The Global Role of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services: A Historical Perspective (HHS Only)

Please join Secretary Sebelius for this inaugural address of the Secretary’s Global Health and Human Services Lecture Series. Dr. Foege, whose history at HHS goes back to the early days of smallpox eradication, will speak about the Department’s evolving role in global health and the importance of our global work in protecting and advancing the health of Americans as well as all the world's citizens. Dr. Foege is a distinguished epidemiologist and civil servant who is credited with devising the global strategy that led to the eradication of smallpox in the 1970s—the first, and so far only, infectious disease of humans that has been eradicated by human undertakings—as well as the architect of the River Blindness eradication effort. In 2012, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama, the highest civilian award in the United States. Air date: 1/10/2013 3:00:00 PM
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video

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[Daily News] THE public has been advised to go on regular eye checkup and early treatment in case of symptoms to tame blindness and visual impairment.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
By Dr. Stephen A. Berger   Cynomolgus monkey, a known reservoir of the Monkeypox virus   WHAT IS MONKEYPOX? Monkeypox, as the name implies, is a disease of monkeys (unlike chickenpox – which has no relation to chickens). Although the condition is reported in a group of eleven African countries, the virus was first discovered in a laboratory in Denmark in 1958, when it was first isolated from cynomolgus monkeys. The signs and symptoms are similar to those of smallpox. Following a three-day prodrome of fever, headache, myalgia, and back pain, patients develop a papular rash in the face, extremities, and genit...
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Epidemiology News Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Three new topical glaucoma medications offer additional treatment options for patient with glaucoma. Further research is needed to better understand the utility of sustained release formulations in the treatment of glaucoma. PMID: 33019870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Seminars in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Semin Ophthalmol Source Type: research
To examine data from Delaware nursing homes to determine prevalence of age-related eye diseases (AREDs), vision impairment, and blindness and to compare the findings with the results of 11 US investigations of vision and eye health in nursing homes.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
To characterize internet search engine patterns of American internet users for common causes of blindness and low vision
Source: American Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The quality of life can be impacted negatively by blindness arising from cataract. The total prevalence of blindness in Kenya is estimated at 0.7%, however cataract contributes almost half (43%) of the total b...
Source: BMC Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Toxoplasmosis is one of the common chronic infections caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Even though its infection in healthy non-pregnant women is self-limited and largely asymptomatic, the main concern is the risk to the fetus by vertical transmission in pregnancy. Congenital toxoplasmosis can result in permanent neurological damage and even serious morbidity such as blindness. Screening programs are implemented in various countries depending on the prevalence and virulence of the parasite in the respective regions.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
This article is concerned with only the sex-linked form of essential hereditary color blindness. A model of a 'small' population is constructed to explore the dynamics of occurrence of color blindness. Different mutation rates are introduced for eggs and sperm. Birth and death rates of affected individuals are assumed to be the same as those in the unaffected. Simulation demonstrates that large changes in frequency occur randomly from the combined effects of mutation, transmission of genes from generation to generation and births and deaths. A reference is made to the hypothesis that observed differences in rates are due t...
Source: Twin Research and Human Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Twin Res Hum Genet Source Type: research
Discussion Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are common with an estimated 50% of the US population being infected by age 30, and with latent infection harboring in the trigeminal nerve in 100% of people by age 60 years. HSV infections can cause a vesicular or pustular skin rash that is painful, burning or pruritic and also flu-like symptoms with fever, chills, headache, and fatigue. HSV can also be asymptomatic. To laymen, herpes simplex viruses cause “cold sores,” but to health care personnel, herpes causes many systemic infections including eczema herpeticum, folliculitis, herpes gladiatorum, whitlow, e...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
by Michael Saheb Kashaf, Beatriz E. Mu ñoz, Harran Mkocha, Meraf A. Wolle, Fahd Naufal, Sheila K. West BackgroundTrachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness. Repeated or persistent ocular infection withChlamydia trachomatis in childhood leads to conjunctival scarring, usually in adulthood but often earlier in areas with greater disease burden. There are limited longitudinal data examining change in scarring in children, especially where trachoma rates are low. Methodology/Principal findingsA cohort of children, ages 1 –9 years, were randomly selected at baseline from 38 communities in Kongwa, Tanzani...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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