Ask Do Adults Need Vaccine Boosters

Do Adults Need Vaccine Boosters?
Source: eMedicineHealth.com - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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Abstract Background: The development of protective vaccines for Brucella spp. has been hampered by the difficulty in transformation of Brucella cells with foreign DNA for genetic manipulation. It seems that the formation of Brucella spheroplasts would increase the efficiency of transformation. The aim of this study was to devise an efficient method for the transformation of Brucella spp. Materials and Methods: At first, spheroplast of Brucella was prepared by glycine and ampicillin induction and transformed using optimized protocols of CaCl2, electroporation, and lipofection methods. Then, the efficacy of tra...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Abdol Sattar Pagheh, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Shirzad Gholami, Hossein Asgarian-Omran, Reza Valadan, Hadi Hassannia, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mahdi Fasihi-Ramandie, Samira Dodangeh, Zahra Hosseni-khah, Ahmad DaryaniAbstractToxoplasma gondii, the etiological agent of toxoplasmosis, can cause severe or lethal damages in both animals and man. So, tends to develop a more effective vaccine to prevent this disease is extremely needed and would be so prominent. The novel dense granule antigen 14 (GRA14) has been identified as a potential vaccine candidate a...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Personalized Medicine UniverseAuthor(s): Ayaka Nakamura, Minako Abe, Yasuha Ono, Yukie Saeki, Fumika Kono, Hazuki Sakuma, Ayumi Morokuma, Yoshimori Ishihara, Hiroyuki AbeAbstractThe global incidence and mortality rates of colorectal cancer is rising, and has surpassed lung cancer as the highest incidence of all types of cancers in Japan [1]. Standard treatments include surgery and chemotherapy, however immunotherapy using Dendritic Cell (DC) vaccines is also recognized as an effective treatment for many cancers including colorectal cancer. DCs are the most potent antig...
Source: Personalized Medicine Universe - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Nano TodayAuthor(s): Weijing Yang, Zijian Zhou, Joseph Lau, Shuo Hu, Xiaoyuan ChenAbstractImmunotherapy (e.g., checkpoint blockade, adoptive T cell therapy, cancer vaccine) has emerged as one of the most important treatment modalities for cancer in the past two decades. While these approaches are promising, the response rates observed in clinical trials are less than 30% due to tumor heterogeneity and complexity of the tumor microenvironment. Smart nanosystems have the potential to address some of the limitations associated with immunotherapy. Herein, we review applica...
Source: Nano Today - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Both meningococcal conjugate vaccines showed good immunogenicity in healthy Korean adults without statistically significant differences. Further investigations for serotype distribution of circulating meningococci and the immune interference between other diphtheria toxin-containing vaccines concomitantly used for military recruits are needed to optimize immunization policies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service Identifier: KCT0002460. PMID: 31197986 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
We examined the role of maternal HIV disease progression, infant factors, placental Fc receptor expression, IgG subclass, and glycan signatures and their association with placental IgG transfer efficiency. Maternal IgG characteristics, such as binding to placentally expressed Fc receptors FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa, and Fc region glycan profiles were associated with placental IgG transfer efficiency. Our findings suggest that Fc region characteristics modulate the selective placental transfer of IgG, with implications for maternal vaccine design and infant health.Graphical Abstract
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: CellAuthor(s): Daniel G.W. Alanine, Doris Quinkert, Rasika Kumarasingha, Shahid Mehmood, Francesca R. Donnellan, Nana K. Minkah, Bernadeta Dadonaite, Ababacar Diouf, Francis Galaway, Sarah E. Silk, Abhishek Jamwal, Jennifer M. Marshall, Kazutoyo Miura, Lander Foquet, Sean C. Elias, Geneviève M. Labbé, Alexander D. Douglas, Jing Jin, Ruth O. Payne, Joseph J. IllingworthSummaryThe Plasmodium falciparum reticulocyte-binding protein homolog 5 (PfRH5) is the leading target for next-generation vaccines against the disease-causing blood-stage of malaria. However...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: CellAuthor(s): Madeleine F. Jennewein, Ilona Goldfarb, Sepideh Dolatshahi, Cormac Cosgrove, Francesca J. Noelette, Marina Krykbaeva, Jishnu Das, Aniruddh Sarkar, Matthew J. Gorman, Stephanie Fischinger, Carolyn M. Boudreau, Joelle Brown, Jennifer H. Cooperrider, Jasneet Aneja, Todd J. Suscovich, Barney S. Graham, Georg M. Lauer, Tessa Goetghebuer, Arnaud Marchant, Douglas LauffenburgerSummaryDespite the worldwide success of vaccination, newborns remain vulnerable to infections. While neonatal vaccination has been hampered by maternal antibody-mediated dampening of immu...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
This study provides a convenient method for the genetic manipulation of V. mimicus. It will facilitate the identification and characterization of V. mimicus virulence factors and eventually contribute to a better understanding of V. mimicus pathogenicity and development of attenuated vaccine.
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Giorgio GuzzettaAbstractA major outbreak of Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) has swept through Europe between mid-2016 and 2017, mainly within the community of men who have sex with men (MSM). Over the same period, about 1,000 outbreak-related cases of acute Hepatitis A (AHA) were recorded in Lazio region, Italy.We calibrated a Bayesian model to reconstruct likely transmission events within all 44 households where multiple infections were recorded, representing a total of 103 cases from the HAV outbreak in Lazio. Based on information on the observed times of...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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