Effects of medicinal plant powder as feed additives on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and immune response of Coturnix japonica against avian influenza and Newcastle disease vaccine virus

AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of different levels ofGracilaria corticata (Gracilaria),Sargassum cristaefolium (Sargassum),Rhus coriaria (sumac), andPunica granatum (pomegranate) peel powdered on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and immune responses of Japanese quails against avian influenza and Newcastle disease killed vaccine virus. A total of 360 one-day-old Japanese quails were randomly distributed into nine dietary treatments with 4 replicates (10 quail/rep). Control group (C) received the diet free of medicinal plants supplementation and the other eight treatments received, 0.5 and 2% medicinal plants and algae-dried powder in diet for the 15  days at the end of experiment (in days 27–42). Live body weight, feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass characteristics, and immune response evidences were recorded.G.corticata,S.cristafolium,R.coriaria, andP.granatum peel had significant (p 
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Authors: Erat T, Özdemir H, Taşkınoğlu T, İnce E, Çiftçi E Abstract Influenza is an important cause of respiratory illness in children and is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The influenza virus subtypes determine the prevalence of the epidemic and pandemic influenza, the hospitalization and mortality rates in children each year. Surveillance of the circulation of different influenza virus strains is important in ensuring a good strain con-cordance for the composition of the annual influenza vaccine. The Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network® (GIHS...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
In this study we compared the antibody responses in humans after vaccination with an AS03-adjuvanted versus nonadjuvanted H5N1 avian influenza virus inactivated vaccine. Healthy young adults received two doses of either formulation 3 wk apart. We found that AS03 significantly enhanced H5...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biological Sciences Source Type: research
Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Automated systems for high-input data collection and data storage have led to exponential growth in the availability of information. Such datasets and the tools applied to them have been referred to as 'big data'. Starting with a systematic review of the terms 'informatics, bioinformatics and big data' in animal health this special issue of AHRR illustrates some big-data applications with papers on how the use of various omics methods may be used to facilitate the development of improved diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines for foodborne pathogens in poultry and on how a better understanding of rumen m...
Source: Animal Health Research Reviews - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Anim Health Res Rev Source Type: research
Timm Harder Avian influenza virus (AIV) remains a huge challenge for poultry production with negative repercussions for micro- and macro-economy and public health in Bangladesh. High (HP) H5N1 and low pathogenicity (LP) H9N2 AIV are currently endemic in poultry, and both have been reported to infect humans sporadically. Multiple virus introductions of different clades of HPAIV H5N1, reassorted genotypes, and on-going diversification of LPAIV H9N2 create a highly volatile virological environment which potentially implicates increased virulence, adaptation to new host species, and subsequent zoonotic transmission. Allo...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In conclusion, DNA vaccination with pVAX1-H9 and pCR-H9 could protect turkey from the H9N2 virus, but vaccination regimes need to be improved. PMID: 32663531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Publication date: Available online 25 June 2020Source: Veterinary Immunology and ImmunopathologyAuthor(s): Bahram Shojadoost, Khaled Taha-Abdelaziz, Tamiru Negash Alkie, Alexander Bekele-Yitbarek, Neda Barjesteh, Adrianna Laursen, Trevor K. Smith, Janan Shojadoost, Shayan Sharif
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Sentinel surveillance of acute hospitalisations in response to infectious disease emergencies such as the 2009 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic is well described, but recognition of its potential to supplement routine public health surveillance and provide scalability for emergency responses has been limited. We summarise the achievements of two national paediatric hospital surveillance networks relevant to vaccine programmes and emerging infectious diseases in Canada (Canadian Immunization Monitoring Program Active; IMPACT from 1991) and Australia (Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance; PAEDS from 2007) and discu...
Source: Eurosurveillance - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Influenza A and B viruses cause seasonal worldwide influenza epidemics each winter, and are a major public health concern and cause of morbidity and mortality. A substantial reduction in influenza-related deaths can be attributed to both vaccination and administration of oseltamivir (OS), which is approved for oral administration and inhibits viral neuraminidase (NA), a transmembrane protein. OS carboxylate (OSC), the active form of OS, is formed by the action of endogenous esterase, which targets NA and is shown to significantly reduce influenza-related deaths. However, the development of resistance in v...
Source: Drug Discovery Today - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Drug Discov Today Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2020Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Abdelfattah H. Eladl, Samah M. Mosad, Reham A. El-Shafei, Rasha M. Saleh, Hanaa S. Ali, Basma M. Badawy, Mohamed F. Elshal
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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