Immunoregulatory properties of cell-free DNA in plasma of celiac disease patients - A pilot study.

Immunoregulatory properties of cell-free DNA in plasma of celiac disease patients - A pilot study. Autoimmunity. 2019 May 06;:1-7 Authors: Brynychova I, Zinkova A, Hoffmanova I, Korabecna M, Dankova P Abstract The elevated plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) concentrations were repeatedly reported in association with the process of inflammation. The qualitative and quantitative characteristics of plasma cfDNA in active (newly diagnosed) celiac disease patients (CD) have not yet been studied despite the fact that cfDNA of healthy individuals is able to regulate immune response. We determined the total cfDNA concentration and relative content of telomeric sequences in plasma cfDNA in CD (n = 10) and healthy age- and sex-matched controls (HC, n = 10) by quantitative PCR. To obtain the evidence that the observed biological effects are caused solely by cfDNA molecules, we applied the treatment of paired plasma samples with DNase. Using paired samples of plasma (non-treated/native and treated by DNase), we analyzed the contribution of cfDNA to the activation of TLR9 and TNF-α mRNA expression in THP1 monocytic cell line. There were no significant differences in the quantities of plasma cfDNA and relative contents of telomeric sequences in their pools. When we compared the levels of TNF-α mRNA expression in THP1 cells achieved after stimulation with native CD and HC plasma samples, we found significantly (p = .031) h...
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research

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Authors: Biagi F, Maimaris S, Vecchiato CG, Costetti M, Biagi G Abstract Gluten-sensitive enteropathy of the Irish Setter is an immune-mediated intolerance to gluten, the protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and oats, reminiscent of human celiac disease. Intestinal histological lesions include partial villous atrophy, infiltration of the lamina propria by lymphocytes and plasma cells, and an increased intraepithelial lymphocyte count. Gluten-sensitive enteropathy is transmitted via autosomal recessive inheritance and its pathogenesis appears to involve cell-mediated immunity but not humoral immunity. In comparison ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In this study, we compared different anesthesia and operation methods for modeling VX2 hepatocarcinoma in rabbits. Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: A, B, and C. Group A underwent ultrasound-guided implantation and intravenous anesthesia; Group B underwent ultrasound-guided implantation and inhalation anesthesia; Group C underwent laparotomy implantation and intravenous anesthesia. Anesthesia and operation differences were compared between groups A and B, and A and C, respectively. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess tumor formation and growth, and pathological examinat...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsTLILD2 could be a potential way to promote long-term survival of AEG patients. On the basis of the patterns of lymph nodes metastasis, we suggest that lower mediastinal and D2 celiac lymphadenectomy is necessary to improve the oncological outcome.
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Coeliac disease is a chronic and systemic autoimmune condition triggered by gluten ingestion in genetically predisposed subjects. Currently, the only effective treatment available is a strict, lifelong gluten-free diet. However, patients perceive gluten withdrawal as an unsustainable burden in their life and some of them can exhibit persistent symptoms despite a strict diet. Thus, gluten-free diet represents a challenge, leading scientists to look for alternative or complementary treatments. This review will focus on non-dietary therapies for coeliac disease highlighting six therapeutic strategies: (1) decreasing gluten im...
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Dana Carpender, friend and author of many low-carb cookbooks, provided this review of my new Revised &Expanded Wheat Belly, below. For more of Dana’s signature wit and conversation, you can join her on her engaging Facebook page “Hold the toast press” or visit her Amazon page that lists all her wonderful low-carb cookbooks. It’s funny how things happen. Nine years ago I had already been eating a low carbohydrate diet for 16 years. During that time I had occasionally eaten low carb tortillas and low carb bread. These things were hardly a staple of my diet, but I kept ’em around for the occ...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Open autoimmune joint pain wheat belly Source Type: blogs
Authors: Noori E, Kazemi B, Bandehpour M, Zali H, Khalesi B, Khalili S Abstract Coeliac disease (CD) is a chronic autoimmune disease that is characterized by malabsorption in sensitive individuals. CD is triggered by the ingestion of grains containing gluten. CD is concomitant with several other disorders, including dermatitis herpetiformis, selective IgA deficiency, thyroid disorders, diabetes mellitus, various connective tissue disorders, inflammatory bowel disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. The advent of high throughput technologies has provided a massive wealth of data which are processed in various omics scale...
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
Celiac disease is a common form of enteropathy with frequent extraintestinal manifestations (EIM). Misrecognition of these presentations may lead to significant delays in diagnosis. Any organ may be involved, either through an immune/inflammatory phenomenon, or nutritional deficiencies. Some EIM, such as gluten ataxia, may be irreversible if left untreated, but most will improve with a gluten-free diet. Knowledge of the various EIM, as well as the associated conditions which do not improve on a gluten-free diet, will avoid delays in the diagnosis and management of celiac disease and associated manifestations.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: CLINICAL REVIEWS Source Type: research
Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten and characterized by reversible small-bowel mucosal atrophy in genetically predisposed subjects. Although the prevalence of CD has increased, many aspects of this pathology are still unrecognized. Candida albicans, a commensal of the human gastrointestinal tract, has been linked to CD for a long time based, among others, upon the observation of similarity between the fungal wall component, hyphal wall protein 1, and CD-related gliadin T-cell epitopes. We have recently demonstrated that Candida may switch from commensal to pathogen conti...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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