Update on Chemoreception
We examine recent findings that have revealed interdependence of function within the chemoreceptor pathway regulating breathing and sympathetic vasomotor activity and the hypersensitization of these reflexes in chronic disease states. Recommendations are made as to how these states of hyperreflexia in chemoreceptors and muscle afferents might be modified in treating sleep apnea, drug-resistant hypertension, chronic heart failure –induced sympathoexcitation, and the exertional dyspnea of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Respiratory Physiology &NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Daniela Rodrigues Andrade, Kelly Critine Pinto, Julia Sampel de Castro, Daniela Kuguimoto Andaku, Viviani Aparecida Lara, Fabio Augusto de Luca, Carlos Gun, Felipe Augusto Rodrigues Mendes, Mayron F. Oliveira, Wladimir Musetti Medeiros
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Respiratory Physiology &NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Alessandra Magini, Mauro Contini, Emanuele Spadafora, Anna Apostolo, Elisabetta Salvioni, Simone Barbieri, Susanna Sciomer, Daniele Andreini, Fabrizio Veglia, Gerald S. Zavorsky, Piergiuseppe Agostoni
In conclusion, CRT improved non-uniformity of wall thickening between the LV septal and lateral regions evaluated using QGS, which is predictive of better prognosis in the chronic phase after CRT. PMID: 32493869 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Jiancheng Zhang, Dan Xu, Bing Xie, Yujing Zhang, Haiyan Huang, Hongmei Liu, Huaqi Chen, Yongbo Sun, You Shang, Kenji Hashimoto, Shiying Yuan
Thrombocytopenia is a consequence of portal hypertension and is the most common hematological manifestation of chronic liver disease (CLD) (ie, cirrhosis). Data indicates the rates of CLD are increasing and, as a result, so will the incidence of this complication. Although bleeding risks are only relevant when elective procedures are performed, this is a frequent concern as these procedures are commonly part of the spectrum of care for patients with cirrhosis. As such, thrombocytopenia remains a pertinent issue. Fortunately, we now have effective and accurate treatment modalities to raise platelet counts before scheduled p...
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of preoperative prescription opioid, sedative, and antidepressant use on postoperative outcomes following colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This study was a retrospective database and medical record review. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at University of Kentucky utilizing the local American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database. PATIENTS: All patients ≥18 years of age who underwent colorectal resection for all indications, excluding trauma, between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2016, were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The prim...
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE drastically increases a person's risk of catastrophic consequences from catching coronavirus. And hypertension - as it is medically referred to - is more prevalent than people realise.
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Journal of Dental SciencesAuthor(s): Shahram Hamedani, Nima Farshidfar
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Sébastien Hascoet, Angèle Boet, Régine Roussin, Julien Guihaire, Laurent Savale, Olaf Mercier, Elie Fadel
No abstract available