Psychological resilience as a predictor of symptom severity in adolescents with poor recovery following concussion - Durish CL, Yeates KO, Brooks BL.

OBJECTIVES: Examine the mediating effects of anxiety and depressive symptoms on the relationship between psychological resilience and post-concussive symptoms (PCS) in children with poor recovery following concussion. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Adolescents ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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AbstractPost-concussion symptoms are notoriously non-specific and overlap with menstrual symptoms. The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between symptoms at different points in the menstrual cycle. Forty-four females, 23 who used hormonal contraceptives, and 34 males completed the Post-Concussive Symptom Scale (PCSS) and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale on two occasions. There were substantial group differences with regard to test-retest reliability and agreement, with unacceptably low reliability on the PCSS for females on hormonal birth control. Eumenorrheic females had systematic cha...
Source: Psychological Injury and Law - Category: Medical Law Source Type: research
Authors: Prince J, Schussler E, McCann R Abstract CLINICAL SCENARIO: An estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million concussions occur in sport and recreational activities annually.1 A sport related concussion (SRC) is contemporarily defined as a traumatic brain injury induced by biomechanical forces.2 Symptoms of concussion are caused by the metabolic cascade that includes excitatory neurotransmitter release, abnormal ion fluxes, increased glucose metabolism, lactic acid accumulation, elevated cerebral blood flow, energy deficit, and inflammation.3-5 These changes in the brain are responsible for the hallmark symptoms of a concus...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
Sport-related concussion is an increasingly common injury among adolescents, with repetitive mild traumatic brain injuries (RmTBI) being a significant risk factor for long-term neurobiological and psychological consequences. It is not uncommon for younger professional athletes to consume anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) in an attempt to enhance their performance, subjecting their hormonally sensitive brains to potential impairment during neurodevelopment. Furthermore, RmTBI produces acute neuroendocrine dysfunction, specifically in the anterior pituitary, disrupting the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis, lowering corti...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Voormolen DC, Cnossen MC, Polinder S, Gravesteijn BY, Von Steinbuechel N, Real RGL, Haagsma JA Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the frequency of post-concussion symptoms and prevalence and risk factors of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) in the general population, investigate the association between the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) and self-perceived health, and evaluate differences between three European countries. METHODS: A web-based survey including the RPQ and EQ-5D was conducted among representative samples in three European countries. RESULTS: A total of 11,759 respon...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Zoe M. Tapp, Jonathan P. Godbout and Olga N. Kokiko-Cochran* Department of Neuroscience, Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States Each year approximately 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the US alone. Associated with these head injuries is a high prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms including irritability, depression, and anxiety. Neuroinflammation, due in part to microglia, can worsen or even cause neuropsychiatric disorders after TBI. For example, mounting evidence demonstrates that microglia become &ld...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we assessed the relationship of ΔHR (difference between resting HR and HRt) and recovery from SRC. Using a retrospective cohort design, we compared acutely (30 days) in RG (p = 0.01) and PG (p = 0.04). A ΔHR of ≤50 bpm on the BCTT is 73% sensitive and 78% specific for predicting prolonged recovery in concussed adolescents who were prescribed the current standard of care (i.e., cognitive and physical rest). Introduction Sport-related concussion (SRC), a type of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), is a significant public health concern (1, 2). Concussion is defined as reversible neurolog...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Financial compensation was related to victims' long-term severity of impairment, although some extreme cases with severe disability were granted very poor compensation. Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs at a high incidence with more than 50 million people sustaining a TBI each year worldwide (1). Related to this, people with TBI are frequently involved in a litigation with claim compensation proceedings because another person was partly or wholly at fault for causing the injury, in particular in the context of road traffic accidents. While lawsuits after TBI are frequent, research...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: mTBI patients continue to be told to rest for longer than expert recommendations and practice guidelines. This study supports growing evidence that prolonged rest after mTBI is generally unhelpful, as patients in the exposure group were less likely to have resumed work/school at 1–2 months post-injury. We could not identify patient characteristics associated with getting prolonged rest advice. Further exploration of who gets told to rest and who delivers the advice could inform strategic de-implementation of this clinical practice. Introduction In the early twenty-first century, complete rest until...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: These novel results suggest that adults postmTBI may experience social inference difficulties 4 years post-TBI that are not completely explained by cognitive difficulties. Further research is needed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Neuropsychology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Every caregiver of a person living with Alzheimer's, Lewy Body dementia, Parkinson's or any other related dementia faces this gut wrenching question -Should I put my loved with dementia in a nursing home or memory care facility?By Bob DeMarcoAlzheimer's Reading RoomWe all face this gut wrenching decision. Most of us don't want to do it. But sometimes, it is the only decision, and only right decision.There are a long list of reasons why you might have to place your loved one in a nursing home or long term care memory facility.Topic -Dementia CareLet me start by making this clear -it is not your fault.It is not your fault th...
Source: Alzheimer's Reading Room, The - Category: Neurology Tags: alzheimer's care facilities care of dementia patients caregiver dementia care elderly dementia care help alzheimer's help with dementia care how to care memory care facilities nursing home Source Type: blogs
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