Social isolation and physical activity mediate associations between free bus travel and wellbeing among older adults in England
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Journal of Transport &HealthAuthor(s): Sarah E. Jackson, Josh A. Firth, Joseph Firth, Nicola Veronese, Trish Gorely, Igor Grabovac, Lin Yang, Lee SmithAbstractBackgroundAims of this study were: (i) to examine relationships between free bus travel and wellbeing, and (ii) to assess the extent to which these associations can be explained by two key potential mediators: social isolation and physical activity.MethodsData were from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n = 5861). Linear regression models tested associations between (i) concessionary bus pass (CBP) ownership and (ii) frequency of CBP use and three measures of wellbeing (quality of life, life satisfaction, depressive symptoms), adjusting for age, sex, marital status, socioeconomic status and limiting long-standing illness. Mediation analyses tested the role of (i) social isolation and (ii) physical activity in each association between CBP ownership/use and wellbeing.ResultsOwnership and use of a CBP was significantly associated with better quality of life (both p
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Ziqian Cheng, Ranji Cui, Tongtong Ge, Wei Yang, Bingjin LiAbstractOptogenetics is a biological technique, which involves controlling the biological functions of target cells using light. In recent years, optogenetics has become one of the most advanced experimental techniques in neuroscience. It provides precise control on target cells in addition to rapidly and specifically altering the neuronal activity both in vivo and ex vivo. The emergence of optogenetic technology enabled researchers to study the pathogenesis of diseases at ...
ConclusionThe results support that EO ‘aromatherapy’ can promote dose-dependent regulation of anxiety, depression and OSI and that efficacy requires optimization of dose.Graphical abstract
(Reuters Health) - While army suicides have historically decreased during wartime, that trend appears to have reversed in recent decades, a new study of U.S. records finds.
This study surveyed 9,052 U.S. Soldiers in 2018 via a self-administered online questionnaire. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined the association between social media use (
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Johnny Berona, Adam G. Horwitz, Ewa K. Czyz, Cheryl A. KingAbstractLesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth are at elevated risk for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). However, few studies have comprehensively examined SITBs and their longitudinal course in LGBT youth at high risk for suicide. The aims of the present study were to characterize histories of SITBs among high-risk LGBT youth and to examine prospective associations with suicidal behavior. Participants were 285 youth (41.8% LGBT) ages 13 ...
A new NIMH-funded study found that people who presented to California emergency departments with deliberate self-harm or suicidal ideation had suicide rates significantly higher than those of demographically similar Californians in the year after discharge.
Publication date: 12 December 2019Source: Cell, Volume 179, Issue 7Author(s): Cross-Disorder Group of the Psychiatric Genomics ConsortiumSummaryGenetic influences on psychiatric disorders transcend diagnostic boundaries, suggesting substantial pleiotropy of contributing loci. However, the nature and mechanisms of these pleiotropic effects remain unclear. We performed analyses of 232,964 cases and 494,162 controls from genome-wide studies of anorexia nervosa, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and Tourette synd...
An agreement struck in 2017 between Indigenous Services Canada and the Nishnawbe Aski Nation on faster funding for suicide prevention projects is "making a huge impact," says NAN Grand Chief Alvin Fiddler.
What began with a harrowing vertigo spell 35 years ago turned out to be Ménière's disease, a condition that periodically and unpredictably robs the singer of hearing and left him suicidal for months.