Factors influencing perceptions of private water quality in North America: a systematic review
ConclusionsUnderstanding the factors that shape perceptions of water quality among private water users is an important step in developing private water management policies to increase compliance towards water testing and treatment in Canada and the USA. As many jurisdictions in Canada and the USA do not have mandatory private water testing or treatment guidelines, delineating these factors is an important step in informing future research and guiding policy on the public health of private water systems.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of machine-learning (ML) algorithms to identify key biosecurity practices and factors associated with breeding herds self-reporting (yes or no) a PRRS outbreak in the past 5 years. In addition, we explored the use of the positive predictive value (PPV) of these models as an indicator of risk for PRRSv introduction by comparing PPV and the frequency of PRRS outbreaks reported by the herds in the last 5 years. Data from a case control study that assessed biosecurity practices and factors using a survey in 84 breeding herds in U.S. from 14 production systems were used. Two m...
GIDEON what’s new summary: August 21 to August 21, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (16 updates) 16 DiseasesMap The post Update: August 21, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
This study analysed the effect of the most dominant hedgerow tree species on the composition and diversity of soil communities, which we estimated with oribatid mites in the context of an imminent ash dieback outbreak in Northern Ireland. We hypothesised that the environmental heterogeneity created by different tree species and good tree health are beneficial to the abundance and diversity of these soil communities. We found that communities differ, both in terms of species composition and relative abundances, between different trees in the trimmed hedgerows, and between untrimmed and trimmed hedgerows. The presence of tre...
The high — and rising — rate of nonmedical vaccine exemptions has left major metropolitan areas vulnerable to measles outbreaks; other states have similar pockets of undervaccinated schoolchildren.Medscape Medical News
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) said on Wednesday it will fund the manufacturing of Merck&Co Inc's investigational Ebola vaccine called V920, in response to the outbreak of the deadly virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
This article presents information on the various outbreaks, a review of the virus and the disease, including symptoms and comorbidities, and new recommendations for management. Dental practitioners should be aware of the increasing incidence and prevalence of this disease, be able to recognize it, and make appropriate referrals for management.
Spain's health ministry issued an international alert over the country's biggest ever listeriosis outbreak on Wednesday as the number of people affected rose to 150, including one fatality.
Authors: Siriwardana Y, Deepachandi B, Weliange SS, Udagedara C, Wickremarathne C, Warnasuriya W, Ranawaka RR, Kahawita I, Chandrawansa PH, Karunaweera ND Abstract Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by a genetic variant of L. donovani is being reported from Sri Lanka since year 2001. Patients presented from different geographical locations (600 patients from North or South and a minority of cases from other foci, 2001-2013) were studied. Analysis revealed two different sociodemographic and clinical profiles of leishmaniasis in Northern and Southern Sri Lanka. Also, the same different profiles were present in these foci...
Background: Henoch-Sch önlein purpura (HSP), an IgA vasculitis, most commonly occurs in children. The IgA immune complex deposition is commonly triggered by infection but also has been seen following vaccination. In 2018, Louisville, Kentucky had an outbreak of hepatitis A with over 950 reported cases and 6 deaths. Vacci nation was strongly encouraged and available to the community as a response to the outbreak.
The Lucio ’s phenomenon (LP) is a severe necrotizing cutaneous reaction in patients with classic Virchowian leprosy and untreated Lucio’s leprosy, characterized by outbreaks of painful erythematopurpuric lesions evolving with cutaneous necrosis due to vasculitis. Ulceration is common, especially below the knees, ranging from small to large ulcers. It resembles large-burns lesions with consequent hydroelectrolytic and protein loss. It often develops in treatment-naïve patients, usually without systemic symptomatology, occurring after a few years of the disease start.