration of chronic renal failure. This cross sectional study was conducted in the department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery at KAHER ’s Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and KLEs Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi from January 2018 to December 2018. 60 ears (30 patients) with chronic renal failure were included in the study. All 60 ears were subjected to ENT examination, pure tone audiometry and me a...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionTympanoplasty combined with fascia grafting catheterization is effective in the treatment of adhesive otitis media.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionDuring the first 7 days of evolution after the onset of an isolated episode of acute otitis media, we observed significant increases in bone and air thresholds at all frequencies, especially>2 kHz, compared to healthy ears.ResumoIntroduçãoA otite média aguda é uma doença de elevada incidência global, que pode levar à diversas complicações agudas e sequelas auditivas. Dados referentes à avaliação auditiva na fase aguda da otite média aguda são escassos.ObjetivoAvaliar as principais alterações audiom&...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
This study was done to evaluate the incidence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in cases of head and neck malignancies who undergo irradiation, excluding nasopharyngeal malignancies. This prospective observational study was done at a tertiary care hospital. Adult patients of head and neck malignancies treated with radiotherapy (RT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy as definitive or adjuvant therapy from September 2017 to August 2018 were included. Cases of nasopharyngeal malignancies and cases of malignancies of other sites extending to nasopharynx causing mechanical obstruction to ET were excluded. The otoscopy, t...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion: While the exact role of intratympanic injections requires additional trials, triamcinolone resulted in similar outcomes compared to studies using dexamethasone or methylprednisolone. Due to favorable pharmacological properties, triamcinolone represents a safe and efficacious alternative for intratympanic treatment in idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS Source Type: research
Conclusions: Data from the current study suggest that canalplasty offers benefit regarding closure rate in medial graft tympanoplasty. Use of cartilage also portended a higher rate of perforation closure. Canalplasty should be considered when using medial graft techniques if exposure is limited due to bony canal anatomy.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MIDDLE EAR AND MASTOID DISEASE Source Type: research
We examined the anatomy of the eustachian tube and the paratubal muscles of the soft palate with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), assessed auditory function, and correlated the results to evaluate the impact of the pathological anatomy on the function of the middle ear. A total of 64 ears in 32 patients were evaluated (Group A, n = 16) (Group B, controls = 16). MRI showed a short eustachian tube with a shortened tensor attachment in Group A when compared with Group B. The pterygoid hamulus was found to be intact in both groups, but extensive perihamular fibrosis was seen in Group A. A total of 15 ears in Group A h...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions Middle cranial fossa tegmen defects are most commonly seen in obese females and are spontaneous in origin. The most common location was the tegmen mastoideum, and these defects were most commonly repaired through the transmastoid approach, with no greater risk of recurrence. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Objectives: To analyze the central auditory nervous system function through behavioral and electrophysiological tests in children with a history of otitis media and subsequent bilateral tubes placement surgery. Methods: The participants were divided into two groups between eight and 14 years old: control group (CG) consisted of 40 children with no history of otitis media; experimental group (EG) consisted of 50 children with documented history of otitis media and undertook a surgery for bilateral tubes placement. All children completed audiological evaluation (audiometry, speech audiometry, and immit...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
ConclusionsNon-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media affects the central auditory processing in teenagers suffering from the disorder, and monaural low-redundancy hearing is the most affected auditory mechanism. Unilateral conductive changes cause more damage than bilateral ones, and lower family income seems to lead to more changes to the central auditory processing of subjects with non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media.ResumoObjetivoInvestigar e analisar o impacto da otite média crônica não colesteatomatosa no processamento auditivo central em adolescentes.MétodoTrata-se de um estudo para...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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