First-in-human study to assess safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the anti-CD27L antibody-drug conjugate AMG 172 in patients with relapsed/refractory renal cell carcinoma

ConclusionAMG 172 exhibited a favorable pharmacokinetic profile in patients with relapsed/refractory ccRCC and showed evidence suggestive of limited antitumor activity. Safety and tolerability were as expected for a maytansinoid antibody-drug conjugate.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Authors: Lanzafame M, Lattuada E, Vincenzi M, Vecchi M, Luise D, Diani E, Gibellini D PMID: 31809663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
Authors: Zhou J, Zhou W, Kong F, Xiao X, Kuang H, Zhu Y Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2017.7090.]. PMID: 31807195 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Nekrasov KA, Vikarchuk MV, Rudenko EE, Ivanitskiy IV, Grygorenko VM, Danylets RO, Kondratov AG, Stoliar LA, Sharopov BR, Kashuba VI Abstract The detection of prostate cancer (PCa) biomarkers in bodily fluids, a process known as liquid biopsy, is a promising approach and particularly beneficial when performed in urine samples due to their maximal non-invasiveness requirement of collection. A number of gene panels proposed for this purpose have allowed discrimination between disease-free prostate and PCa; however, they bear no significant prognostic value. With the purpose to develop a gene panel for PCa dia...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Babaer D, Zheng M, Ivy MT, Zent R, Tiriveedhi V Abstract Previous phase I DNA-vaccine based clinical trials using Mammaglobin-A (Mam-A), a human breast tumor associated antigen (TAA), demonstrated that this agent was safe and efficient at treating patients with stage IV breast cancer. The long-term success of cancer vaccines is limited by the diminished expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules in the tumor microenvironment. The current study assessed the impact of various selenocompounds on the expression of HLA class I molecules in THP-1 cells, an apparent proficient antigen that pres...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Hou J, Li L, Zhu H, Chen H, Wei N, Dai M, Ni Q, Guo X Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine the association between the migration of breast cancer cells in vitro and radiosensitivity by establishing a breast cancer cell model with different migratory capacities. Transwell chambers in a 24-well plate were used to separate MDA-MB-231 and ZR-7530 cells and to establish cell models with different migratory capacities. Subsequently, the radiosensitivity of the cell models was measured using a radiation clone formation assay. Furthermore, differential gene expression was determined using gene micr...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Cho CJ, Yang CW, Wu CL, Ho JY, Yu CP, Wu ST, Yu DS Abstract Gemcitabine (GCB), which functions via the inhibition of DNA synthesis, is commonly used in the treatment of bladder cancer; however, its response rate is not satisfactory due to the development of drug resistance. The potential for phytochemicals to reverse drug resistance in bladder cancer tumor cells was evaluated. A human bladder cancer cell line, T24, was cultured, and GCB-resistant cells (T24-GCB) were also established. The acquired resistance of T24-GCB to GCB was measured using an MTT assay. The gene expression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Sunitinib treatment has acceptable efficacy and safety profile in Malaysian mRCC patients. The MSKCC and IMDC factors are relevant for predicting survival in our patient cohort while HFS is a promising prognostic predictor which warrants further investigation.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with primary or metastatic brain tumors are at increased risk of developing venous thromboses. However, the potential benefit of therapeutic anticoagulation in these patients must be weighed against the deadly complication of intracranial hemorrhage. In this review, we summarize available evidence and recent studies of intracranial bleeding risks in primary and metastatic tumors and the impact of therapeutic anticoagulation. We find that for the majority of primary and treated metastatic brain tumors, the risk of spontaneous bleeding is acceptable and not further increased by careful therapeutic anticoagul...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Lung Cancer, Neuro-Oncology, Symptom Management and Supportive Care Source Type: research
Abstract Patients with primary or metastatic brain tumors are at increased risk of developing venous thromboses. However, the potential benefit of therapeutic anticoagulation in these patients must be weighed against the deadly complication of intracranial hemorrhage. In this review, we summarize available evidence and recent studies of intracranial bleeding risks in primary and metastatic tumors and the impact of therapeutic anticoagulation. We find that for the majority of primary and treated metastatic brain tumors, the risk of spontaneous bleeding is acceptable and not further increased by careful therapeutic ...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
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