The Prognostic and Clinical Value of CD44 in Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-Analysis

Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrated that CD44 overexpression might be an unfavorable prognostic factor for CRC patients and could be used to predict poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. Introduction Although therapies for colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved in recent years, colorectal cancer is still the third most common cause of cancer related death worldwide (1). Metastasis are observed in 25% of patients at initial diagnosis and approximately 50% of patients will develop metastasis (2). Presently, the outcome prediction and the therapy schedule determination of CRC patients is based on the TNM classification (3). However, TNM classification cannot precisely predict the prognosis of CRC patients at an early stage, therefore, finding the bio-markers in CRC patients is very important for diagnosis and prognosis prediction. Currently, accumulating evidence supports a hypothesis that a subpopulation of cancer cells, called cancer stem cells (CSCs) exist, which contribute to tumor initiation, recurrence and resistance to radio-or chemotherapy (4–7). Although CSCs play crucial roles in cancer initiation and progression, there is no normalized CSCs marker. It has recently been reported that CSCs markers, such as CD133, CD44, EpCAM, and ALDH1, are potential prognostic markers for various cancers (7–9). Among them, CD44 is the most common reported CSCs marker in CRC (8, 9). CD44 is an important membrane receptor for hya...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The constantly increasing prevalence of NAFLD in the general population can contribute to a growing role of NAFLD/NASH in HCC epidemiology. Moreover, some particular challenges specific for patients with liver steatosis may impede proper HCC diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. PMID: 31631714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Source: St. Michael's Hospital News and Media - Category: Hospital Management Tags: Hospital News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Apoptosis is an important clinical target to protect NSCs during brain tumor radiotherapy using carbon-ion radiation as well as conventional X-rays. PMID: 31633435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
Conclusions: SIF + XRT caused changes in patterns of endothelial cell death and survival, proinflammatory molecule release, and adhesion molecule expression at early time points post-XRT associated with early reduction of immune cell recruitment. These findings suggest that SIF could mediate its radioprotective effects in irradiated lungs by limiting excessive immune cell homing via vascular endothelium into damaged lung tissue and curtailing the overall inflammatory response to radiation. PMID: 31633433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
Authors: special issue: “Focus on pediatric nephrology”, Chimenz R, Cannavò L, Viola V, Di Benedetto V, Scuderi MG, Pensabene L, Salvo V, D'Angelo G, Stroscio G, Impollonia D, Concolino D, Fede C, Alibrandi A, Cuppari C Abstract Urolithiasis is a well-known condition that can affect any part of the urinary tract. With a rate of 3-5% the incidence of upper urinary tract for long has been higher in adults (1-3), but recently it has increased among children reaching 3,3% . Indeed, more than 1% of all urinary stones are seen in patients aged less than 18 years (4). Pediatric urolithiasis is endemic i...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
We report our experience in conservative management of patients with prenatal and neonatal diagnosis of severe bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), focusing on the actual predictors of renal function impairment or spontaneous resolution. Between 1996 and 2006, 20 patients with bilateral severe hydronephrosis related to UPJO were included in the study. Indications for surgery were an increased hydronephrosis, decreased renal function, onset of symptoms. Conservatively treated patients were followed up for 3 months to 10 years with renal ultrasound, DTPA diuretic, urine culture. At first renal scan, 22 out of...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
Authors: special issue: “Focus on pediatric nephrology”, Scuderi MG, Spampinato G, Milazzo G, Betta P, Fusco M, Arena S, Falsaperla M, Chimenz R, Di Benedetto V Abstract Pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) due to intrinsic or extrinsic causes is a common problem in childhood. Extrinsic compression by a lower pole-crossing blood vessel can present symptomatically in older children. In these cases, laparoscopies Vascular Hitch can represent a valid alternative to pyeloplasty dismembered. We analyzed the data of 4 children affected by extrinsic PUJO treated at our institution with the laparoscopic Va...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
This study analyzes the results of laparoscopic nephrectomy for Wilms Tumor (WT) in pediatric age compared with open nephrectomy after 10 years of experience in a single centre. From 1993 in our center of reference for pediatric oncology, 30 patients with WT have been treated. We performed 21 open nephrectomy and in the last 10 years 9 laparoscopic nephrectomy. In all patients treated laparoscopically, the same technique made by the same equip was used. Compared with patients treated by open surgery, we did not find a significant difference in terms of outcome and survival. In the open surgery group, two patients had lung ...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate immunohistochemical expression of cyclin D1 and PSA in breast carcinoma and their relation to prognosis. It includes 79 specimens of breast invasive duct carcinoma. Overall survival time was available for all patients. There is a statistically significant association between positive PSA expression and lower tumor stage, nodal stage and tumor grade and between negative PSA expression and presence of metastasis (P value = .05, 0.01, 0.03 and 0.011, respectively). There is a highly statistically significant association between low percentage of cyclin D1 expression (
Source: Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Tags: J Immunoassay Immunochem Source Type: research
Rancho Cordova-based Cesca Therapeutics Inc. says it's launching a joint venture to create a blood bank-style service for immune cells. Cesca (NASDAQ: KOOL) announced its joint venture with Irvine-based HealthBanks Biotech USA Inc. on Tuesday. Both companies are affiliated with Boyalife Group Inc., a Chinese group of stem cell companies. Boyalife bought a 70% stake in Cesca in 2016, and HealthBanks is a subsidiary. The joint vent ure plans to create a facility that would be “among the first immune…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
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