Correlation Between Intracranial Arterial Calcification and Imaging of Cerebral Small Vessel Disease

Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease (1). Vascular calcification is part of the atherosclerotic process and may indicate severe stenosis (2). Atherosclerotic calcification occurs in the form of hydroxyapatite deposits that resemble bone mineralization (3). The more advanced stages consist of calcified plaques (1), which can be assessed non-invasively using computed tomography (CT) (4). The association between calcification in different arteries and vascular diseases has been examined previously (5). Vascular calcification on CT is a predictor of coronary heart disease (6) and is a potential marker for clinical stroke (7). Recent evidence suggests that the presence of intracranial arterial calcifications could independently predict the occurrence of a stroke in Caucasian and Asian individuals (2, 8). Despite arterial calcification usually occurring in the atherosclerotic large artery, it h...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Revista Clínica Española (English Edition)Author(s): J. Masip, J.R. Germà LluchAbstractRecent epidemiological studies have shown that alcohol consumption can increase the risk of arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation and gastrointestinal and breast cancer. Various sectors are therefore promoting abstinence from alcohol. However, light alcohol consumption has once again been shown to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction and diabetes but with an unclear effect on cerebrovascular disease. The decision to consume alcohol should therefore be ...
Source: Revista Clinica Espanola - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionIP is a diagnosis of exclusion which should only be made after surgical and non-surgical causes have been outruled. In the absence of signs of peritonitis and evidence of gastrointestinal perforation on CT, a conservative approach is warranted, allowing patients to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionOnly a few cases of penile FG have been reported. Early debridement of all necrotic tissue is the golden rule.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONTc-99 m SC SPECT-CT is a novel helper used to assess the differential liver function after Y90 radioembolization of HCC and before segmentectomy and lobectomy of the liver.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThis report described the presentation and treatment of a chronic S. marcescens sternal abscess that occurred 13 years after CABG. Chronic sternal infections due to this organism in cardiac surgery patients are exceeding rare.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): M. Compagnat, S. Mandigout, C.S. Batcho, N. Vuillerme, J.Y. Salle, R. David, J.C. DavietAbstractBackgroundRecent studies reported that wearable sensor devices show low validity for assessing the amount of energy expenditure in individuals after stroke.ObjectiveWe aimed to evaluate the validity of energy expenditure calculation based on the product of energy cost and walked distance estimated by wearable devices in individuals after hemispheric stroke.MethodsWe recruited individuals with hemispheric stroke seque...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
This study aimed to develop a short form of the Diabetes Acceptance and Action Scale that would be suitable for administration across all ages.MethodPeople with diabetes were recruited via social media, support organisations and charities as well as clinical services. They completed an online survey measuring demographic and clinical data, the Diabetes Acceptance &Action Scale, Problems in Diabetes Short Form, Self-Care Inventory Revised, Brief Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire, Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire and Engaged Living Scale.ResultsFive hundred and thirty-one participants with diabetes responded to the onli...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Bilezikian JP, Hattersley G, Mitlak BH, Hu MY, Fitzpatrick LA, Dabrowski C, Miller PD, Papapoulos SE Abstract Objective: To evaluate, post hoc, the efficacy and safety of abaloparatide by degree of renal impairment. Methods: ACTIVE was a phase 3, 18-month, randomized, double-blind, active-comparator, placebo-controlled study of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who received subcutaneous abaloparatide 80 µg, placebo, or open-label teriparatide 20 µg daily. Patients with serum creatinine>2.0 mg/dL or 1.5-2.0 mg/dL with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
ConclusionWe found no evidence that Donders contracted leprosy despite years of intense leprosy contact, but we successfully isolated an archaeological M. leprae aDNA sample from a control skeleton from South America.SignificanceWe successfully genotyped recovered aDNA to a M. leprae strain that likely originated in West Africa. The detected human mitochondrial haplogroup L3 is also associated with this geographical region. This suggests that slave trade contributed to leprosy in Suriname.LimitationsA limited number of skeletons was examined.Suggestions for further researchBroader review of skeletal collections is advised ...
Source: International Journal of Paleopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe incidence of early poststroke seizures was overall rare, and no significant differences emerged between patients receiving and those not receiving reperfusion therapies.This article is part of the Special Issue “Seizures and Stroke”.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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