Correlation Between Intracranial Arterial Calcification and Imaging of Cerebral Small Vessel Disease

Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease (1). Vascular calcification is part of the atherosclerotic process and may indicate severe stenosis (2). Atherosclerotic calcification occurs in the form of hydroxyapatite deposits that resemble bone mineralization (3). The more advanced stages consist of calcified plaques (1), which can be assessed non-invasively using computed tomography (CT) (4). The association between calcification in different arteries and vascular diseases has been examined previously (5). Vascular calcification on CT is a predictor of coronary heart disease (6) and is a potential marker for clinical stroke (7). Recent evidence suggests that the presence of intracranial arterial calcifications could independently predict the occurrence of a stroke in Caucasian and Asian individuals (2, 8). Despite arterial calcification usually occurring in the atherosclerotic large artery, it h...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: There are gender differences in the relationship between NT-proANP and MetS, while an inverse association between plasma NT-proANP and MetS in men suggests that higher levels of NT-proANP may be a protective factor for MetS. PMID: 32617886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2020Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Ali Safavi Naeini, Mahboobeh Karimi-Galougahi, Nasim Raad, Jahangir Ghorbani, Ayeh Taraghi, Sara Haseli, Golfam Mehrparvar, Mehrdad Bakhshayeshkaram
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Ye J, Zheng Q, Zou L, Yu Q, Veronese N, Grabovac I, Stefanac S, Tzeng HM, Yu JJ Abstract Background: The postural stability is a major factor that helps prevent developing knee osteoarthritis with aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Baduanjin qigong on postural control and physical function in older adults with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Fifty-six individuals over 60 years of age with knee osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (n = 28) or a control group (n = 28). Participants in the experimental group received a ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In this study, Cortex Cercis chinensis granules (CCCGs), a prescription drug on the market, were shown to inhibit the pore-forming activity of PLY and protect against PLY-mediated cell hemolysis and A549 cell death without antibacterial activity or inhibition of PLY production. In addition, CCCG treatment inhibited the oligomerization of PLY. Animal experiments showed that CCCGs can reduce the death of mice infected with S. pneumoniae, the degree of pathological damage to the lungs, and the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the lungs. In summary, our results demonstrated that CCCGs, a marketed Chinese medicine, inhibit PLY...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zhan LH, Dong YJ, Yang K, Lei SS, Li B, Teng X, Zhou C, Luo R, Yu QX, Jin HY, Lv GY, Chen SH Abstract Suanzaoren decoction (SZRT), a classic Chinese herbal prescription, has been used as a treatment for insomnia for more than a thousand years. However, recent studies have found no significant effects of SZRT as a treatment for insomnia caused by gastric discomfort. Herein, we studied the effects of modified Suanzaoren decoction (MSZRD) on gastrointestinal disorder-related insomnia. The main constituents of MSZRD were spinosin (2.21 mg/g) and 6-feruloylspinosin (0.78 mg/g). A pentobarbital-ind...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present study suggests that a method of SPA combined with higher-order Markov-SPA is relatively effective and can be applied to the clinical prediction of diabetic ulcers, which has higher accuracy than traditional first-order curative effect prediction model. PMID: 32617110 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Concomitant use of herbal and conventional antidiabetic medicines was a common practice. Cognizant of its potentially serious herb-drug interactions, efforts should be made to improve awareness and knowledge of healthcare providers about HM potential effects. Further studies on dose, frequency, duration, and modes of interaction are recommended. PMID: 32617109 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: The mechanisms of SGJPF in protecting against LF include the regulation of multiple targets such as IL-6, TP53, PTGS2, and AKT1. These target proteins affect LF through various signal transduction pathways. PMID: 32617108 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Xuan Y, Huang H, Huang Y, Liu D, Hu X, Geng L Abstract Background: Clinical investigators have found that the use of needling in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has a good clinical application prospect in recent years. However, these studies were insufficient to provide evidence for the efficacy and safety of simple-needling for AS. So, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of simple-needling for treating AS. Methods: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literatu...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Isolation of Oxyberberine and β-Sitosterol from Berberis lycium Royle Root Bark Extract and In Vitro Cytotoxicity against Liver and Lung Cancer Cell Lines. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020;2020:2596082 Authors: Anwar MA, Tabassam S, Gulfraz M, Sheeraz Ahmad M, Raja GK, Arshad M Abstract Berberis lycium Royle has been traditionally used to cure rheumatism, eye and ear diseases, malarial fever, diabetes, stomach disorders, and skin diseases. There is a least amount of data available on cytotoxic capacity of Berberis lycium from Pakistani origin, so on this basis, the present study was aimed ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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