Potential therapeutic value of interleukin 1β-targeted strategies in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

Publication date: Available online 9 May 2019Source: Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)Author(s): Vanesa Viana-Huete, José J. FusterAbstractClinical trials have unequivocally shown that cholesterol-lowering drugs decrease the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in an exceptionally wide range of individuals. Yet, even when treated optimally according to current standards, many individuals still experience life-threatening ischemic events. Emerging experimental and clinical evidence strongly suggests that persistent inflammation is a major driver of this residual risk, which has opened the door to the application of anti-inflammatory drugs for cardiovascular disease prevention. Here, we review our current knowledge of the biology of interleukin-1β, a key regulator of inflammation in atherosclerotic plaque and the target of the first clinical trial to demonstrate that an anti-inflammatory drug can effectively reduce cardiovascular risk. We discuss the challenges faced by interleukin-1β inhibitors and other anti-inflammatory compounds in their translation to the clinical scenario, and identify other potential targets within this signaling pathway that hold promise in the cardiovascular setting.ResumenMúltiples ensayos clínicos han demostrado de forma inequívoca que los medicamentos hipocolesterolemiantes disminuyen el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular ateroesclerótica de una muy amplia variedad...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionThese cases are reported because of their rare location and presentation since few cases of bilateral cholesterol granuloma have been reported in the literature.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 29, Issue 8Author(s): Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Amalia De Curtis, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni De Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Chiara Pavanello, Andrea Baragetti, Adriana Branchi, Liliana Grigore, Samuela Castelnuovo, Eleonora Giorgio, Alberico L. Catapano, Laura Calabresi, Monica GomaraschiAbstractLysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is responsible for the hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters (CE) and triglycerides (TG) within the lysosomes; generated cholesterol and free fatty acids (FFA) are released in the cytosol where they can regulate their own synthesis and metabolism. When LAL is not active, as in case of genetic mutations, CE and TG accumulate in the lysosomal c...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Pavić E, Hadžiabdić MO, Mucalo I, Martinis I, Romić Ž, Božikov V, Rahelić D Abstract This work aimed to evaluate and compare the benefits of the energy restricted Mediterranean diet (MD) and Standard hypolipemic diet (SHD) accompanied by exercise on metabolic syndrome parameters. A 12-month, randomized, single-blinded, diet-controlled study was conducted on 124 obese participants in the University Hospital Dubrava. Participants were assigned to the MD (n = 63) or the SHD (n = 61) and received the same amount of nutritional education and guidance on physical activity. The complet...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, chronic restraint stress may induce esophageal fibrosis by accumulating ROS and increasing fibrotic gene expression in a murine model. PMID: 31316626 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Luo Y, Zheng M, Zhang Y, He S, Zhang L, Sun H, Liu X, Tan T, Zhu H, He J Abstract Patients with familial hypercholesterolemia usually present with high levels of serum low-density lipoprotein, xanthomas and early coronary artery disease. A 13 years old female patient was admitted to Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University presenting symptoms of heart failure. Laboratory tests showed that her cholesterol and low-density lipid levels were extremely high. Electrocardiogram test revealed that she had sinus tachycardia, QT lengthening and ST-T change. Multiple cardiac function abnormalities were dia...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Svetlana Nedić, SlobodankaVakanjac, Marko Samardžija, Sunčica BorozanAbstractThe aim of this study was to determine serum lipid values and parameters of oxidative stress in blood and milk of cows with subclinical mastitis (SCM) caused by Staphylococcus aureus and to establish association between these parameters. The study was performed on total of 104 cows assigned into control group of healthy animals (n = 12) and two groups of cows with SCM, either SCM1 group (n = 37) with ˂ 1000 CFU/mL of S. aureus or SCM2 grou...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Authors: Chen Q, Zhang Y, Li S, Chen S, Lin X, Li C, Asakawa T Abstract Cholelithiasis is a major public health concern that necessitates highly effective, feasible, and recurrence-preventing therapies. Currently available surgical treatments and medications cannot effectively avoid the recurrence of cholelithiasis. Hence, several Chinese herbal compounds (CHCs) are considered for the treatment of cholelithiasis, considering that they can effectively discharge gallstones and prevent the recurrence of such condition. In the present narrative review, we aim to summarize the underlying mechanisms of currently used CHC...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Introduction: Statins are prescribed for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), along with the recommendation of adopting healthy diets. This stufy aimed to evaluate the independent and the combined effect of statins and Mediterranean diet (MD) towards mortality risk in subjects with previous CVD by using real-life data from a population-based prospective cohort. We performed a longitudinal analysis on 1,180 subjects (mean age 67.7 ± 10) with prior CVD at enrollment in the Moli-sani study and followed up for 7.9 years (median).
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
This study sought to determine the prevalence of CHS categories in a nationally representative sample of Venezuelan adults.MethodsEVESCAM (Venezuelan Study of Cardio-Metabolic Health) was a national population-based, cross-sectional, randomized cluster sampling study performed from July 1, 2014 to January 31, 2017, which assessed 3,454 adults, age ≥20 years, with a response rate of 77.3%. The American Heart Association's CHS evaluates 4 behaviors (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and diet) and 3 risk factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose), assigning 1 point to those meting an ideal be...
Source: Global Heart - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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