T-cell/Histiocyte-rich Large B-cell Lymphoma of the Larynx in a Juvenile Japanese Macaque (Macaca fuscata)

Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 169Author(s): A. Hirata, A. Kaneko, H. Sakai, S. Nakamura, T. Yanai, T. Miyabe-Nishiwaki, J. SuzukiSummaryAn 11-month-old female Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata), born in captivity in a research institute, suddenly died without clinical signs. Necropsy examination revealed a nodular mass protruding from the left ventral aspect of the larynx, compressing the epiglottis anteriorly. Histopathologically, the laryngeal mass was comprised of medium- to large-sized atypical cells. Immunohistochemically, these were positive for CD20 and partially positive for CD79α. Among the atypical cells were CD3+ T cells and CD68+ histiocytes. Based on the findings, this case was diagnosed as T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma. Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small RNAs were frequently detected in the atypical cells by in-situ hybridization, which was consistent with the finding that the macaque was seropositive for EBV antigen. This is the first report showing the potential association of simian lymphocryptovirus, the simian homologue of EBV, with lymphoma in a juvenile non-human primate.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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