Sodium –glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors in Heart Failure: Potential Mechanisms of Action, Adverse Effects and Future Developments

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains a major cardiovascular (CV) risk factor1 –5 and it confers an approximately two- to threefold fold excess risk for coronary heart disease, including MI, stroke and heart failure (HF) in patients with and in patients without established cardiovascular disease (CVD).1,6 –8 The prevalence of T2D among patients with HF is as high as 40 –45% and that of HF in patients with T2D is reported to be 10–23%.8 Patients wit
Source: Radcliffe Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

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In conclusion, cancer survivors, especially older individuals, demonstrate greater odds of and accelerated functional decline, suggesting that cancer and/or its treatment may alter aging trajectories. Linking Particulate Air Pollution and Dementia in a Small Region of the US https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/08/linking-particulate-air-pollution-and-dementia-in-a-small-region-of-the-us/ It is fairly settled that evident particulate air pollution, such as daily exposure to smoke from wood-fueled cooking fires, has a strongly detrimental effect on long-term health. The mechanisms involved are inflamm...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe Ochsner model overestimated 5-year CHD risk, but had relatively higher calibration than the other models in CHD. Risk equations fitted for local populations improved cardiovascular risk stratification for patients with T2DM. Application of machine learning simplified the models compared to “generalized” risk equations.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, iMSC-sEVs could rejuvenate the senescence of NPCs and attenuate the development of IVDD. Cell Signaling via Exosomes in the Development of Vascular Calcification https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/05/cell-signaling-via-exosomes-in-the-development-of-vascular-calcification/ Vascular calcification is a feature of aging, a process in which cells in the blood vessel wall take on inappropriate identities and activities that are more appropriate to bone tissue. Evidence of recent years implicates chronic inflammation and the presence of senescent cells in this process. Senescent cells caus...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe burden of CVD among patients with T2DM, combined with the elevated costs of care, highlights the importance of early prevention as part of integrated management of the disease to improve clinical and economic outcomes.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the MR exhibited the protective effects against age-related behavioral disorders, which could be partly explained by activating circulating FGF21 and promoting mitochondrial biogenesis, and consequently suppressing the neuroinflammation and oxidative damages. These results demonstrate that FGF21 can be used as a potential nutritional factor in dietary restriction-based strategies for improving cognition associated with neurodegeneration disorders. Senescent T Cells Cause Changes in Fat Tissue that are Harmful to Long-Term Health https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/04/senescent-t-cells-cause-...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsMajor vascular complications, connective tissue disease, and depression are associated with considerably worse HRQoL. These health utility estimates can facilitate health economic evaluations to determine cost ‐effective strategies for diabetes management.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea is very common and is associated with a variety of serious health issues, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Getting a proper diagnosis is hampered by the need for patients to visit a sleep clinic and undergo a polys...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiology Diagnostics Exclusive Medicine Source Type: blogs
In this study, we sought to elucidate the role of VRK-1 in regulation of adult life span in C. elegans. We found that overexpression of VRK-1::GFP (green fluorescent protein), which was detected in the nuclei of cells in multiple somatic tissues, including the intestine, increased life span. Conversely, genetic inhibition of vrk-1 decreased life span. We further showed that vrk-1 was essential for the increased life span of mitochondrial respiratory mutants. We demonstrated that VRK-1 was responsible for increasing the level of active and phosphorylated form of AMPK, thus promoting longevity. A Fisetin Variant, C...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Meta-analyses of all glucose-lowering RCTs involving patients with diabetes provide precise estimates of benefits for CHD and major cardiovascular events after consideration of the resulting ongoing BP difference. No benefit or harm on mortality, heart failure and stroke were noticed, while discontinuations related to adverse events because of treatment were increased following glucose-lowering. The extent of glucose-lowering is proportionally related to changes of CHD and stroke composite, and treatment-related discontinuations.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
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