The influence of ACYP2 polymorphisms on gastrointestinal cancer susceptibility in the Chinese Han population

ConclusionOur study suggested that polymorphisms ofACYP2 gene might be associated with susceptibility to GI cancer.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Heejin Bang, Soomin Ahn, Eun Ji Kim, Seung Tae Kim, Ha Young Park, Jeeyun Lee, Kyoung-Mee KimABSTRACTRapamycin-insensitive companion of mTOR (RICTOR) is a key component of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2), and promotes cellular proliferation and survival through the activation of downstream AGC kinase family members. The amplification of RICTOR has been proposed as a therapeutically relevant genomic alteration. However, other than next-generation sequencing, precise diagnostic methods to detect RICT...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of early oral feeding (EOF) for patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. The EOF protocol was implemented in 397 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy between 2005 and 2014 at our hospital. The protocol was common in 277 patients after distal gastrectomy (DG) and 120 patients after total gastrectomy (TG). The patients were scheduled to start drinking water in the morning of the first postoperative day and to start thin rice gruel with a liquid nutrition supplement on the second postoperative day. We analyzed the incidence of postoperative complicat...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the developed UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS method with high sensitivity and resolution is suitable for identifying and characterizing the chemical constituents of XAJDD in vitro and characterizing the primary components and their metabolites in vivo; moreover, the results will provide essential data for further studying the relationship between the chemical components and pharmacological activity of XAJDD.
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
PMID: 31709497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
rgiejczyk The present study investigated the magnitude and mechanism of the cytotoxic effect on selected cancer cell lines of 3,4-seco-urs-4(23),20(30)-dien-3-oic acid (1), 3,4-seco-olean-4(24)-en-19-oxo-3-oic acid (2), and 3,4-seco-urs-4(23),20(30)-dien-19-ol-3-oic acid (3) isolated from downy birch (Betula pubescens) buds by carbon dioxide supercritical fluid extraction and gradient column chromatography. Cell viability in six human cancer lines exposed to these compounds was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis was quantified by annexin V/propidium iodide ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
One April, Mayo Clinic oncologist Gerardo Colon-Otero, M.D., found himself the bearer of good and bad news. The good news was that he had discovered the cause of his patient's severe stomach aches. The bad news was that the culprit was a tumor the size of a tennis ball, lodged in the patient's pancreas. To make matters [...]
Source: Mayo Clinic Research News - Category: Research Source Type: news
In this study, we found that miR-452 was highly expressed in both tumor tissue and gastric cancer cells, and could directly target the cancer suppressor gene EPB41L3 3′-UTR. miR-452 significantly promoted the proliferation, migration and the S-phase arrest of gastric cancer cells, but EPB41L3 as a downstream target gene of miR-452 reversed such promoting effect. While down-regulation of miR-452 expression significantly inhibited the malignant biological behavior of gastric cancer cells, but this inhibitory effect was reversed by EPB41L3 siRNA. In addition, miR-452 in the gastric cancer xenograft model in nude mice co...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
For early diagnosis and treatment of invasive candidiasis (IC), the well-known risk factors may not apply in the intensive care unit (ICU). This retrospective study identified the risk factors predicting IC and candidemia in cancer patients under intensive care after gastrointestinal surgery. Enrolled were 229 cancer patients admitted to our oncology surgical ICU after gastrointestinal surgery between January 1, 2010 and October 31, 2014. The most common types of solid gastrointestinal cancers were gastric (49.8%), colon (20.1%), and esophageal (18.3%). The percentage of patients with corrected Candida colonization index...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Publication date: November–December 2019Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 24, Issue 6Author(s): Haruka Oi, Satoshi Yamamoto, Yoshiharu Kono, Yukiyoshi MasakiAbstractLymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is histologically similar in form to nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and is an epithelial tumor that is suggested to be involved in infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but it is rare to occur in the colon. A 35-year-old woman was found to have a rectal wall thickening by follow-up computed tomography (CT) image after sigmoidectomy and left salpingo-oophorectomy. Biopsy under colonos...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Rafoxanide is commonly used as anti-helminthic medicine in veterinary medicine, a main compound of salicylanilide. Previous studies have reported that rafoxanide, as an inhibitor of BRAF V600E mutant protein, inhibits the growth of colorectal cancer, multiple myeloma, and skin cancer. However, its therapeutic effect on gastric cancer (GC) and the potential mechanism has not been investigated. Here, we have found that rafoxanide inhibited the proliferation of GC cells in vitro, arrested the cell cycle in the G0/G1 phase, and promoted apoptosis and autophagy in GC cells. Treatment with specific autophagy in...
Source: Experimental Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Exp Cell Res Source Type: research
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