Extract of Plantago asiatica L. Seeds Ameliorates Hypertension in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats by Inhibition of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme

In this study, we investigated the antihypertensive effect and underlying mechanisms of P. asiatica L. seeds extract (PASE) in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Male SHRs were treated with 2.5 mg/kg of fosinopril (FOS) and 400 mg/kg of PASE orally per day for once or 12 weeks. SHR or Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) receiving vehicle (distilled water) was used as control. The results demonstrated systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures (SBP, DBP, and MBP) were significantly lowered after single and long-term intragastric administration of PASE. The cardiac and aortic index and collagen accumulation were improved in the PASE group compared with the SHRs group. Meanwhile, PASE treatment remarkably reduced urine total protein, the ratio of serum urea nitrogen to serum creatinine, and increased serum potassium. The levels of serum angiotensin I (Ang I), angiotensin II (Ang II), the ratio of Ang II to Ang I, and aldosterone (ALD) were lowered after treatment of PASE. Besides, PASE and its major active constituents of phenylethanoid glycosides, including isoacteoside, plantamajoside and acteoside, were found to effectively inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activation in vitro. These findings suggest that PASE has the antihypertensive effect that may involve a mechanism of ACE inhibition and simultaneously protect organ damage against hypertension. Introduction Hypertension is one of the major threats for global human health, which could induce a series of damages...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe achieved promising results with this computer-aided diagnosis method that we tried to develop using convolutional neural networks based on transfer learning. This method can help clinicians for the diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis while interpreting plain pelvic radiographs, also provides assistance for a second objective interpretation. It may also reduce the need for advanced imaging methods in the diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis.
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
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Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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