Utilization of Insecticide Treated Bed Nets (ITNs) among Caregivers of Children under Five Years in the Ho Municipality.

In this study, we examined the utilisation of ITN among caregivers of children under five years in Ho municipality of Ghana. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited 283 household representatives through a multistage sampling method. A questionnaire was used to collect the data and was analyzed using STATA version 14. Descriptive and inferential statistics were adopted in presenting the data. Results: Ownership of ITN was higher (80.7%) than its utilisation (41.7%). The age of caregiver was strongly associated with the utilisation of ITN (AOR=2.00, 95% CI=0.00, 0.02, p
Source: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: In addition to increasing predictive power, the new continuous urbanicity metric provided a clearer mechanistic understanding than the dichotomous urban/rural designations. Such designations often ignore urban-like, low-risk pockets within traditionally rural areas, as were found in Malawi, along with rural-like, potentially high-risk environments within urban areas. This method of characterizing urbanicity can be applied to other infectious disease processes in rapidly urbanizing contexts.PMID:34689786 | DOI:10.1186/s12936-021-03950-5
Source: Rural Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
A child health consultation at Obunga Dispensary in Homa Bay, one of the eight counties participating in the malaria vaccine pilot program. Credit: Joyce Chimbi/IPSBy Joyce ChimbiNairobi, Kenya, Oct 25 2021 (IPS) One morning in 2016, Lillian Nekesa’s 3-year-old woke up with flu-like classic symptoms of malaria. This was not Kevin’s first encounter with the killer disease. Kevin was nonetheless not immediately rushed to Busia County Referral Hospital for advanced treatment in keeping with his severe symptoms. Nekesa rushed him to a village dispensary because the referral hospital is an hour’s walk away fr...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa COVID-19 Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Inequity TerraViva United Nations ​#Health​ #MalariaVaccine Kenya Source Type: news
This study provides relevant knowledge on malaria transmission dynamics by using a genomic approach to identify mosquito genes associated with susceptibility to Plasmodium infection in Ny. darlingi in western Amazonian Brazil.
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Malaria, caused by Plasmodium (P.) parasite species, poses a significant global health burden. There were 229 million malaria cases reported in 2019 and 95% of the 409,000 global malaria-caused fatalities occurred in sub-Saharan Africa (World Malaria Report 2020). Infection of the human host begins with a Plasmodium-infected mosquito bite that deposits sporozoites in the skin. Sporozoites enter blood vessels, are transported to the liver and invade hepatocytes. Within a hepatocyte, each sporozoite transforms into a liver stage (LS), which differentiates into tens of thousands of exo-erythrocytic merozoites.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Hepatology Snapshot Source Type: research
by Anja C. Schlott, Ellen Knuepfer, Judith L. Green, Philip Hobson, Aaron J. Borg, Julia Morales-Sanfrutos, Abigail J. Perrin, Catherine Maclachlan, Lucy M. Collinson, Ambrosius P. Snijders, Edward W. Tate, Anthony A. Holder We have combined chemical biology and genetic modification approaches to investigate the importance of protein myristoylation in the human malaria parasite,Plasmodium falciparum. Parasite treatment during schizogony in the last 10 to 15 hours of the erythrocytic cycle with IMP-1002, an inhibitor ofN-myristoyl transferase (NMT), led to a significant blockade in parasite egress from the infected erythro...
Source: PLoS Biology: Archived Table of Contents - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Radical cure of the Plasmodium vivax latent liver stage is required to effectively manage vivax malaria. Targeted mass treatment with primaquine may be an effective mechanism for reducing reservoirs of the diseas...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Acta Trop. 2021 Oct 20:106210. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2021.106210. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present paper aims to establish different treatments for neglected tropical disease by a survey on drug conjugations and possible fixed-dose combinations (FDC) used to obtain alternative, safer and more effective treatments. The source databases used were Science Direct and PubMed/Medline, in the intervals between 2015 and 2021 with the drugs key-words or diseases, like "schistosomiasis", "praziquantel", "malaria", "artesunate", "Chagas' disease", "benznidazole"...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Haemosporidioses are common in birds and their manifestations range from subclinical infections to severe disease, depending on the involved parasite and bird species. Clinical haemosporidioses are often obser...
Source: Malaria Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Malaria and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) co-infection can occur due to the overlapping geographical distributions of these diseases; however, only limited data of this co-infection have been reported and review...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis. 2021 Oct 12;2021:4258414. doi: 10.1155/2021/4258414. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDespite some cases of severe or critical manifestations of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) described among children, the prevalence of this infection in the pediatric population is quite low worldwide, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Current data suggest indeed that, independent of the population considered overall, severe and critical cases of COVID-19 are rare among children. This observation prompted us to discuss the possible hypotheses which could explain the low prevalence of COVID-19 among child...
Source: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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