Transcriptome analysis identifies metallothionein as biomarkers to predict recurrence in hepatocellular cacinoma

ConclusionWe identified a group of Metallothionein genes as biomarkers to predict recurrence. The metallothionein genes were all down ‐regulated in tumor samples, suggesting that low metallothionein expression may be a promoter of tumor growth. In addition, using de novo assembly identified some unique biomarkers, further confirmed the necessity of conducting a de novo assembly in human cancer study.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Conclusions: While there is a certain overlap between the results of the current study and published transcriptomic profiles of non-transplanted livers with steatosis, we have identified discrete characteristics of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in liver grafts potentially utilizable for the establishment of predictive signature. Introduction Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in industrialized countries, its prevalence being estimated at 19–31.3% (1). It encompasses a range of conditions that are thought to arise from fatty liver (simple steatosis) throu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Joanna Mikulak1,2, Elena Bruni1,2, Ferdinando Oriolo1,2, Clara Di Vito1 and Domenico Mavilio1,2* 1Unit of Clinical and Experimental Immunology, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Milan, Italy 2Department of Medical Biotechnologies and Translational Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy The liver is considered a preferential tissue for NK cells residency. In humans, almost 50% of all intrahepatic lymphocytes are NK cells that are strongly imprinted in a liver-specific manner and show a broad spectrum of cellular heterogeneity. Hepatic NK (he-NK) cells play key roles in tuning liver immune response in b...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: IL-2 receptor expression demonstrated the highest diagnostic accuracy, while the peripheral eosinophil count was the only marker tested in more than one study. Presently, liver biopsy remains superior to noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers as most studies exhibited inferior designs, hindering possible translation into clinical application. Introduction Liver transplantation (LT) exhibits 20-year survival rates of up to 50% (1) and is of great clinical importance. LT is the treatment of choice for acute or acute-on-chronic liver failure, while organ replacement therapies are still waiting for the break (2)...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 90% of primary hepatic malignancies. With the exception of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), other etiologies of chronic liver disease require progression to cirrhosis before HCC development. Case reports have described HCC in noncirrhotic patients with hepatitis C (HCV) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Goal: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of patients without cirrhosis and CHB who developed HCC among a large cohort of HCC patients and to identify independent variables that are associated with no cirrhosis among patients with HCC. Study: Fr...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: There is predominance of male patients with a mean age of 58.3 years. Degree ≤ II is the most frequent to the Edmondson-Steiner histological classification in the evaluated casuistic. HCV, ALD and NAFLD is the most common etiological agents found in the study. The (high) underestimated prevalence of NAFLD in the pre-transplanted patients is due to the fact that all patients presented cirrhosis, masking NAFLD signals. PMID: 30360608 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most frequent cancer worldwide and the second cause of cancer-related deaths.[1] The vast majority of cases develop in patients with chronic liver diseases, the main risk factors being Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection, alcohol intake and metabolic syndrome.[2,3] Clinical outcome remains poor, with approximately only one third of patients eligible to potentially curative treatments such as surgical resection, radiofrequency ablation or liver transplantation.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and surgical options for hepatocellular carcinoma should be studied, taking into account the expanded laboratory characteristics of cancer. PMID: 29528012 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent primary liver malignancy. Chronic liver injuries as chronic hepatitis C and hepatitis B viruses, aflatoxins consumption and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are well-established causes of HCC. HCC is associated with a series of molecular changes, as alternation in glypican-3, P53 expression and Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Hepatic cancer progenitor cells could contribute to HCC development. This research aimed to study the effectiveness of human CD34+ hematopoietic stem cell on Wnt4 and P53 genes expression, histopathologic...
Source: Tissue and Cell - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Tissue Cell Source Type: research
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent primary liver malignancy and the third cause of cancer-related death in the Western Countries. The well-established causes of HCC are chronic liver infections such as hepatitis B virus or chronic hepatitis C virus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, consumption of aflatoxins and tobacco smocking. Clinical presentation varies widely; patients can be asymptomatic while symptomatology extends from right upper abdominal quadrant paint and weight loss to obstructive jaundice and lethargy. Imaging is the first key and one of the most important aspects at all st...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer-related death. Historically, HCC has been a problem mostly faced by patients from Asian countries due to the high prevalence of hepatitis B (HBV). Increasing global rates of HBV, hepatitis C, and obesity-related non-alcoholic steatohepatitis has caused a global increased incidence in HCC. Potentially curative therapies for HCC include liver resection, liver transplant, and radiofrequency ablation. More advanced HCC may be palliated with transarterial chemoembolization, transcatheter radioemb...
Source: Current Surgery Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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