Maternal Restricted- and Over-Feeding During Gestation Result in Distinct Lipid and Amino Acid Metabolite Profiles in the Longissimus Muscle of the Offspring

Maternal Restricted- and Over-Feeding During Gestation Result in Distinct Lipid and Amino Acid Metabolite Profiles in the Longissimus Muscle of the Offspring Dominique E. Martin1,2, Amanda K. Jones1,3, Sambhu M. Pillai1,4, Maria L. Hoffman1,5, Katelyn K. McFadden1,6, Steven A. Zinn1, Kristen E. Govoni1 and Sarah A. Reed1* 1Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States 2Department of Psychology, Providence College, Providence, RI, United States 3Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Aurora, CO, United States 4School of Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States 5Department of Fisheries, Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, United States 6Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA, United States Maternal over- and restricted-feeding during gestation have similar negative consequences for the offspring, including decreased muscularity, increased adiposity, and altered metabolism. Our objective was to determine the effects of poor maternal nutrition during gestation (over- and restricted-feeding) on the offspring muscle metabolite profile. Pregnant ewes (n = 47) were fed 60% (RES), 100% (CON), or 140% (OVER) of NRC requirements starting at day 30.2 ± 0.2 of gestation. Offspring sample collection occurred at days 90 and 135 of gestation, and within 24 h of birth. C2C12 myoblasts were cultured...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Source: BMJ - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe findings showed the presence of antibiotic resistance in probiotic bacteria isolated from commercially available dietary supplements. As multidrug resistance is a serious emerging issue and the risk of drug resistant gene transfer to commensals or pathogens of the gut is inevitable, the safety of probiotics has become a major criterion of interest. The findings of this study would serve as a platform for further screening and characterization of the determinants of antibiotic resistance and the genetic mechanisms of resistance.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study compares the effect of Helicobacter (H.) pylori and Lactobacillus (L.) acidophilus on the cytokine profile of PBMCs of 5 men with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and 5 men with normal/insignificant angiography, CT-Scan and ultrasonography results in the single-culture and in the co-culture with HUVECs. IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17A, IL-17 F, IL-21, IL-22, IFN-γ and TNF-α were measured in culture supernatants using a commercial fluorescent-labeled-bead assay.In general, CagA+ H. pylori-extract induced higher production of IFN-γ, IL-13 and IL-21 by PBMCs. Treatment of ...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study characterized Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, and E. coli O157:H7 by collecting rectoanal mucosal swabs and fecal samples from 518 imported beef cattle at Jordan’s major abattoir. A unique 53 L. monocytogenes, 287 S. enterica, and 17 E. coli O157:H7 were isolated from 37, 120 and 9 different animals; respectively. The prevalence of S. enterica, L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 were 23.2% (95% CI, 19.7-27.0%), 7.1% (95% CI, 5.2-9.7%) and 1.7% (95% CI, 0.9-3.3%); respectively. All L. monocytogenes, all E. coli O157:H7 and 93.0% of S. enterica isolates resisted at least one antimicrobial clas...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Fan D, Yang S, Han Y, Zhang R, Yang L Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are widely known as critical regulators in isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity during the development of brain. Moreover, isoflurane could aggravate cognitive impairment in diabetic rats. The present study was designed to investigate the role and mechanism of miR-140-5p on isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity in diabetic rats. Firstly, a diabetic rat model was established by injection of streptozotocin (STZ) and identified by Morris water maze test. The result indicated that isoflurane treatment exacerbated STZ-induced cognitive impairment, as demo...
Source: Journal of Toxicological Sciences - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Hara T, Sakamaki S, Ikeda A, Nakamura T, Yamamoto C, Kaji T Abstract Proteoglycans that are synthesized by vascular endothelial cells contribute to the proliferation, migration, and blood coagulation-fibrinolytic system in vascular endothelial cells. Clarification of the molecular mechanisms for proteoglycan synthesis allows understanding of the regulation of endothelial functions. The research strategy of bioorganometallics analyzes biological systems using organic-inorganic hybrid molecules as tools. The present study found dichloro(2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)zinc(II) and its ligand-modulated perle...
Source: Journal of Toxicological Sciences - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): Konstantinos Palikaras, Nektarios TavernarakisAbstractMaintenance of synaptic homeostasis is a challenging task, due to the intricate spatial organization and intense activity of synapses. Typically, synapses are located far away from the neuronal cell body, where they orchestrate neuronal signalling and communication, through neurotransmitter release. Stationary mitochondria provide energy required for synaptic vesicle cycling, and preserve ionic balance by buffering intercellular calcium at synapses. Thus, synaptic h...
Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): Cui Chen, Min Zhou, Yuchen Ge, Xiaobo WangAbstractAging is a biological phenomenon in which the structure and function of organisms declining with the increasing of age. It has become a major risk factor of human diseases, including diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases. Silencing information regulator 2 related enzyme 1(sirtuin1, SIRT1) is an NAD+-dependent deacetylase, which has been reported to be involved in the regulation of cellular senescence and aging. The expression of SIRT1...
Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Maria Guarino, Valentina Cossiga, Filomena MoriscoAbstractAbnormal liver tests occur in 3-5% of pregnancies and show many different causes. Although alterations of liver enzymes could be a physiological phenomenon, it may also reflect potential severe liver injury, necessitating further assessment and accurate management. The work-up has to consider liver diseases specific of pregnancy and non pregnancy-related liver damage (coincidental and pre-existing to pregnancy).Pre-existing liver diseases during...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck DiseasesAuthor(s): M. Risoud, M. Tardivel, P.-E. Lemesre, N.-X. Bonne, C. VincentAbstractImmunofluorescence on cleared intact cochlea allows detailed analysis of the cochlear ultrastructure, while avoiding the problems of dissection and serial sections. Protocols have been developed for mice and Mongolian gerbils. This technical note proposes a detailed and optimised immunofluorescence protocol in the Mongolian gerbil comprising significant quantitative and qualitative improvements. This protocol sequentially co...
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
More News: Academia | Biochemistry | Biotechnology | Brain | Carbohydrates | Cardiology | Chemistry | Chronic Kidney Disease | Databases & Libraries | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Type 2 | Dietary Protein | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Environmental Health | Fibre | G6PD | Gastroschisis Repair | Genetics | Grants | Heart | High Fat | Hormones | Hysterectomy | Insulin | Laboratory Medicine | Lemon Fruit | Liver | Meat | Medical Ethics | Men | Merck | Metabolic Syndrome | Mitochondria | Mitochondrial Disease | Neurology | Neuroscience | Nutrition | Obesity | Opthalmology | Organic | Overdose | Pancreas | Parenteral Nutrition | Pediatrics | Penicillin | PET Scan | Phenytoin | Physiology | Pregnancy | Psychology | Renal Failure | Respiratory Medicine | Science | Sodium | Statistics | Students | Study | Toxicology | Ultrasound | Universities & Medical Training | Urology & Nephrology | USA Health | Veterinary Research | Vitamins