Prevalence of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance in acute care hospitals in Kyiv, Ukraine

ConclusionsInfection control priorities in hospitals should include prevention of surgical site infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections and urinary tract infections. These results may help to delineate the requirements for infection prevention and control in acute care hospitals.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionOur results revealed that TNF ‐α antagonist treatment can reduce the abundance and diversity of gut microbiota in CIA mice. Targeted gut microbiota may be a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of RA.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
We report a case of severe clopidogrel ‐induced drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptom (DRESS) with concomitant eosinophilic pneumonia associated with reactivation of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV). The patient was treated with systemic corticosteroids and mechanical ventilation management. DRESS can progress to severe respir atory failure, and presence of EBV or herpes virus in the serum or resected lymph node tissue is an important finding for its diagnosis. AbstractDrug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a type of hypersensitivity drug reaction. Here, we report the case of a 78 ...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Condition:   Urinary Tract Infection Bacterial Intervention:   Biological: Bacteriophage Therapy Sponsors:   Adaptive Phage Therapeutics, Inc.;   United States Department of Defense Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): Shao-Chung Cheng, Yuan-Chia Chang, Yu-Long Fan Chiang, Yu-Chan Chien, Mingte Cheng, Chin-Hua Yang, Chia-Husn Huang, Yuan-Nian Hsu
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The knowledge of hand hygiene practices, high frequency of handwashing, and wearing different gloves during the procedure of each patient decrease S.aureus nasal carriage in HCWs. In addition mupirocin is still effective in nasal S.aureus carriers. PMID: 32096773 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research
Prostate cancer therapies are improving over time. But how do the long-term side effects from the various options available today compare? Results from a newly published study are providing some valuable insights. Investigators at Vanderbilt University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center spent five years tracking the sexual, bowel, urinary, and hormonal status of nearly 2,000 men after they had been treated for prostate cancer, or monitored with active surveillance (which entails checking the tumor periodically and treating it only if it begins to grow). Cancers in all the men were still confined to the p...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Prostate Knowledge Treatments HPK Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Some Lactobacillus strains exhibit anti-CRE activity, which suggests potential applications for controlling or preventing CRE colonization or infection. Introduction Although Enterobacteriaceae are normal flora of the human intestinal system, they are also common pathogens causing human infections in the setting of both community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections (Hsueh et al., 2010; Toh et al., 2012; Lai et al., 2014; Jean et al., 2016). In this era of widespread antibiotic resistance, Enterobacteriaceae are no exception. Recently, the emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (C...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study revealed that Enterococcus species with biofilm potentials and extracellular virulence properties extensively occur in retail RTE shrimps. A significant number of isolated strains are resistant to antibiotics and harbor resistant and virulent genes, denoting a significant route of resistance and virulence dissemination to bacteria in humans. There is an inadequate understanding of the intricacies of antibiotic-resistant enterococci of food origin that belong to enterococci aside from E. faecium and E. faecalis. Findings from this study reveal detailed antibiotic resistance of E. durans, E. casselifla...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHAIs and increasing antimicrobial resistance present a significant burden to the Ukraine hospital system. Infection control priorities in hospitals should include preventing surgical site infections, respiratory tract infections (which also include PNEU and LRTI), bloodstream infections, and urinary tract infections, as well preventing infections due to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In conclusion, we demonstrated that the selective boosting of lung innate immunity is a conceptually advantageous approach for improving the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment and fighting antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Introduction Pneumonia constitutes a major cause of death, morbidity and health resource use worldwide. The main causative agents identified in adult patients hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are viruses (in 27–30% of cases, the most common being rhinovirus, influenza and coronavirus) and bacteria (14–23% of cases, with a marked predominance of Streptococcus pneumonia...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
More News: Antimicrobial Resistance | Enterococcus | Gastroenteritis | Infectious Diseases | Pneumonia | Respiratory Medicine | Staphylococcus Aureus | Ukraine Health | Urinary Tract Infections