Integrative Analyses of Long Non-coding RNA and mRNA Involved in Piglet Ileum Immune Response to Clostridium perfringens Type C Infection

In conclusion, the results improve our understanding on the characteristics of lncRNAs and mRNAs on regulating host immune response against C. perfringens type C infection, which will provide a reference for future research into exploring C. perfringens-related diseases in human. Introduction Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a Gram-positive anaerobic rod and ranks as the second most common bacteria that causes fulminant, fatal infectious and immune diseases (Scharff, 2012; Grass et al., 2013). These diseases are characterized by fever, pain, gas production, local edema, and severe tissue destruction, they usually further develop into systemic toxemia, necrotic enteritis, shock, sepsis, or even death in many animal species, including human and piglet (Songer et al., 2010), which are estimated one million illnesses reported every year (Low et al., 2018). Considering the four major lethal toxins produced by C. perfringens (alpha, beta, epsilon, and iota), it has been subdivided into five types (A to E) (Hassan et al., 2015). C. perfringens infection in pigs is mainly caused by the type C strain, the infection in younger piglets (50% of bases with Phred scores
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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This study aims to extract a liver model from LDCT images for facilitating medical expert in surgical planning and post-operative assessment along with low radiation risk to the patient. Our method carried out liver extraction by employing residual convolutional neural networks (LER-CN), which is further refined by noise removal and structure preservation components. After patch-based training, our LER-CN shows a competitive performance relative to state-of-the-art methods for both clinical and publicly available MICCAI Sliver07 datasets. We have proposed training and learning algorithms for LER-CN based on back propagatio...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Conclusion: Using a mathematical framework, we showed that the combination therapy of mTOR and STAT3 genes yields the best apoptosis in breast cancer. Significance: The computational results we arrived at are consistent with the experimental results that we obtained using Cryptotanshinone on MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines and also by the past results of others from the literature, thereby demonstrating the effectiveness of our model.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Conclusion: The proposed deep-learning-based CADx method outperformed four human experts. It was also able to identify morphological characteristics in OCM images that were consistent with histopathological interpretations. Significance: Label-free OCM imaging, combined with deep-learning-based - ADx methods, holds a great promise to be used in clinical settings for the effective screening and diagnosis of cervical diseases.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Conclusion: The presented passive design element counters both failure modes in a simple and highly compatible manner. Significance: Liquid scanning probes enabling targeted interfacing with biological surfaces are compatible with a wide range of workflows and bioanalytical applications. An improved operational robustness would facilitate rapid and widespread adoption of liquid scanning probes in research as well as in diagnostics.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Conclusion: This novel controllable cell array printing technique on the microfluidic platforms provides a useful method with high-quality printing and cell viability for the applications of single-cell analysis and high-throughput drug screening. Significance: The controllable cell printing technique could apply in many biological processes and biomedical engineering applications, such as cell analysis, cancer development, and drug screening and metabolism. Combined with the microfluidic chips, tissue engineering, and sensors, this technique will be widely used for the construction and analysis of biological and biomedical model.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
We present a robot-assisted approach for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy. The robot is a hands-free probe manipulator that moves the probe with the same 4 DoF that are used manually. Software was developed for three-dimensional (3-D) imaging, biopsy planning, robot control, and navigation. Methods to minimize the deformation of the prostate caused by the probe at 3-D imaging and needle targeting were developed to reduce biopsy targeting errors. We also present a prostate coordinate system (PCS). The PCS helps defining a systematic biopsy plan without the need for prostate segmentation. Comprehensive te...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the incidence and genetic characteristics of hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) in Xiamen, China. We analyzed the newborn screening data of HPA, obtained using a fluorometric method and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), from 2013 to 2017. The suspected positive samples were further diagnosed using MassArray technology, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and Sanger sequencing. A total of 418,831 newborns were screened, of whom 19 were diagnosed as HPA patients, with an incidence of 1:22,044. Of these HPA patients, 15 tested positive for phenylketonuria (PKU, 1:27922), and 4 tested ...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Roviello G, Nobili S, Mini E PMID: 31432747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The preliminary results of the present phase II trial, using HT for moderate hypofractionation in localized prostate cancer, are optimal. In fact, HT guaranteed an acceptable tolerability profile with low rates of GU and GI side effects and, more specifically, no acute severe adverse events were recorded. Long-term findings are warranted. PMID: 31432765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Buka D, Dvoƙák J, Richter I, Škrobánek P, Buchler T, Melichar B Abstract There is a growing corpus of evidence indicating that anti-VEGF therapy may normalize the abnormal tumor vasculature with the potential to re-program the tumor immune microenvironment to a more immunosupportive profile. Tumor vessel normalization increases tumor perfusion, and, consequently, oxygen and nutrient supply, and thus can be assumed to improve the general response to anticancer immunotherapy. The increased antitumor immunity responses seen following anti-VEGF therapy may also be associated with the inhi...
Source: Acta Medica: Hradec Kralove - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) Source Type: research
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