Self Improvement Might Sound Healthy. But There ’s a Downside to Wanting to Change

Ours is a culture that values change. Millions of Americans set resolutions each winter and buy self-help books year round. But a new study published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science finds there’s also value in aiming to stay the same. People who imagine staying fairly constant over the years may have more satisfying lives than those who think they’ll grow to be different, according to the study. “When people think about themselves over time, the people who perceive there to be the most similarity between who they are now and who they will be in the future end up being more satisfied with their lives in 10 years time,” says study co-author Hal Hershfield, an associate professor of marketing at the University of California Los Angeles Anderson School of Management. The study was based on data from almost 5,000 adults who took the Midlife Development in the United States survey. In the 1990s, when people were ages 20 to 75, they answered questions about their current personality traits — how calm, caring, wise, willing to learn, energetic and knowledgeable they were — and how they thought those traits might change over the coming decade. They also answered questions about how satisfied they were with their work, health, relationships and life overall. A decade later, they answered similar questions again. After comparing the results and adjusting for factors such as age, gender, income and education, the researcher...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Mental Health/Psychology Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe somatotopy of the hand fascicles in relation to the foot fascicles was anterolateral in patients and volunteers at superior levels but anteromedial in volunteers and mostly anterior in patients at inferior levels. The lip and tongue fascicles generally overlapped. Intracranial tumours displaced the motor fascicles without affecting their relative somatotopy.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study investigates the feasibility of employing electrical impedance tomography (EIT) as a non-invasive imaging tool for monitoring the development of cerebral edema, in which impedance imaging of the brain related to brain water content is compared with intracranial pressure (ICP). We enrolled forty patients with cerebral hemorrhage who underwent lateral external ventricular drain with intraventricular ICP and EIT monitoring for 3 h after initiation of dehydration treatment. The average reconstructed impedance value (ARV) calculated from EIT images was compared with ICP. Dehydration effects induced changes in ARV a...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Ying Yuan, Jiliang Ren, Yiqian Shi, Xiaofeng TaoAbstractPurposeTo develop magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomic signature and nomogram for preoperatively predicting prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients.MethodThis retrospective study consisted of a training cohort (n = 85) and a validation cohort (n = 85) of patients with HNSCC. LASSO Cox regression model was used to select the most useful prognostic features with their coefficients, upon which a radiomic signatu...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Esophageal surgery has become quite specialized, and both dedicated diagnostic and refined surgical techniques are required to deliver state-of-the-art care. The field has evolved to include endoscopic mucosal resection and radiofrequency ablation for early-stage esophageal cancer and minimally invasive esophagectomy with the reconstruction of a gastric conduit for carefully selected patients with esophageal cancer or those with “end-stage” esophagus from benign diseases. Reoperative esophageal surgery after esophagectomy deserves special mention given that these patients, with improved survival, are presenting...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
The diaphragm is an inconspicuous fibromuscular septum, and disorders may result in respiratory impairment and morbidity and mortality when untreated. Radiologists need to accurately diagnose diaphragmatic disorders, understand the surgical approaches to diaphragmatic incisions/repairs, and recognize postoperative changes and complications. Diaphragmatic defects violate the boundary between the chest and abdomen, with the risk of herniation and strangulation of abdominal contents. In our surgical practice, patients with diaphragmatic hernias present acutely with incarceration and/or strangulation. Bochdalek hernias are com...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a condition characterized by progressive airflow limitation caused by airway and parenchymal inflammation. Current medical therapies, including bronchodilators, corticosteroids, and anti-inflammatory medications, have been shown to variably improve pulmonary function or quality of life without providing a long-term mortality benefit. Mortality benefits to therapy have been demonstrated in only 2 therapeutic interventions to date: long-term use of daily supplemental oxygen and surgical lung volume reduction (LVRS) for upper-lobe–predominant disease in patients with a low baseli...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Injury to the thoracic duct with resultant chylothorax can cause significant patient morbidity and mortality. Conservative treatment strategies often fail to address the problem. Open surgical and percutaneous approaches are often required to manage patients with refractory chylothorax. This review describes in detail the major role of minimally invasive interventional therapies for thoracic duct (TD) injury. The review emphasizes strategies for identifying the TD on preprocedural imaging and describes various techniques for percutaneous access to the TD. The advantages and disadvantages of several approaches for accessing...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Interventional oncology and management of thoracic malignancies with ablative techniques are becoming ever more recognized therapeutic options. With increased understanding, development, and utility of the ablative techniques, the indications are expanding and efficacy improving. Lung cancer was among the first indications for lung ablation and remains most challenging with multiple therapeutic options. For inoperable patients, the current literature demonstrates equivalent survivals between ablation, sublobar resection, and stereotactic body radiation. Oligometastatic disease remains the most common indication for lung ab...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate intermediate and long-term changes in expiratory tracheal collapsibility by computed tomography (CT) in patients with tracheobronchomalacia following surgical treatment with tracheobronchoplasty and to correlate CT findings with clinical findings. Materials and Methods: Between 2003 and 2016, 18 patients with tracheobronchomalacia underwent tracheobronchoplasty and were imaged preoperatively and postoperatively at both intermediate and long-term intervals. Imaging included end-inspiratory and dynamic expiratory phase scans. The cross-sectional area of the airway lumen...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
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