Patient Body Mass Index (BMI) Knowledge in a Rural Primary Care Population

Conclusion: In this cross-sectional cohort study, it was found that patients' knowledge about BMI and weight-related risk factors has increased modestly. However, despite the increase in patients' knowledge and discussions about BMI with their primary care physician, there was not a decrease in BMI. Future studies are needed to provide more detailed information about the discussion between patients and providers in relation to the patient's personal weight status.
Source: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

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In this study, predictors of LOS were identified using a survival model that considered age as a continuous variable, separate comorbidities, and the discharge destination. Our findings are consistent with earlier reports and confirm the strong associations linking LOS to diabetes, day of surgery, and discharge destination in France. We also identified predictors of discharge to rehabilitation and of readmission within 30 days.Level of evidenceIV, retrospective observational cohort study.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 112Author(s): Elizabeth A. Bemis, Jill M. Norris, Jennifer Seifert, Ashley Frazer-Abel, Yuko Okamoto, Marie L. Feser, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Kevin D. Deane, Nirmal K. Banda, V. Michael HolersAbstractRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex autoimmune disease with an etiology that is not yet well understood, disproportionally affects women and also varies in incidence and prevalence by population. The presence of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) is a highly specific biomarker for the diagnosis of clinically apparent RA. ACPA are also present in the ...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Although the life-course concept of risk markers as potential etiological influences is well established in epidemiology, it has not featured in academic publications or clinical practice in the context of chronic widespread pain (CWP) and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Studies of risk markers are required considerations for evaluation of patients and for research because there is no single cause, pathological feature, laboratory finding, or biomarker for CWP or FMS. The early-life risk markers identified by extensive literature review with best evidence for potential causal influence on the development and...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): P.N. Soares, R.A. Miranda, T.C. Peixoto, F.A.H. Caramez, D.G. Sabino, A.C. Manhães, E. de Oliveira, E.G. de Moura, P.C. LisboaAbstractAimsMaternal smoking is considered a risk factor for childhood obesity. In a rat model of tobacco exposure during breastfeeding, we previously reported hyperphagia, overweight, increased visceral fat and hyperleptinemia in adult female offspring. Obesity and eating disorders are associated with impairment in the endocannabinoid (EC) and dopaminergic (DA) systems. Considering that women are prone to eating d...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Kubota M Abstract Recent evidence suggests that hyperuricemia is an important condition in children and adolescents, particularly in association with noncommunicable diseases. This review aims to summarize our current understanding of this condition in pediatric patients. An analysis of serum uric acid reference values in a healthy population indicates that they increase gradually with age until adolescence, with differences between the sexes arising at about 12 years of age. This information should be taken into consideration when defining hyperuricemia in studies. Gout is extremely rare in childre...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research
Conclusions The SIT intervention increased total lean mass, decreased fat mass, and increased aerobic fitness of postmenopausal women after only 8 h of actual exercise over 8 wk.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Authors: Kwon YD, Ko KO, Lim JW, Cheon EJ, Song YH, Yoon JM Abstract BACKGROUND: Transient elastography (FibroScan®) is a non-invasive and rapid method for assessing liver fibrosis. While the feasibility and usefulness of FibroScan® have been proven in adults, few studies have focused on pediatric populations. We aimed to determine the feasibility and usefulness of FibroScan® in Korean children. METHODS: FibroScan® examinations were performed in 106 children (age, 5-15 years) who visited the Konyang University Hospital between June and September 2018. Liver steatosis was measured in terms of the...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions:Modeling neck circumference while allowing for differences by Mallampati class showed a nearly threefold increase in the risk of SDB with increasing neck circumference in women with Mallampati class 1. Other potential sites of airway obstruction need to be investigated in future research.Citation:Bourjeily G, Chambers A, Salameh M, Bublitz MH, Kaur A, Coppa A, Risica P, Lambert-Messerlian G. Anthropometric measures and prediction of maternal sleep-disordered breathing.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(6):849–856.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsMusculoskeletal problems are the main occupational health problems experienced by the study group. New findings include a low but important prevalence of ultraviolet radiation–associated conditions. One in 3 guides have experienced significant psychological trauma, and one quarter of these had symptoms of PTSD.
Source: Wilderness and Environmental Medicine - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Safety Science, Volume 118Author(s): Dingzhou FeiAbstractEmotion is a state that combines people's feelings, thoughts, and behaviors and plays an important role in the communication between people. Emotional recognition is the automatic identification of a person's emotional state by acquiring a person's physiological or non-physiological signals to achieve a more friendly and natural human-computer interaction. Similarities between the spread of infectious diseases and behavioral phenomena have been observed in large social networks. Accordingly, a framework for the spread of social p...
Source: Safety Science - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
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