Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy: The interplay between liver and cardiac muscle. How does the cardiovascular system react when the liver is diseased?

The objective of this review is to describe in a comprehensive way the pathological alterations that occur in the cardiovascular system of cirrhotic patients. It will also point the limitations that remain in the diagnosis and treatment strategies and more importantly this review will alert the clinicians in the modern era to further observe and record additional pathological changes in this subset of patients. PMID: 31072296 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

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ConclusionsBy discussing various heterogeneity statistics, visualizations, and explanatory methods, this article provides the applied developmental researcher a foundational understanding of complexity and heterogeneity in meta-analysis.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Authors: Singh A, Karnik R, Shah AN, Chutani S, Kantharia BK Abstract Aims: Response to cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) in patients with heart failure depends on the degree of correction of electromechanical dyssynchrony between the left and right ventricles (LV, RV). It is not known whether chronic programming of interventricular (VV) intervals based on characterisation of myocardial strain at different pacing intervals performed acutely would have better long-term clinical outcomes. We hence aimed to evaluate this relationship between speckle tracking strain patterns and rates at different VV intervals an...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
This article discusses the historic context of HDM-ASCT, the modern role of HDM-ASCT given the availability of highly sensitive MRD testing, and the likely future of quadruplet treatment. In summary, patients who attain deep responses using IMiD- and PI-based regimens may not require early HDM-ASCT. A delayed approach to this treatment is acceptable, and might be preferred by patients. PMID: 31730582 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clin Adv Hematol Oncol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Firdos Ahmad, Dhanendra Tomar, Smriti Aryal A C, Adel B. Elmoselhi, Manfred Thomas, John W. Elrod, Douglas G. Tilley, Thomas ForceAbstractNicotinamide riboside kinase-2 (NRK-2), a muscle-specific β1 integrin binding protein, predominantly expresses in skeletal muscle with a trace amount expressed in healthy cardiac tissue. NRK-2 expression dramatically increases in mouse and human ischemic heart however, the specific role of NRK-2 in the pathophysiology of ischemic cardiac diseases is u...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Hossein Rahmani, Seyed Heydar Mahmoudi Najafi, Alireza Ashori, Marzieh Arab Fashapoyeh, Farzaneh Aziz Mohseni, Sara TorkamanAbstractIn this research, biocomposite films containing chitosan (CS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), with different ratios, have been provided. The effects of adding hexamethylene 1, 6-di(aminocarboxysulfonate) (HMDACS) as cross linker and the formation of urea linkage on mechanical properties such as tensile strength and elongation and dynamic-mechanical properties such as storage mod...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Volume 81Author(s): Amaia Morales, Jalel Labidi, Patricia GullónAbstractLignin is an excellent candidate to be used as a starting material for hydrogel synthesis due to its highly functional character. The exhaustible character of the fossil resources linked to the increase of plastic residues in the environment encourages an intensive research on biorenewable and biodegradable polymers to synthesize new materials. Taking into account this current scenario, this work searches for new green routes to elaborate physical hydrogels...
Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study shows that IR780-encapsulated 1-tetradecanol microparticles fabricated by droplet-based microfluidics have great potential as injectable and implantable drug carriers featuring NIR light-sensitive drug release.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Volume 81Author(s): Shivshankar Chaudhari, YongSung Kwon, MinYoung Shon, SeungEun Nam, YouIn ParkAbstractConventional distillation failed to separate a ternary azeotropic mixture of ECH, IPA and water (50/30/20 w/w, %) exist in the epoxy resin manufacturing process. Thus, we prepared a PVA-tetraethyl orthosilicate organic–inorganic hybrid membrane and modified the membrane by layer-by-layer deposition of a PVAm/silicotungstic acid polyelectrolyte for the pervaporation (PV) dehydration of ECH/IPA/water mixtures. In PV experi...
Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Environmental Chemical EngineeringAuthor(s): Wenying Xu, Haoyang GaoAbstractIn order to develop a low-cost NaClO/NiOx(OH)y process instead of Fenton method for treating refractory wastewater, a convenient bead-type hypochlorite conversion NiOx(OH)y catalyst was prepared by simply impregnating Ni-precursor over alumina and then oxidizing with persulfate (PS) in strong alkali solution. The influence of catalyst preparation conditions on the synthesis of NiOx(OH)y was studied. A series of batch experiments were carried out to verify the effective conversion...
Source: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study investigated the actual events in liquid-liquid mass transfer transesterification via microscopic visual observations at room temperature. Our main study topic is the saponification mechanisms, in a crucial side reaction of alkali-catalyzed transesterification. Commercial RPO and high purity FAME were used as the hydrocarbon reactants with methanol and sodium methoxide as reacting alcohol and alkaline catalyst. A concave slide was used as a microreactor and another downward one was used as a cover to set up a closed system. Soap formation was investigated over the FFA range 0.02-2.0 wt%, and water content...
Source: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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