Biomaterial-Based Activation and Expansion of Tumor-Specific T Cells

Biomaterial-Based Activation and Expansion of Tumor-Specific T Cells Marjolein Schluck1,2, Roel Hammink1,2, Carl G. Figdor1,2,3, Martijn Verdoes1,3*† and Jorieke Weiden1,2,3*† 1Department of Tumor Immunology, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands 2Division of Immunotherapy, Oncode Institute, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands 3Institute for Chemical Immunology, Nijmegen, Netherlands Traditional tumor vaccination approaches mostly focus on activating dendritic cells (DCs) by providing them with a source of tumor antigens and/or adjuvants, which in turn activate tumor-reactive T cells. Novel biomaterial-based cancer immunotherapeutic strategies focus on directly activating and stimulating T cells through molecular cues presented on synthetic constructs with the aim of improving T cell survival, more precisely steer T cell activation and direct T cell differentiation. Synthetic artificial antigen presenting cells (aAPCs) decorated with T cell-activating ligands are being developed to induce robust tumor-specific T cell responses, essentially bypassing DCs. In this perspective, we approach these promising new technologies from an immunological angle, first by identifying the CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subtypes that are imperative for robust anti-cancer immunity and subsequently discussing the molecular cues needed to induce these cells types. We will elaborate on how biomate...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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This article reviews the role of iPSCs in regenerative medicine and examines the possibility of using phospholipids for quality control of iPSCs and differentiated cells. PMID: 31228130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Conclusion: In conclusion, GASL1 was downregulated in CHF. GASL1 overexpression may improve CHF by inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis through the inactivation of TGF-β1. PMID: 31223316 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Biol Lett Source Type: research
This study summarizes the recent advances in our understanding of the sources, the anticancer mechanism, and the biosynthetic pathway of paclitaxel. With the advancement of biotechnology, improvements in endophytic fungal strains, and the use of recombination techniques and microbial fermentation engineering, the yield of extracted paclitaxel has increased significantly. Recently, paclitaxel has been found to play a large role in tumor immunity, and it has a great potential for use in many cancer treatments. PMID: 31223315 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Biol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Miceli M, Baldi D, Cavaliere C, Soricelli A, Salvatore M, Napoli C Abstract Introduction: Stem cells (ESC, iPSC, MSC) are known to have intrinsic regenerative properties. In the last decades numerous findings have favored the development of innovative therapeutic protocols based on the use of stem cells (Regenerative Medicine/Cell Therapy) for the treatment of numerous diseases including PAD, with promising results in preclinical studies. So far, several clinical studies have shown a general improvement of the patient's clinical outcome, however they possess many critical issues caused by the non-randomize...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Bewersdorf JP, Stahl M, Zeidan AM Abstract Key paper evaluation: Craddock C, et al. Combination Lenalidomide and Azacitidine: A Novel Salvage Therapy in Patients Who Relapse After Allogeneic Stem-Cell Transplantation for Acute Myeloid Leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2019; 37: 580-8. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) is the only potentially curative treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). However, most patients relapse after allo-HSCT and treatment options are limited. Craddock et al. reported recently in the Journal of Clinical Oncology results from a ...
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Abstract A cluster of nine mesothelioma cases was observed among 341 registrants' deaths in the US Transuranium and Uranium Registries. Descriptive analysis showed that mesothelioma cases had the highest average cumulative external radiation dose compared with lung cancer, other cancer, and noncancer deaths. Further analysis indicated that the mesothelioma cluster was very different demographically from lung cancer, other cancer, and noncancer deaths. Therefore, an internally matched case-control approach was applied to evaluate the differences in an average cumulative external radiation dose between mesothelioma ...
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