The Current Evidence on the Association Between the Urinary Microbiome and Urinary Incontinence in Women

This study also found that Proteus DNA, a genus with many uropathogenic species (Drzewiecka, 2016), was more prevalent in women with OAB compared to asymptomatic controls (Curtiss et al., 2017). IC A recent study by Abernethy et al. suggested that the microbiome may play a role in IC (Abernethy et al., 2017). In this study, 16S rRNA analysis determined the microbiome of catheterized urine from women (n = 40) with IC was not dominated by a single genus and was less likely to contain Lactobacillus compared to asymptomatic women. Abernethy et al. also showed that L. acidophilus was associated with less severe scores on the IC symptoms index (Abernethy et al., 2017). L. acidophilus is known to alleviate inflammation (Foye et al., 2012; Li et al., 2016) and is marketed as a probiotic. These findings offer additional evidence in support of the importance of certain Lactobacillus species in the healthy bladder milieu. SUI In one study of women undergoing surgery for SUI, urine specimens were collected from UTI-negative patients and analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Of the 197 urine samples, 174 were collected by clean-catch, while only 23—by catheterization. Although 86% of samples had detectable bacterial DNA, no associations were found between bacterial diversity and SUI symptoms (Thomas-White et al., 2017). More recently, a study which included catheterized urine from a mix of SUI and pelvic organ prolapse patients (n = 126) showed that two bacterial species; Atopob...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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Johns Hopkins Children's Center has been ranked as the best pediatric hospital in the state, and once again as one of the 10 best in the country, according to U.S. News&World Report. The annual Best Children’s Hospitals rankings are intended to help families of children with complex and rare conditions find the best medical care. The rankings highlight the top 50 hospital centers in 10 pediatric specialties: cancer, cardiology and heart surgery, diabetes and endocrinology, g astroenterology and…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: news
This study aims to investigate the resistance of thermophilic endospores towards cleaning solutions typically used for cleaning-in-place in dairy manufacturing plants. From eleven tested strains, all were able to survive an alkaline treatment (NaOH) at 65 °C for 10 min (0.5%), whereas at concentrations of 2% eight strains withstood the treatment. Acid solutions were more sporicidal. At 0.5% of HNO3, only three strains survived the treatment. Milk impurities reduced the inactivation effect of the NaOH solutions towards thermophilic spore formers. For two selected strains, a detailed kinetic inactivation in NaOH and ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the microbiota from dairy farm to final cheeses along an artisanal cheese-making continuum. Environmental and food samples were collected from 21 sites, including the dairy farm, milk, cheese plant, and finished cheeses. The microbiota of these samples were analyzed using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, with sequences grouped into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) by phylotype at the genus level. Alpha diversity decreased from dairy farm to finished cheese. Firmicutes was the dominant phylum, ranging from 31% to 92% between the dairy farm and finished cheeses, respectively, wit...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Abstract Fresh vegetables are important components of an everyday balanced diet making ready to-eat-salads (RTE) a commodity widely consumed. However, in the past few years these products have been linked with outbreaks of salmonellosis and listeriosis; thus the continuous investigation of their safety is an essential requirement. A total of 216 samples of ready-to-eat salads from the Cypriot market were analysed to determine the microbiological quality and safety, along with physicochemical attributes of the salads and identify possible correlations between them. The samples were randomly collected from four reta...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
I, Rovira J Abstract The fastidious requirement of the zoonotic pathogen Campylobacter jejuni contrasts with its ability to overcome harsh conditions. Different strategies might be involved in the survival and persistence of C. jejuni through the poultry food chain. Therefore, the aims of this study were to get insights in the survival strategies in the poultry slaughterhouse environment by (i) characterizing factors such as biofilm formation, virulence and antimicrobial resistance in environmental isolates and (ii) understanding the possible link between the phenotypic and genetic characterization using whole gen...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
This study investigated the effect of processing water and processing time on the microbial diversity of yellow-feathered broiler carcasses at select stages of slaughter during one commercial processing day using a high-throughput sequencing technique targeting the V3V4 region of the 16S RNA gene. Our results demonstrated that Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the dominant bacterial phyla of broiler carcasses and processing water in the chiller tank, whereas the processing water in the scalder tank contained a high abundance of Firmicutes and Deinococcus-Thermus. At the genus level, Escherichia-Shigella and Streptococcus ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Source: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care Source Type: research
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