S28. Acute Inflammation and Attentional Bias for Threat Following Salmonella Typhi Vaccine

In animal models, acute inflammation elicits behaviors related to psychiatric symptoms, including exaggerated threat sensitivity. Less is known about the effects of acute inflammation on the brain and behavior in humans. The polysaccharide form of the Salmonella Typhi vaccine elicits an acute inflammatory response and may provide a useful tool for clinical psychiatry research. Here, we examined the effects of typhoid vaccine on immune cells, cytokines, and attentional bias towards threat.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, we found that the PPL length of Korean SG isolates varied from 11 to 21 prolines and was longer than that of a live vaccine strain, SG 9R (9 prolines). According to growth competition in chickens, the growth of an SG isolate with a PPL length of 17 prolines exceeded that of an SG isolate with a PPL length of 15 prolines. We investigated the pseudogenes of the field isolates, SG 9R and reference strains in GenBank by resequencing and comparative genomics. The pseudogene profiles of the field isolates were notably different from those of the foreign SG strains, and they were subdivided into 7 pseudogene subgro...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Live attenuated vaccines are superior to the killed or subunit vaccines. We designed a Salmonella Typhimurium strain by deleting folD gene (encoding methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase-cyclohydrolase) in the presence of a heterologous fhs gene (encoding formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase) and tested its vaccine potential under stringent conditions of lethal and sub-lethal challenges with virulent Salmonella in the murine model. The efficacy of the vaccine in conferring protection against Salmonella infection was determined in a wide range of host conditions of systemic infection, corresponding to human...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
AbstractFowl typhoid (FT), a septicemic disease caused bySalmonella Gallinarum (SG), and H9N2 influenza infection are two economically important diseases that affect poultry industry worldwide. Herein, we exploited a live attenuated SG mutant (JOL967) to deliver highly conserved extracellular domains of H9N2 M2 (M2e) to induce protective immunity against both H9N2 infection and FT. To increase the immunogenicity of M2e, we physically linked it with CD40L and cloned the fusion gene into either prokaryotic constitutive expression vector pJHL65 or mammalian expression vector pcDNA3.1+. Then pJHL65-M2eCD40L or pcDNA-M2eCD40L r...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
AbstractFowl typhoid (FT), a septicemic disease caused bySalmonella Gallinarum (SG), and infectious bronchitis (IB) are two economically important avian diseases that affect poultry industry worldwide. Herein, we exploited a live attenuated SG mutant, JOL967, to deliver spike (S) protein 1 of IB virus (V) to elicit protective immunity against both FT and IB in chickens. The codon optimized S1 nucleotide sequence was cloned in-frame into a prokaryotic constitutive expression vector, pJHL65. Subsequently, empty pJHL65 or recombinant pJHL65-S1 plasmid was electroporated into JOL967 and the resultant clones were designated as ...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, cytotoxicity, protective efficacy, and immune responses of the host were analyzed. Our previous data had shown a significance decrease in virulence for the crp and sipB mutants compared with a wild-type strain. The current study confirmed this finding in HeLa cells and showed that the crp mutant was significantly less cytotoxic (P
Source: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Can J Vet Res Source Type: research
In this study, the S. Gallinarum ghosts carrying flagellin were genetically constructed utilizing a lysis plasmid pJHL184-flagellin, designed for the coexpression of the flagellin and the lysis protein E. The adjuvant effect of flagellin was evaluated by immunizing seven day old brown nick layer chicks once orally with either S. Gallinarum-flagellin (SG-fliC) ghosts or S. Gallinarum (SG) ghosts alone. Our results showed that immunization with the SG-fliC ghosts elicited early and higher systemic (IgG) and mucosal (IgA) antibody responses compared to the SG ghosts alone, although not always statistically significant. Flow c...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, these results indicate the occurrence of S. Gallinarum strains associated with FT outbreaks that have been circulating for more than 50 years in Brazil and are not originated from virulence reversion of the SG9R vaccine.
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, the data from the present showed that the JOL1814 can be an effective bivalent vaccine candidate against H5N3 LPAI and fowl typhoid infection in poultry while still offering sero-surveillance property against H5 avian influenza virus.
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the immune response in brown layer-hens, vaccinated or not, during the most critical period of infection. Cellular and humoral immunity were extensively evaluated until 7 days post-infection (DPI), by flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. Furthermore, we evaluated the expression of important pro-inflammatory cytokines after infection of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) with the live attenuated SG vaccine and with the wild SG strain. The results showed an increasing production of IgG and IgM during the first week post-infection, in vaccinated layer-hens, which was absent in unvaccinated ...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2016 Source:Research in Veterinary Science Author(s): Zhao Cheng, Junlei Yin, Xilong Kang, Shizhong Geng, Maozhi Hu, Zhiming Pan, Xinan Jiao With an aim to develop a safe, immunogenic fowl typhoid (FT) vaccine, the safety and efficacy of 1009ΔspiCΔcrp, a spiC and crp deletion mutant of Salmonella gallinarum, were evaluated in chickens. Three-day-old chickens were intramuscularly immunized with 1009ΔspiCΔcrp (1×107 CFU) and boosted 7days later (at 10-days old) with the same dose and via the same route (vaccinated group). The vaccinated group sh...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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