The role of mucins in mucositis

This article aims to review current studies involving mucin and mucositis. Recent findings Mucins have been shown to alter mucositis severity and key targets associated with mucositis. First, interventions increasing mucin content has been associated with reduce damage associated with mucositis. Second, mucins have also been shown to protect microbiota from radiation-induced damage. Finally, mucins have also been shown to be involved in lumen epithelial barrier interactions altering signalling for cell proliferation, motility, and the inhibition of apoptosis. Summary The current studies suggest that mucin expression prior to and during mucositis may be very important in reducing the severity of mucositis and further research into the area is warranted.
Source: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Tags: GASTROINTESTINAL SYMPTOMS: Edited by Nicole Blijlevens and Andrea M. Stringer Source Type: research

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Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) are aggressive neuroendocrine tumors with poor survival rates [1 –3]. For stage IV SCLC, treatment has not advanced significantly over the last decades and consists of palliative chemotherapy. The same applies to stage IV LCNEC, were no standard treatment exists and palliative chemotherapy with SCLC and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) regimens are both deeme d appropriate [4]. Recently, targeted therapy focusing on delta like protein 3 (DLL3) has received attention to improve outcomes for SCLC and LCNEC [5].
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionCutaneous metastases secondary to urothelial bladder carcinoma are exceptional especially in its inflammatory presentation. Diagnosis is based on immunohistochemical study. Treatment is based on chemotherapy and the prognosis is poor.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Indian patients with colon cancer, at a tertiary referral center, tend to present at more advanced stages of the disease as compared to the West. However, curative treatment with surgery and chemotherapy offers similar survival outcomes when compared stage for stage.
Source: Indian Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with advanced carcinoma GB were managed with various palliative procedures with the aim to improve the quality of life of patients because of jaundice, loss of appetite, nausea, pain, etc. Symptoms are distressing for patients.
Source: Indian Journal of Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The incidence of bleomycin induced pulmonary toxicity and mortality was significantly higher in our study compared to that of other Western studies. This could be probably due to the increased susceptibility of the Indian patients to bleomycin induced lung damage. In a highly curable cancer such as HL, it is unacceptable to have such a high life-threating toxicity. Hence, an alternative chemotherapy regimen without bleomycin is to be explored which would prevent toxicity and hence the compromise on survival.
Source: Indian Journal of Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The majority of our patients continue with anticancer treatments they possibly do not need and associated with poor survival.
Source: Indian Journal of Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Rose-Anna Foley, Lucie Lechevalier Hurard, Annick Anchisi, Sandro AnchisiAbstractA new subfield of oncology has emerged in the last twenty years to raise awareness and address the specific needs of elderly cancer patients, a population that was long neglected in oncology. We sought to understand the individual experiences, as well as moral and social implications of considering elderly cancer patients as “treatable”.Following an anthropological critical interpretative approach focusing on practical and symbolic effec...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although only 3 cases are reported, the exceptional results and the absence of side effects observed strongly warrant future trials to investigate the role intraperitoneal chemotherapy can have both as palliative treatment of refractory ascites and as salvage therapy in advanced endometrial cancer. PMID: 31597138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncology Source Type: research
by Drew Rosielle (@drosielle)A Series of Observations on Opioids By a Palliative Doc Who Prescribes A Lot of Opioids But Also Has Questions.This is the 5th post in a series about opioids, with a focus on how my thinking about opioids has changed over the years. See also:Part 1 – Introduction, General Disclaimers, Hand-Wringing, and a Hand-Crafted Graph.Part 2 – We Were Wrong 20 years Ago, Our Current Response to the Opioid Crisis is Wrong, But We Should Still Be Helping Most of our Long-Term Patients Reduce Their Opioid DosesPart 3 – Opioids Have Ceiling Effects, High-Doses are Rarely Therapeutic, and Ano...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - Category: Palliative Care Tags: cancer opioids pain rosielle The profession Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the effect of prior chemotherapy on self-expanding metal stent (SEMS)-related complications in patients with locally advanced primary esophageal cancer.Materials and methodsData from patients with locally advanced primary esophageal cancer who received SEMS placement with or without prior chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were grouped according to prior palliative therapy: group A (n = 41) had received SEMS only, and group B (n = 64) had received palliative chemotherapy prior to SEMS placement. Patients’ age, stricture length, tumor location...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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