Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens in outdoor dogs in Tehran Province, Iran

AbstractDirofilaria immitis andDirofilaria repens are the most common species of filarial nematodes described in dogs, which are endemic in Iran. The diagnosis of canine dirofilariosis is usually based upon the microscopical detection and identification of circulating microfilariae together with ELISA detection of serum circulating heartworm antigens or antibodies. The identification of the parasite species using the traditional approaches sometimes can lead to misdiagnosis. As a zoonotic disease, it is important to know the prevalence ofDirofilaria in Tehran that is the most crowded province with many outdoor and stray dogs in suburb areas. In this paper, we used modified Knott ’s test and a single-step multiplex PCR to detect and differentiateD. immitis andD. repens. Blood samples were collected from 311 outdoor dogs from March to August 2017. A total of 28.35% of dogs were positive by PCR in which 2.3% and 26% wereD. immitis andD. repens, respectively. The highest incidence of infection was between 1 and 2.5  years old age. No sex predilection was observed. In the west of Tehran, prevalence ofD. repens was statistically more than the other areas (p 
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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AbstractMycoplasma ovis (formerlyEperythrozoon ovis) is an epierythrocytic parasitic bacterium of small ruminants known as haemotropic mycoplasma, which is transmitted mechanically by biting flies and contaminated instruments. Acute mycoplasmosis causes severe haemolytic anaemia and mortality in young animals. At the same time, chronic disease may produce mild anaemia and varying degrees of morbidity depending on several factors, including age, reproductive status, the plane of nutrition, immunological status and the presence of concurrent infection. HaemotropicMycoplasma ovis is currently recognised as an emerging zoonoti...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Being a zoonotic parasitic disease, schistosomiasis was widely spread in 12 provinces of Southern China in the 1950s, severly harming human health and hindering economic development. The National Institute of Parasitic Diseases at the Chinese Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, and Chinese Center for Tropical Diseases Research (NIPD-CTDR), as the only professional institution focussing on parasitic diseases at the national level, has played an important role in schistosomiasis control in the country. In this article, we look back at the changes of schistosomiasis endemicity and the contribution of...
Source: Advances in Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Adv Parasitol Source Type: research
Answer toParasite Case of the Week 593:Strongyloides fuelleborniThis fascinating zoonotic parasite is endemic to parts of sub-Saharan Africa and infects both human and non-human primates. It is likely under-reported, which may be due to the resemblance of its eggs to those of the hookworms. Unlike hookworm eggs which are shed in an unembryonated state, the eggs ofS. fuellebornitypically contain fully-developed larvae.Similar appearing eggs with larvae may also be seen with heavy infections withStrongyloides stercoralis; however, the eggs are seen in conjunction with larvae, and occasionally adult worms, which are not seen ...
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, it appears that E. granulosus s.s. and E. canadensis (G6/7) are circulating in the northwestern region of Pakistan. Further molecular epidemiological studies are needed to explore the local genetic diversity of the parasite. PMID: 32473988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
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Source: Advances in Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Adv Parasitol Source Type: research
o RH, Schijman AG Abstract Kinetoplastids are a group of flagellated protozoa that infect a vast repertoire of mammals and insect vectors. From a zoonotic point of view, domestic animals are critical reservoirs for transmission of Kinetoplastidean parasites. Due to their proximity to humans, they assume substantial epidemiological importance in the context of these zoonoses and consequently in public health. Their reliable identification is relevant to understand their eco-epidemiological involvement in transmission cycles. This work aimed to develop an algorithm based on sequential Real-Time PCR (qPCR) assays tar...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
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Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Fascioliasis is a snail-borne zoonotic trematodiasis emerging due to climate changes, anthropogenic environment modifications, and livestock movements. Many areas where Fasciola hepatica is endemic in humans have...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease causing serious health problems in both humans and animals in different endemic regions across the world. There are two different forms of human echinococcosis: C...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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