Policies against drinking during pregnancy may actually be HARMFUL to babies

A new study, led by the University of California San Francisco, has found that alcohol and pregnancy policies result in more premature births as well as babies born with low-birth weights.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Related Links:

This study analyses the differences in birth outcomes between Roma and non-Roma mothers and investigates the potential causes of such differences. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1,989 non-Roma and 799 Roma mothers who gave birth in 2014 and 2015 at the Gynaecology and Obstetrics Clinic of Louis Pasteur University Hospital in Košice. Data on mothers and new-born infants have been obtained from the birth book and from the reports on mothers at childbirth. For low birth weight we considered the weight of a new-born weighing less than 2,500 grams and as for premature birth we referred to child...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Policies regarding alcohol use during pregnancy continue to be enacted and debated in the United States. However, no study to date has examined whether these policies are related to birth outcomes, the outcomes they ultimately aim to improve. Here we assessed whether state-level policies targeting alcohol use during pregnancy are related to birth outcomes, which has not been done comprehensively before. METHODS: Secondary analyses of birth certificate data from N=148,048,208 United States singleton births between 1972-2013. Exposures were indicators of whether the following eight policies...
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
is the leading cause of prenatal morbidity and some studies showed that prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke is a risk factor for respiratory infections, asthma, allergy, childhood cancer, and it has neurobehavioral consequences regarding children's health.The aims of our studies consist in the assessment of the demographic factors and to evaluate smoking behavior in a group of pregnant women smoking and nonsmoking. Data was collected with the use of a questionnaire, conceived by a primary pulmonologist that assessed multiple risks factors during pregnancy (applied by trained junior doctors under the supervision of qualifie...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, Smoking Control and Health Education Source Type: research
A new review of several existing studies hints that small amounts of alcohol may slightly boost the risk of premature birth and low birth weight.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion The results of this review found that low-to-moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy was linked with a slightly increased risk of having a baby small for gestational age. However, there was no evidence for any other links, including any difference in the average birth weight of babies born to drinkers and non-drinkers. There are some important limitations of the research to note: • The evidence still doesn't prove that drinking directly increases the risk of a baby born small for gestational age. Studies were observational and varied widely in accounting for the extensive number of confounding fa...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Source Type: news
Abstract BACKGROUND: this study aimed to (1) assess the prevalence, and demographic features of women with a history of mental illness during pregnancy and childbirth, (2) investigate maternal and perinatal outcomes in relation to mental illness and substance use, and (3) determine the effects of maternal characteristics, history of mental illness and substance use on birth outcomes. METHODS: the records of 22,193 pregnant women who gave birth at one tertiary level health service comprising three maternity settings in Victoria, Australia from 2009 to 2011 were reviewed.Univariate comparisons for socio-demogra...
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
AbstractSTUDY QUESTIONWhat is the impact of preconception lifestyle interventions on live birth, birth weight and pregnancy rate?SUMMARY ANSWERLifestyle interventions showed benefits for weight loss and increased natural pregnancy rate, but not for live birth or birth weight.WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADYEvidence on the practice and content of preconception counseling and interventions is variable and limited.STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATIONSystematic review and meta-analysis (MA). Main search terms were those related to preconception lifestyle. Database searched were Ovid MEDLINE(R), EBM Reviews, PsycINFO, EMBASE and CINAHL Plus. No l...
Source: Human Reproduction - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
By Christopher Welsh, MD Women have some unique challenges when it comes to alcohol, tobacco and drug use and misuse. These differences are based on both biology and culturally defined expectations of women. Hormonal changes, the menstrual cycle, fertility issues, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause can all impact a woman’s use of substances. Women often use smaller amounts of a substance for shorter amounts of time before developing a problem. They also may have greater physical problems from their substance misuse. Alcohol, tobacco and drug use during pregnancy can present significant problems for both the ...
Source: Life in a Medical Center - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Health Tips Source Type: blogs
Conclusion This study aimed to see whether smoking in pregnancy is linked with some traits of ASD in the smoker's grandchildren. Although this was based on a large cohort of children, the results give quite a confusing and inconclusive picture. To be frank, the study raised more questions than it answered. Maternal grandmother smoking was linked with ASD traits only in girls (in whom ASD is less common in any case) – and then only if their own mother did not smoke. When looking at actual diagnosed cases of autism, the link was only found in boys. The study had some important limitations to consider: Most of the dat...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Neurology Mental health Genetics/stem cells Source Type: news
Both children born with low and high weight may be at increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Related items fromOnMedica Both birth weight and adult lifestyle raise diabetes risk Genetically caused low birthweight linked to diabetes risk Pregnancy BMI has little impact on children ’s fatness Low birthweight linked to higher mortality right up to adolescence Premature babies may have higher risk of mental health problems
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
More News: Alcoholism | Babies | Health | Perinatology & Neonatology | Pregnancy | Premature Birth | Study