Fight Aging! Newsletter, May 6th 2019

This study shows that mRNA levels of the aging related lamin A splice variant progerin, associated with premature aging in HGPS, were significantly upregulated in subjects with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. Moreover, our data revealed a significantly positive correlation of BMI with progerin mRNA. These data provide to our knowledge for the first-time evidence for a possible involvement of progerin in previously observed accelerated aging of overweight and obese individuals potentially limiting their longevity. Our results also showed that progerin mRNA was positively correlated with C-reactive protein (CRP). This might suggest an association of progerin with an inflammatory response triggering accelerated aging. Moreover, we found an increase of the acute phase protein CRP in patients with BMI ≥ 25, indicating a higher systemic inflammatory status in the overweight group. This is consistent with prior findings where obesity was considered to predispose to local and systemic inflammation with ongoing activation of immune cells. SIRT6 in Longer Lived Mammals Produces More Efficient DNA Repair The sirtuin gene SIRT6 is involved in DNA repair, among many other processes. Researchers here report that differences in SIRT6 between shorter and longer lived mammals give rise to more efficient DNA repair in the longer-lived species. This might be taken as evidence f...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

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In this study, we found that TLR1/TLR2 expression predicted favorable prognosis of lung cancer patients. In the related mice tumor model, TLR1/TLR2 activation by synthetic bacterial lipoprotein (BLP), a TLR1/2 agonist, greatly inhibited tumor growth and selectively decreased monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSCs). Furthermore, BLP treatment redirected M-MDSC differentiation towards M1 macrophage through JNK pathway, and thus blocked the suppressive activity of M-MDSCs in a TLR2-dependent manner. Therefore, our data demonstrated that TLR2 could be a promising biomarker and a potential immunotherapeutic target for lung cancer.
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 112Author(s): Elizabeth A. Bemis, Jill M. Norris, Jennifer Seifert, Ashley Frazer-Abel, Yuko Okamoto, Marie L. Feser, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Kevin D. Deane, Nirmal K. Banda, V. Michael HolersAbstractRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex autoimmune disease with an etiology that is not yet well understood, disproportionally affects women and also varies in incidence and prevalence by population. The presence of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) is a highly specific biomarker for the diagnosis of clinically apparent RA. ACPA are also present in the ...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Nupur Bhargava, Shashank Jaitly, Sangam Giri Goswami, Suman Jain, Debojyoti Chakraborty, Sivaprakash RamalingamAbstractSickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in β-globin (HBB) gene. We have generated an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line, IGIBi001-A from an Indian sickle cell patient with a homozygous HBB gene mutation using Sendai virus reprogramming system. Characterization of IGIBi001-A showed that these iPSCs are transgene-free and expressed pluripotent stem cell markers. They had a...
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Nutnicha Tantarungsee, Zaukir Bostan Ali, Rungtip Soi-ampornkul, Chuda Rujitharanawong, Chanika Subchookul, Alisa Ritthaphai, Bootsakorn Boonkaew, Methichit Wattanapanitch, Kanchalit Thanomkitti, Daranporn Triwongwaranat, Chinnavuth Vatanashevanopakorn, Rattapon ThuangtongAbstractAn induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line, MUSIi010-A, was established by Sendai virus (SeV) transduction of scalp fibroblasts from a 59-year-old male with androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Pluripotency of the iPSC line was verified by immunofluorescence staining of ...
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Authors: Jang GY, Ha KS Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vascular stenosis after surgical repair frequently occurs in congenital heart disease. Although conventional balloon dilation is a useful option for stenotic lesions, restenosis may occur. Consequently, balloon expandable stents have been used; however, there are a limited number of balloon expandable stents in our country. Here, we report the early and intermediate-term outcomes of self-expandable stents in vascular stenosis of moderate to large-sized vessels in congenital heart disease. METHODS: Twelve self-expandable stents were implanted in 9 patie...
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Yang Xiong, Ying Wang, Karthik TiruthaniAbstractColorectal cancer (CRC) is predicted to be the 2nd leading cause of cancer-related death in United States in 2019. Immunotherapies such as checkpoint inhibitors have proven efficacy in patients with high level of microsatellite instability and refractory to routine chemotherapy. Despite this, immunotherapy-based treatment is seriously limited by cancer immunogenicity which are evolved to evade immune surveillance in many circumstances. Efforts are made by resear...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Nano TodayAuthor(s): Weijing Yang, Zijian Zhou, Joseph Lau, Shuo Hu, Xiaoyuan ChenAbstractImmunotherapy (e.g., checkpoint blockade, adoptive T cell therapy, cancer vaccine) has emerged as one of the most important treatment modalities for cancer in the past two decades. While these approaches are promising, the response rates observed in clinical trials are less than 30% due to tumor heterogeneity and complexity of the tumor microenvironment. Smart nanosystems have the potential to address some of the limitations associated with immunotherapy. Herein, we review applica...
Source: Nano Today - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
This study shows the possibility of simultaneous culturing of human OB and OC precursors and demonstrates the efficacy of dopants in the pace change of bone remodeling for bone tissue engineering applications.Graphical abstract
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
ConclusionIn asthma management, All the inhalation drugs in combination show better control and superior patients response in the management of asthma with more impact on economic aspects of the patients.
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
In this study, we design and develop a bioactive nanofibrous material with multiple features such as analgesic and infection resistance by using a herbal moiety. These nanowebs comprised the nanoparticles of lecithin and clove oil which dispersed in Tween-20 and polyvinyl alcohol nanoemulsion and here finally electrospun to develop nanomat which can be used as a potential candidate in dental applications.
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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