Mammalian Target of Rapamycin at the Crossroad Between Alzheimer's Disease and Diabetes.

Mammalian Target of Rapamycin at the Crossroad Between Alzheimer's Disease and Diabetes. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1128:185-225 Authors: Liang H, Nie J, Van Skike CE, Valentine JM, Orr ME Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that Alzheimer's disease may manifest as a metabolic disorder with pathology and/or dysfunction in numerous tissues. Adults with Alzheimer's disease suffer with significantly more comorbidities than demographically matched Medicare beneficiaries (Zhao et al, BMC Health Serv Res 8:108, 2008b). Reciprocally, comorbid health conditions increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (Haaksma et al, PLoS One 12(5):e0177044, 2017). Type 2 diabetes mellitus is especially notable as the disease shares many overlapping pathologies observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease, including hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia, inflammation, and cognitive dysfunction, as described in Chap. 8 of this book (Yoshitake et al, Neurology 45(6):1161-1168, 1995; Leibson et al, Am J Epidemiol 145(4):301-308, 1997; Ott et al, Neurology 53(9):1937-1942, 1999; Voisin et al, Rev Med Interne 24(Suppl 3):288s-291s, 2003; Janson et al. Diabetes 53(2):474-481, 2004; Ristow M, J Mol Med (Berl) 82(8):510-529, 2004; Whitmer et al, BMJ 330(7504):1360, 2005, Curr Alzheimer Res 4(2):103-109, 2007; Ohara et al, Neurology 77(12):1126-1134, 2011). Although nondiabetic older adults also experience age-related cognitive ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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More than a third of patients with diabetes don't take their drugs as prescribed, sometimes because of cost concerns.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Tony Kirby
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Vincent C. WooAbstractAdults with type 2 diabetes mellitus can benefit from pharmacotherapies that lower their risk for cardiovascular disease. This review describes the salient findings from sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor cardiovascular outcome trials that serendipitously revealed the cardiorenal benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who either have established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. It also summarizes the findings from other phase 3 cl...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Jangho Lee, Ju-Yong Hyon, Jin Young Min, Yang Hoon Huh, Hyo Jung Kim, Hayoung Lee, Sung Ho Yun, Chi-Won Choi, Su Jeong Ha, Joon Park, Young-Ho Chung, Hye Gwang Jeong, Sang Keun Ha, Sung Keun Jung, YoonSook Kim, Eun Hee HanAbstractDiabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in the world. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of DN via multifactorial mechanisms including the generation of oxidative stress and overproduction of various growth factors an...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Karan Naresh Amin, Elango Bhakkiyalakshmi, Jayasuriya Ravichandran, D.V.L. Sarada, Ramkumar Kunka MohanramAbstractEndothelial dysfunction (ED) is a key event in the onset and progression of vascular complications associated with diabetes. Regulation of endothelial function and the underlying signaling mechanisms in the progression of diabetes-induced vascular complications have been well established. Recent studies indicate that increased oxidative stress is an important determinant of endothelial injury and patients with hyperten...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
(CNN/CBS) — At least 1,300 people have died from the flu so far this season, according to a preliminary estimate released Friday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There have been at least 2.6 million flu illnesses and 23,000 flu-related hospitalizations, according to the analysis. So far this season, the CDC has received reports of 10 children who have died from the flu, four more than the week before. Experts have warned that flu is hitting the United States early this year, and there are concerns that this early season could mean a particularly severe season overall. Flu spread significantly in ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Flu Source Type: news
It's Official, Hahn Will Lead FDA The U.S. Senate voted 72-18 to confirm Stephen Hahn, MD, as the new FDA Commissioner. The news has been well received by industry advocacy groups like AdvaMed and professional societies like the American Heart Association. Hahn is a radiation oncologist who specializes in treating lung cancer and sarcoma.   3M Calls It Quits on Drug Delivery The company plans to sell most of its drug-delivery business to an affiliate of Altaris Capital Partners for $650 million plus a 17% noncontrolling interest...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Source Type: news
ConclusionRhabdomyolysis is an independent risk factor for early AKI and closely related to the severity of early AKI in critically ill burned patients. Although with a high incidence of early AKI in severely burned patients, most of them are mild. Early adequate fluid resuscitation, timely and effective escharotomy, reducing the incidence and severity of rhabdomyolysis, most of them can achieve a relatively good prognosis.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
ConclusionThese findings suggest that Ag1+ may contribute to negative outcomes after burns, decreasing the primary defense mechanism (respiratory burst) and altering cytokine production.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the incidence of ischemic heart disease and death were three times higher among men with low birth weight compared to men with high birth weight (5). Epidemiological investigations of adults born at the time of the Dutch famine between 1944 and 1945 revealed an association between maternal starvation and a low infant birth weight with a high incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in these adults (23). Furthermore, Painter et al. reported the incidence of early onset coronary heart disease among persons conceived during the Dutch famine (24). In that regard, Barker's findin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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